background preloader

Various Historical Items

Facebook Twitter

These rare photos of Bonnie and Clyde reveal the dark reality of America’s iconic criminal couple. Was Caligula Really Insane? - Tales of Times Forgotten. The Roman emperor Caligula, who ruled from 16 March 37 AD until his assassination on 24 January 41 AD, is undoubtedly one of the most notorious Roman emperors.

Was Caligula Really Insane? - Tales of Times Forgotten

Unfortunately, over the centuries, a tremendous mythology has grown up around him and many of the things that are popularly believed about him are simply not true. Caligula is best known to the general public as an insane, sexually depraved emperor who thought he was a living god, murdered a little boy for coughing too much, had sex with all three of his sisters, murdered his sister who was pregnant with his child and ate the fetus, turned his palace into a brothel, drank expensive pearls dissolved in vinegar, made his horse a senator, and waged war against Neptune to collect seashells as “loot.” These are all stories that have accumulated over the years. Most of them are definitely or probably false; others are based on historical facts but have been greatly misrepresented. ‘Invasion’ of ancient Egypt may have actually been immigrant uprising. Ancient Egypt’s first “foreign” takeover may actually have been an inside job.

‘Invasion’ of ancient Egypt may have actually been immigrant uprising

Archaeologists got one thing wrong about North American indigenous history. Columbus famously reached the Americas in 1492.

Archaeologists got one thing wrong about North American indigenous history

Other Europeans had made the journey before, but the century from then until 1609 marks the creation of the modern globalized world. This period brought extraordinary riches to Europe, and genocide and disease to indigenous peoples across the Americas. The European settlement dates and personalities are known from texts and sometimes illustrations, to use the failed colony on what was then Virginia’s Roanoke Island as an example. But one thing is missing. La Belle’s Mysterious Bones. Article body copy Pirates, shipwrecks, mutiny, and murder are hallmarks of fictional swashbuckling adventures.

La Belle’s Mysterious Bones

But they were also features of an ill-fated French expedition to colonize part of North America. Now, human bones discovered in the wreckage of the expedition’s flagship are adding a new level of mystery to the story thanks to cutting-edge DNA analysis. In 1682, French explorer René-Robert Cavelier de La Salle explored and claimed the Mississippi region for France, naming it La Louisiane after King Louis XIV. Two years later, La Salle set sail from France with 400 sailors and colonists aboard four ships, intending to colonize the mouth of the Mississippi River.

But the expedition didn’t go according to plan. After several failed attempts to locate the Mississippi, La Salle started building a settlement inland called Fort St. Second Happy Time. The "Second Happy Time", also known among German submarine commanders as the "American Shooting Season",[1] was the informal name for the Operation Paukenschlag (or Operation Drumbeat), a phase in the Battle of the Atlantic during which Axis submarines attacked merchant shipping and Allied naval vessels along the east coast of North America.

Second Happy Time

The first "Happy Time" was in 1940–1941 in the North Atlantic and North Sea. Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini declared war on the United States on 11 December, 1941, so their navies could begin the "Second Happy Time".[2] The "Second Happy Time" lasted from January of 1942 to about August of that year and involved several German naval operations, including Operation Neuland. For over 50 years, Navy fighter pilot never told anyone about secretly shooting down Russian aircraft. Retired Navy Capt.

For over 50 years, Navy fighter pilot never told anyone about secretly shooting down Russian aircraft

E. Royce Williams has been keeping a secret for more than 50 years. To his friends, family, and others he served with, Williams was known as a decorated fighter pilot, who led a successful career in the Navy, where he served for more than 30 years and flew more than 220 missions in Korea and Vietnam. However, even his wife wasn’t aware of what he’d done on Nov. 18, 1952. The “Irreplaceable” Chernyaev Diary 1980. Operation Bodenplatte: Last Gasp of the Luftwaffe. In the early morning hours of the first day of 1945, Allied pilots in northwest Europe might have expected to see pink elephants before they saw Nazi aircraft.

Operation Bodenplatte: Last Gasp of the Luftwaffe

Since the Normandy invasion, Royal Air Force and U.S. Army Air Forces fighters had largely driven the Luftwaffe from the skies. Poor late-December weather had hindered efforts to counter the German ground offensive in the Ardennes—the Battle of the Bulge—but with the new year dawning cold and clear, all that prevented a renewed Allied aerial assault was aircrew hangovers. “The first hours of 1945 were spent letting in the New Year, wishing each other all the best and having a few beers,” recalled Leading Aircraftsman Desmond Shepherd, an armorer with RAF No. 137 Squadron at Eindhoven, Netherlands. “After breakfast I was crossing the runway, going toward the armory…At that moment I heard gunfire.

Sergeant Peter Crowest, an RAF air controller at Ursel, Belgium, reported for duty at 0900 hours. 2nd Lt. Lieutenant Colonel John C. Atomic Heritage Foundation. The Ghost Hunter. When Theodore Roosevelt Refused Geronimo's Plea. Mental Floss has a new podcast with iHeartRadio called History Vs., about how your favorite historical figures faced off against their greatest foes.

