Syntactic Structures Syntactic Structures is a book in linguistics by American linguist Noam Chomsky, first published in 1957. A seminal work in 20th-century linguistics, it laid the foundation of Chomsky's idea of transformational grammar. It contains the famous sentence, "Colorless green ideas sleep furiously", which Chomsky offered as an example of a sentence that is completely grammatical, yet completely nonsensical. Background Chomsky had an interest in language from a very young age. For his master's thesis, Chomsky undertook to apply Harris's methods of structural analysis to Hebrew, the language he had studied under his father in childhood. In 1955, with the help of Harris and Roman Jakobson, Chomsky moved to MIT's Research Laboratory of Electronics (RLE) as the in-house linguist in Victor Yngve's mechanical translation project. Publication Syntactic Structures was Chomsky's first published book, a short monograph that distilled the concepts presented in LSLT. Honor
Page Title Entering Coolgardie. There's a row of houses that look like they have been literally carried up from Perth and placed in a row. The were built for miners and their families. On entering work every morning I was met by red eyed, red nosed, sick staff all at various stages of the flu. My bosses were a family of six, related in various ways, and that's where the similarity ended. In the kitchen the main topic of conversation was whom ever was not present at that particular time. I wondered what they said about me when I wasn't there. On reflection I realised I was a bit hard on the girls and their back biting. I fantasized getting them all stoned and then discovering what their all made of underneath and who they really are under the masks that they wear. My Mum is popular, that's because she's friendly and caring, people like that in a person's character. After two weeks in Coolgardie I met a truckie who offered to take me to Adelaide and score me a direct ride to Queensland.
United States Constitution The Constitution was adopted on September 17, 1787, by the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and ratified by conventions in eleven States. It went into effect on March 4, 1789. Since the Constitution was adopted, it has been amended twenty-seven times. The first ten amendments (along with two others that were not ratified at the time) were proposed by Congress on September 25, 1789, and were ratified by the necessary three-fourths of the States on December 15, 1791. These first ten amendments are known as the Bill of Rights. The Constitution is interpreted, supplemented, and implemented by a large body of constitutional law. The Constitution of the United States was the first constitution of its kind, and has influenced the constitutions of other nations. History First government The Continental Congress could print money; but, by 1786, the currency was worthless. Congress was paralyzed. Constitutional Convention Drafting the Constitution Ratification
maps home page Down to: 6th to 15th Centuries | 16th and 19th Centuries | 1901 to World War Two | 1946 to 21st Century The Ancient World ... index of places Aegean Region, to 300 BCE Aegean Region, 185 BCE Africa, 2500 to 1500 BCE Africa to 500 CE African Language Families Alexander in the East (334 to 323 BCE) Ashoka, Empire of (269 to 232 BCE) Athenian Empire (431 BCE) China, Korea and Japan (1st to 5th century CE) China's Warring States (245 to 235 BCE) Cyrus II, Empire of (559 to 530 BCE) Delian League, 431 BCE Egyptian and Hittite Empires, 1279 BCE Europe Fertile Crescent, 9000-4500 BCE Germania (120 CE) Greece (600s to 400s BCE) Gupta Empire (320 to 550 CE) Han China, circa 100 BCE Hellespont (Battle of Granicus River, 334 BCE) India to 500 BCE Israel and Judah to 733 BCE Italy and Sicily (400 to 200 BCE) Judea, Galilee, Idumea (1st Century BCE) Mesopotamia to 2500 BCE Mesoamerica and the Maya (250 to 500 CE) Oceania Power divisions across Eurasia, 301 BCE Roman Empire, CE 12 Roman Empire, CE 150 Roman Empire, CE 500
The Most Dangerous Court in America While journalists and academics pay much attention to the Supreme Court and “the Nine,” the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals, considered by some to be the second most important U.S. court, often goes ignored. The D.C. Circuit is the training ground for the Supreme Court and the place where much of the nation’s regulatory framework is decided. Much has been written recently about the four vacant seats (out of eleven) on the D.C. Some have argued that the D.C. On its face, the D.C. On the D.C. The results of this partisan court are not surprising. The court’s conservative attacks on regulations have not been limited to the labor and employment context. Similarly, the court severely hindered the SEC’s ability to issue new rules as was intended under the Dodd-Frank Act. Republicans are fully aware of the power they hold with the D.C. Moshe Z.
