La Noosphère. Internet a-t-il de l’esprit? La Noosphere est un concept développé par Teilhard de Chardin, un philosophe/théologien/scientifique du début du XXeme siecle. Théorie vaguement délirante développée il y a près d’un siècle, elle connaît aujourd’hui un deuxième souffle avec le développement d’internet. Pour T. de Chardin, la noosphère est une enveloppe invisible qui recouvre la terre, comme la lithosphère, et qui contient une foule d’informations ainsi que les pensées des humains vivant sur terre. La notion de noosphère, un peu endormie depuis cent ans, a connu un nouveau souffle avec l’invention d’internet. On pourrait ainsi voir les sites comme des neurones et leurs liens comme des axones. Internet permettrait selon cette perspective à la pensée de toute l’humanité d’être connectée (à ce propos cf. ). Autres articles sur le sujet : .Le test de Turing bientôt réussi? Like this: J'aime chargement…
Kolmogorov Complexity – A Primer The Complexity of Things Previously on this blog (quite a while ago), we’ve investigated some simple ideas of using randomness in artistic design (psychedelic art, and earlier randomized css designs), and measuring the complexity of such constructions. Here we intend to give a more thorough and rigorous introduction to the study of the complexity of strings. The Problem with Randomness What we would really love to do is be able to look at a string of binary digits and decide how “random” it is. And yet, by the immutable laws of probability, each string has an equal chance ( ) in being chosen at random from all sequences of 50 binary digits. Definition: The Kolmogorov complexity of a string , denoted is the length of the shortest program which outputs given no input. While this definition is not rigorous enough to be of any use (we will reformulate it later), we can easily see why the first of the two strings above is less random. print "01" * 25 The dutiful reader will cry out in protest. . .
Crowd psychology Crowd psychology, also known as mob psychology, is a branch of social psychology. Social psychologists have developed several theories for explaining the ways in which the psychology of the crowd differs from and interacts with that of the individuals within it. Major theorists in crowd psychology include Gustave Le Bon, Gabriel Tarde, Sigmund Freud and Steve Reicher. This field relates to the behaviors and thought processes of both the individual crowd members and the crowd as an entity. Crowd behavior is heavily influenced by the loss of responsibility of the individual and the impression of universality of behavior, both of which increase with the size of the crowd. Origins The psychological study of crowd phenomena began in the decades just prior to 1900 as European culture was imbued with thoughts of the fin de siècle. The first debate in crowd psychology began in Rome at the first International Congress of Criminal Anthropology on 16 November 1885. See also
Law of Complexity/Consciousness The Law of Complexity/Consciousness is the postulated tendency of matter to become more complex over time and at the same time to become more conscious. The law was first formulated by Jesuit priest and paleontologist Pierre Teilhard de Chardin. Teilhard holds that at all times and everywhere, matter is endeavoring to complexify upon itself, as observed in the evolutionary history of the Earth. Matter complexified from inanimate matter, to plant life, to animal life, to human life. Or, from the geosphere, to the biosphere, to the noosphere (of which humans represented, because of their possession of a consciousness which reflects upon themselves). For Teilhard, the Law of Complexity/Consciousness continues to run today in the form of the socialization of mankind. Teilhard imagines a critical threshold, the Omega Point, in which mankind will have reached its highest point of complexification (socialization) and thus its highest point of consciousness. Quotes See also
Noosphère Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Ne doit pas être confondu avec NooSFere. La noosphère, selon la pensée de Vladimir Vernadsky et Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, désigne la « sphère de la pensée humaine ». Le mot est dérivé des mots grecs νοῦς (noüs, « l'esprit ») et σφαῖρα (sphaira, « sphère»), par analogie lexicale avec « atmosphère » et « biosphère ». Ce néologisme a été introduit en 1922 par Teilhard de Chardin dans sa « cosmogénèse». Une autre possibilité est la première utilisation du terme par Édouard Le Roy qui était, avec Teilhard, auditeur des conférences de Vladimir Vernadsky à la Sorbonne. Dans la théorie originelle de Vernadsky, la noosphère est la troisième d'une succession de phases de développement de la Terre, après la géosphère (matière inanimée) et la biosphère (la vie biologique). Le concept[modifier | modifier le code] Notions préliminaires[modifier | modifier le code] Développement[modifier | modifier le code] ↑ Georgy S. Portail de la philosophie
Comparison between Karl Pribram's "Holographic Brain Theory" and ore conventional models of neuronal computation One of the problems facing neural science is how to explain evidence that local lesions in the brain do not selectively impair one or another memory trace. Note that in a hologram, restrictive damage does not disrupt the stored information because it has become distributed. The information has become blurred over the entire extent of the holographic film, but in a precise fashion that it can be deblurred by performing the inverse procedure. This paper will discuss in detail the concept of a holograph and the evidence Karl Pribram uses to support the idea that the brain implements holonomic transformations that distribute episodic information over regions of the brain (and later "refocuses" them into a form in which we re-member). Particular emphasis will be placed on the visual system since its the best characterized in the neurosciences. 1. 2. Chapter 2 will outline the basic concept of a hologram and start to introduce Pribram's holonomic brain theory. What is holography? Figure 1 1. 2.
Collective consciousness Collective conscious or collective conscience (French: conscience collective) is the set of shared beliefs, ideas and moral attitudes which operate as a unifying force within society. The term was introduced by the French sociologist Émile Durkheim in his Division of Labour in Society in 1893. The French word conscience can be translated into English as "conscious" or "conscience" (conscience morale), or even "perception" or "awareness", and commentators and translators of Durkheim disagree on which is most appropriate, or whether the translation should depend on the context. Some prefer to treat the word 'conscience' as an untranslatable foreign word or technical term, without its normal English meaning. In general, it does not refer to the specifically moral conscience, but to a shared understanding of social norms. Collective consciousness in Durkheimian social theory Other uses of the term See also Notes References Works by Durkheim Works by others
Omega Point The Omega Point is the purported maximum level of complexity and consciousness towards which some theorize the universe is evolving. The term was coined by the French Jesuit Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (1881–1955). According to Teilhard the universe is constantly evolving towards higher levels of material complexity and consciousness, a hypothesis that Teilhard called the Law of Complexity/Consciousness. Teilhard postulates this process results in an absolute, completed whole, which in his view is the actual cause of our Universe's increasing development. In other words, the Omega Point will exist as supremely complex and conscious, transcendent and independent of the evolving universe. Teilhard argued that the Omega Point resembles the Christian Logos, namely Christ, who draws all things into himself, who in the words of the Nicene Creed, is "God from God", "Light from Light", "True God from true God," and "through him all things were made." Five attributes Related concepts