When Theodore Roosevelt Refused Geronimo's Plea

Our first season is all about President Theodore Roosevelt. Subscribe on Apple Podcasts here, and for more TR content, visit the History Vs. site. Germany’s War, Chapter 6: The German Expellees. Cointet-element. A Cointet-element on a beach.

Cointet-element

The Cointet-element, also known as a Belgian Gate or C-element, was a heavy steel fence about three metres wide and two metres high, typically mounted on concrete rollers, used as a mobile anti-tank obstacle during World War II. Each individual fence element weighed about 1,280 kg but was movable (e.g. with two horses) through the use of two fixed and one rotating roller. Its invention is attributed to a French colonel, Léon-Edmond de Cointet de Fillain (1870-1948, later to become general), who came up with the idea in 1933 during the run-up to World War II, as to be used in the Maginot Line. Omaha Beach. Code name for one of the zones for amphibious landings in Northern France on D-Day, 6 June 1944 Omaha, commonly known as Omaha Beach, was the code name for one of the five sectors of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on June 6, 1944, during World War II.[1] "Omaha" refers to an 8 kilometers (5 mi) section of the coast of Normandy, France, facing the English Channel, from east of Sainte-Honorine-des-Pertes to west of Vierville-sur-Mer on the right bank of the Douve River estuary and with an estimated 150-foot (45 m) tall cliffs.

Omaha Beach

Landings here were necessary to link the British landings to the east at Gold with the American landing to the west at Utah, thus providing a continuous lodgement on the Normandy coast of the Bay of the Seine. Very little went as planned during the landing at Omaha. Difficulties in navigation caused the majority of landing craft to miss their targets throughout the day. Terrain and defenses[edit] Plan of attack[edit] [edit] The Amelia Earhart Mystery Stays Down in the Deep. For two weeks in August, a multimillion-dollar search from air, land and sea sought to solve the 80-year mystery of Amelia Earhart’s disappearance.

Robert Ballard, the ocean explorer famous for locating the wreck of the Titanic, led a team that discovered two hats in the depths. It found debris from an old shipwreck. It even spotted a soda can. 1930s-40s in Color. Top Secret Chernobyl: The Nuclear Disaster through the Eyes of the Soviet Politburo, KGB, and U.S. Intelligence. Washington, D.C., August 15, 2019 – Documents from the highest levels of the Soviet Union, including notes, protocols and diaries of Politburo sessions in the immediate aftermath of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster in 1986, detail a sequence of cover-up, revelation, shock, mobilization, individual bravery, and bureaucratic turf battles in the Soviet reaction, according to the “Top Secret Chernobyl” e-book published today by the National Security Archive. POST TIME: Iconic Barefoot Mailman route ended 125 years ago this week.

Readers: In January 1893, federal postal officials opted not to renew their 8-year old contract for Star Route #6451. Thus came to an end, 125 years ago this week, the venture of one of the most colorful characters in South Florida’s pioneer history: the Barefoot Mailman. The Historical Society of Palm Beach County places the official end of the route at Jan. 22, 1893. Here’s more on the iconic character from past Post Time columns: With no railroad or regular ship service, a letter from Jupiter to Miami took six to eight weeks via Key West, Havana and New York. Giant Head Found in Rome of God Linked to Cult Accused of Ritual Murder and Orgies.

Do These Skeletons Hold the Secret to the Fall of the Roman Empire? Bonnie and Clyde Death Car on Display. The ‘death car’ of Bonnie and Clyde, still riddled with bullet holes, has been on display ever since the notorious bank robbers were gunned down. The stolen car Bonnie and Clyde were gunned down in, on display at Whiskey Pete’s Hotel and Casino in Primm, NV.

On May 23rd, 1934, Bonnie and Clyde were gunned down in their stolen 1934 Ford Model 730 Deluxe Sedan. A posse of police officers ambushed the couple, unloading 130 rounds into their car on a rural road in Bienville Parish, Louisiana. Officers Ted Hinton and Bob Alcorn stated: Each of us six officers had a shotgun and an automatic rifle and pistols. Chernobyl Disaster: Photos From 1986. As the HBO miniseries Chernobyl comes to a conclusion tonight, viewers will have been taken on a dramatic trip back to 1986, experiencing the horror and dread unleashed by the world’s worst-ever civil nuclear disaster. Thirty-three years ago, on April 26, 1986, a series of explosions destroyed Chernobyl’s reactor No. 4, and several hundred staff and firefighters tackled a blaze that burned for 10 days and sent a plume of radiation around the world.

One of D-Day’s most famous, heroic assaults may have been unnecessary. Pointe du Hoc, France — Seventy-five years ago Thursday, a battalion of elite U.S. Army Rangers scaled the 100-foot promontory here overlooking Omaha Beach, with nothing more than ropes and rickety ladders. As enemy gunfire and grenades rained down, picking them off as they climbed, the Rangers managed to secure the strategic high ground and silence a small battery of long-range German guns that had been moved inland.