Mithra the Pagan Christ | Mithraism and Christianity | Mithras the Sun God by Acharya S/D.M. Murdock (The following article is adapted from a chapter in Suns of God: Krishna, Buddha and Christ Unveiled, as well as excerpts from other articles, such as "The Origins of Christianity" and "The ZEITGEIST Sourcebook.") "Both Mithras and Christ were described variously as 'the Way,' 'the Truth,' 'the Light,' 'the Life,' 'the Word,' 'the Son of God,' 'the Good Shepherd.' The Christian litany to Jesus could easily be an allegorical litany to the sun-god. Gerald Berry, Religions of the World "Mithra or Mitra is...worshipped as Itu (Mitra-Mitu-Itu) in every house of the Hindus in India. Swami Prajnanananda, Christ the Saviour and Christ Myth Because of its evident relationship to Christianity, special attention needs to be paid to the Persian/Roman religion of Mithraism. By around 1500 BCE, Mitra worship had made it to the Near East, in the Indian kingdom of the Mitanni, who at that time occupied Assyria. Mithra as Sun God An inscription by a "T. Mithra in the Roman Empire
The invasion of Australia - official at last The invasion of Australia - official at last 1 July 2011 The City of Sydney has voted to replace the words “European arrival” in the official record with “invasion”. The deputy lord mayor, Marcelle Hoff, says it is intellectually dishonest to use any other word in describing how Aboriginal Australia was dispossessed by the British. In 2008, the then prime minister Kevin Rudd formally apologised to Aborigines wrenched from their families as children under a policy inspired by the crypto-fascist theories of eugenics. The City of Sydney ruling is a very different gesture, and admirable; for it reflects not a liberal and limited “sorry campaign”, seeking feel-good “reconciliation” rather than justice, but counters a cowardly movement of historical revision in which a collection of far-right politicians, journalists and minor academics claimed there was no invasion, no genocide, no Stolen Generation, no racism.
Time Capsule To begin, enter a date in the box above and click either: Quick Page - this button will automatically generate a Time Capsule page for you. - OR - Advanced Page - this button will lead you through a "wizard" that allows you to select specific headlines, birthdays, songs, TV shows, toys, and books for the selected date. You can edit the information, or even add your own information to the final page! When you're through, you'll be presented with your own customized page that includes all the information you've chosen, plus typical consumer prices from that year, Academy Award winners that year, etc. We currently have data online for the years 1800 through 2002, although data for the years 1800 - 1875 is probably spotty. If you're reaching this via a direct link somewhere, be sure to visit our home page at containing over 20,000 online scrapbook layouts, discussion boards, chat rooms, poetry database, page toppers database, and more! Enjoy!
Well Actually, It’s Pretty Hard for Some People to Get a Photo ID So They Can Vote #ABLC “What’s the big deal with requiring a photo ID before you vote?” That’s the big question that silly people who love them some voter ID laws tend to ask before they launch into a tirade about how ridiculous it is that people are protesting those laws. And that tirade is usually followed by a litany of things that you need photo ID for, like boarding a plane, buying beer, entering a government building, purchasing a gun, or doing something else that is not a fundamental right the same way that voting is. (Oh, by the way? You don’t need a photo ID to board a plane. And that litany of things is usually followed by you contemplating ripping your ears right off of your head because the stupidity just won’t stop. You’ve heard it all before, but maybe you just don’t feel like explaining that voter ID laws are simply a tool used to suppress votes, so you just throw up your hands in frustration and walk away because you’re really sick of arguing with your Uncle Bob about this shit all the time.
Twelve Virtues of Rationality by Eliezer Yudkowsky by Eliezer Yudkowsky The first virtue is curiosity. A burning itch to know is higher than a solemn vow to pursue truth. To feel the burning itch of curiosity requires both that you be ignorant, and that you desire to relinquish your ignorance. If in your heart you believe you already know, or if in your heart you do not wish to know, then your questioning will be purposeless and your skills without direction. The second virtue is relinquishment. The third virtue is lightness. The fourth virtue is evenness. The fifth virtue is argument. The sixth virtue is empiricism. The seventh virtue is simplicity. The eighth virtue is humility. The ninth virtue is perfectionism. The tenth virtue is precision. The eleventh virtue is scholarship. Before these eleven virtues is a virtue which is nameless. Miyamoto Musashi wrote, in The Book of Five Rings: "The primary thing when you take a sword in your hands is your intention to cut the enemy, whatever the means.
How old is English? Paperwork Against the People Paperwork Against the People Photo by redjar, 2000, Flickr creative commons The Demon of Writing: Powers and Failures of Paperwork by Ben Kafka Zone Books, 2012, 182 pp. We are all familiar with tales of inept clerks wasting people’s time, focusing on inane procedural concerns at the expense of common sense and elevating the protocols of paperwork for their own sake over the functions bureaucracy is ostensibly intended to perform. We have all been to the post office; we’ve had to renew passports, file quarterly tax payments, fight phantom parking tickets. How did such horror stories of clerical uselessness become so socially useful, so tellable? The range of examples Kafka marshals demonstrate how these seemingly inevitable tales of bureaucratic incompetence and subversion have been put in service across the political spectrum. This wasn’t the intent, of course. Instead of optimism, the specter of paperwork permits cynicism to flourish. Perhaps, but to what end?