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Unsealed 75 years after the Battle of Midway: New details of an alarming WWII press leak. The Train Robbery That Almost Won the Civil War. Alexander Crosman peered through his telescope from the deck of his Union Army gunboat.

The Train Robbery That Almost Won the Civil War

What the commander of the USS Somerset saw bewildered him. Nearly 18 miles from shore, off the Confederate-held city of Apalachicola, Florida, Crosman watched two men standing in a small skiff and waving frantically at the military ship. Crosman ordered his ship’s guns leveled and an armed guard on deck. Japan's Conquest of the Philippines: America's Worst Military Disaster? “Tell Joe, wherever he is, to give ’em hell for us,” said the radio signal.

Japan's Conquest of the Philippines: America's Worst Military Disaster?

“My love to you all. God bless you and keep you. Sign my name, and tell mother how you heard from me. Stand by.” And then there was silence. Watch the Destruction of Pompeii by Mount Vesuvius. An ornate Roman fresco has been discovered during archaeological fieldwork for a new office development at 21 Lime Street in London.

Watch the Destruction of Pompeii by Mount Vesuvius

The fresco, dating from the late 1st Century AD was uncovered 6 metres beneath street level and is one of the earliest surviving examples of frescos in Roman Britain. Although small fragments of Roman wall plaster material have previously been discovered on previous excavations and construction projects, complete collapsed wall paintings are extremely rare. The fresco design is unlike any previously seen in Britain, examples that bare some correlation come from a Roman Villa in Colgne, Germany.

The fragile remains, surviving face down measures a width of 2.5 metres and a height of over 1.5 metres and were preserved thanks to a roman building boom in AD100. During this period, buildings were flattened in preparation for the 2nd Forum Basilica construction. “The painting is likely to have decorated a reception room where guests were greeted and entertained. The Israel-Palestine conflict: a 10-minute history. You'll see here that there are two mostly distinct chapters to this conflict: first, the Israel-Arab conflict, and second, the smaller but much tougher Israel-Palestine conflict.

The Israel-Palestine conflict: a 10-minute history

That first chapter begins not with religion but with two secular nationalist causes that collided: Arab independence movements following the end of colonialism, and Zionism, in which long-persecuted Jews sought a nation of their own in their historic homeland. This collision, at its most basic level, was about two groups of people who saw the same piece of land as rightfully theirs. The world tried to solve this problem in 1947 with a United Nations plan to divide British-ruled Palestine into two distinct countries. But in 1948 that plan turned into a war between the newly declared state of Israel and its Arab neighbors, who saw the plan as colonial theft. For decades, that war persisted as the Arab-Israeli conflict. Salem Witch Trials Execution Site Found, And It's Behind A Walgreens. Old Photographs of Blizzards Show The Eternal Misery–And Majesty–of Winter.

A snowstorm in Boston, c. 1930, captured by news photographer Leslie Jones.

Old Photographs of Blizzards Show The Eternal Misery–And Majesty–of Winter

(Photo: Courtesy of the Boston Public Library/Leslie Jones Collection) On Valentine’s Day in 1940, Boston was hit with a colossal blizzard. The snow fell at over an inch per hour, amid gale force winds. Vast snowdrifts disabled the city’s transport network. Weathercasters had only predicted a mix of rain and snow, but as the storm descended, office workers had to fight their ways home in heels and wingtips.

Photographer Leslie Jones, who worked for the Boston Herald-Traveler from 1917 to 1956, captured much extreme weather during his 39 year tenure in Boston, including the Valentine’s Day storm. Stranger than Strangelove: how the US planned for nuclear war in the 1950s. Those who have written about the nuclear Cold War remain grateful to Stanley Kubrick for giving us the satirical 1964 film Dr Strangelove which captures the madness that swept the world for 40 years.

Stranger than Strangelove: how the US planned for nuclear war in the 1950s

The name Strangelove may be overused but the United States has now released a secret file that really does justify the sobriquet: “Stranger than Strangelove”. Almost anodyne in title, Atomic Weapons Requirements Study for 1959 is a truly shocking document, revealing the scale of the holocaust that would have been unleashed in a nuclear war. But a little context first. Back in 2006, the journalist Michael Dobbs filed requests for the declassification of many Pentagon Cold War documents. Dobbs optimistically hoped these documents would illuminate his book on the Cuban Missile Crisis. Meanwhile, Strategic Air Command (SAC) wanted a 60-megaton bomb – a weapon with the equivalent destructive power of over 4,000 Hiroshima devices. Nightmare scenario. Scientists Peg Anthropocene to First Farmers. 99 Shares Share Tweet Email.