‘The Swastika Swishery’: The WWII Nazi Spy Gay Sex Scandal That Rocked the Senate. Ancient Garbage Heaps Show Fading Byzantine Empire Was 'Plagued' By Disease and Climate Change. The Soviet Withdrawal from Afghanistan 1989. The world's biggest grave robbery: Asia’s disappearing WWII shipwrecks. USS Hornet Aircraft Carrier Lost in World War II Has Been Discovered. How an African Slave in Boston Helped Save Generations from Smallpox. In the early 1700s, Onesimus shared a revolutionary way to prevent smallpox.

Sunken Hiei Japanese World War II Battleship Discovered. European colonisation of the Americas killed 10% of world population and caused global cooling. Trump Follows Nixon’s Last Lines of Defense as Walls Close In. US 8th Air Force Aces, Mustang and Thunderbolt fighter pilots in WW2. By Stephen Sherman, June, 1999. How Native Americans adopted slavery from white settlers. A very 60s Christmas. The Anglo-Saxons were worse than the Vikings. Lady Death: Lyudmila Pavlichenko, the Greatest Female Sniper of All Time. Site yields evidence of Coronado’s expedition. Why 536 was ‘the worst year to be alive’ The Soviet Side of the 1983 War Scare. The Roman ‘Brexit’: how life in Britain changed after 409AD - HeritageDaily - Archaeology News.

- The Washington Post. Atlasobscura. A Day in Pompeii - Full-length animation. A Jar, a Blouse, a Letter. The hippie trail and the search for enlightenment. How a Sneak Attack By Norway's Skiing Soldiers Deprived the Nazis of the Atomic Bomb. How the 1993 Waco standoff began with a bloody gunbattle that federal agents now regret 

How the American West was really won: C19th images of early settlers in Deadwood. Culture - Witnessing the fall of the Berlin Wall – by mistake. Allied war crimes during World War II - Wikipedia. Long-hidden World War II files offer another way to prosecute war crimes. China vs. America: Why the Korean War Was Total Hell (And It’s Not Over) DNA proves fearsome Viking warrior was a woman. Browse All - NYC Municipal Archives. Medieval London was the most violent place in England. The Reasons for Secession. The Declaration of Causes of Seceding States. Researchers Find Wreckage of WWII-era USS Indianapolis. Antarctica keeps 106-year-old fruitcake "almost edible"

This Newly Excavated Underground Tunnel Reveals How 83 German Officers Escaped a World War II Prison Camp. Kamikaze. Think Trump was tough on Sean Spicer? Nixon literally shoved his press secretary. Untitled. Germans must remember the truth about Ukraine – for their own sake – Eurozine. Amelia Earhart Captured and Killed? New Evidence Debunks History Channel’s Crazy Theory. Amelia Earhart was thought to have died in a crash. A newly unearthed photo suggests she survived. 8 Facts You Might Not Know About the Donner Party. Watergate and the Downing of Nixon, Part 1 - WhoWhatWhy.

Watergate and the Downing of Nixon, Part 2 - WhoWhatWhy. Unsealed 75 years after the Battle of Midway: New details of an alarming WWII press leak. The Train Robbery That Almost Won the Civil War. Japan's Conquest of the Philippines: America's Worst Military Disaster? Watch the Destruction of Pompeii by Mount Vesuvius. The Israel-Palestine conflict: a 10-minute history. Salem Witch Trials Execution Site Found, And It's Behind A Walgreens. Old Photographs of Blizzards Show The Eternal Misery–And Majesty–of Winter.

Stranger than Strangelove: how the US planned for nuclear war in the 1950s. Scientists Peg Anthropocene to First Farmers. Caffeinated 'Vomit Drink' Nauseated North America's First City. Waco siege. Ruby Ridge. Reaganism and the rise of the carceral state. Long-Hidden Details Reveal Cruelty of 1972 Munich Attackers. The Reagan Administration’s Unearthed Response to the AIDS Crisis Is C. Turkey-NATO Crisis Sets The Scene For New European ‘EU Army’ We still think like ancient Romans: “The clash between the demands of homeland security and rights of the individual? We haven’t solved that” How Humans Went From Hissing Like Geese To Flipping The Bird. London’s Plague Pits Map Shows Where the Black Death Got Buried. Man Donates Grandfather's Racist WWII Letters.

Peter Van Buren, The Great War in the Middle East. The Unanswerable Questions of Jonestown. Heldt090300. Studio Musicians and 1960s Popular Music Industry. Commemoration of WWII casualties in Belarus. Why doesn't Russia make a big deal about its role in liberating Nazi Holocaust death camps? Diary of Soviet ambassador to London rewrites history of World War II. Child At 9/11 Memorial Service Sternly Reminded We Are Sad Today. Sects, witches, and wizards-from Pythagoreans to Kepler.