Scientists Peg Anthropocene to First Farmers

Caffeinated 'Vomit Drink' Nauseated North America's First City. Caffeine-loaded black drinks apparently dominated the heartland of America earlier than once thought — a beverage neither coffee nor cola, but instead brewed from holly leaves, researchers say.

Caffeinated 'Vomit Drink' Nauseated North America's First City

The ancient people may have downed the brew before ritual vomiting as part of purification ceremonies, the scientists added. The discovery was made after investigating artifacts from Cahokia, "North America's first city," researcher Thomas Emerson, the director of the Illinois State Archaeological Survey, told LiveScience. Cahokia existed near the confluence of the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers from about 1050 to 1350 in what is now in St. Louis, East St. Louis and the surrounding five counties, and inspired short-lived settlements as far away as Wisconsin. Waco siege. Ruby Ridge. Ruby Ridge was the site of a deadly confrontation and siege in northern Idaho in 1992 between Randy Weaver, his family, and his friend Kevin Harris and agents of the United States Marshals Service (USMS) and Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).

Ruby Ridge

The events resulted in the death of Weaver's son Sammy, his wife Vicki, and Deputy U.S. Marshal William Francis Degan. At the subsequent federal criminal trial of Weaver and Harris, Weaver's attorney Gerry Spence made accusations of "criminal wrongdoing" against every agency involved in the incident: the FBI, the USMS, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF), and the United States Attorney's Office (USAO) for Idaho. At the completion of the trial, the Department of Justice's Office of Professional Responsibility formed a Ruby Ridge Task Force to investigate Spence's charges. The 1994 task force report was released in redacted form by Lexis Counsel Connect, an information service for attorneys. Development[edit] ATF involvement[edit] Reaganism and the rise of the carceral state. In the moment of Black Lives Matter, with public awareness of mass incarceration and lethal force by police reaching new heights, it’s important to look back on the racial dimension of what I call “the Reagan era” and how that politics led us to where we are now.

Reaganism and the rise of the carceral state

Today’s carceral state has its roots in the “war on crime” that took hold in America in the 1980s. That “war” was led by the political forces that I associate with Reaganism, a conservative political formation that generally favored a rollback of state power. A notable exception to this rule was policing and imprisonment. Long-Hidden Details Reveal Cruelty of 1972 Munich Attackers. Photo In September 1992, two Israeli widows went to the home of their lawyer. When the women arrived, the lawyer told them that he had received some photographs during his recent trip to Munich but that he did not think they should view them.

When they insisted, he urged them to let him call a doctor who could be present when they did. Ilana Romano and Ankie Spitzer, whose husbands were among the Israeli athletes held hostage and killed by Palestinian terrorists at the 1972 Olympics in Munich, rejected that request, too. The Reagan Administration’s Unearthed Response to the AIDS Crisis Is C. A new short film, When AIDS Was Funny, unearths never-before-heard audio reaction to the escalating AIDS crisis. One of the most prominent stains on the reputation of the much-mythologized Reagan administration was its response, or lack of response, to the AIDS crisis as it began to ravage American cities in the early and mid-1980s. President Reagan famously (though, not famously enough) didn’t himself publicly mention AIDS until 1985, when more than 5,000 people, most of them gay men, had already been killed by the disease.

Filmmaker Scott Calonico’s new documentary short, When AIDS Was Funny, exclusively debuting on VF.com, shows how the Reagan administration reacted to the mounting problem in chilling fashion. Turkey-NATO Crisis Sets The Scene For New European ‘EU Army’ By Patrick Henningsen Source: 21st Century Wire They say there are no coincidences in politics and foreign affairs. Less than 72 hours after Turkey shot down a Russian fighter inside of Syrian airspace, moves are already afoot to increase the role of Europe in Syria. Germany has now joined the party this week by revealing its intention to deploy ground troops in the fight against ISIS. Angela Merkel’s government announced its plan to send 100 Bundeswehr Special Forces into Northern Iraq to support of the Kurdish Peshmerga forces.

Britain is not far behind either, as David Cameron intensifies his lobbying efforts to get his country into the war in Syria. We still think like ancient Romans: “The clash between the demands of homeland security and rights of the individual? We haven’t solved that” Cambridge University classics scholar, outspoken feminist, slayer of Internet trolls — Mary Beard is a genuine heroine in the United Kingdom. Her new book, “SPQR: A History of Ancient Rome” begins with a dusty village on the Tiber, debunks Romulus and Remus, looks closely at Cicero, moves through the period of growth and conquest, spends a chapter on the empire’s early heyday under Augustus, touches down on the weirdness of Nero and Caligula, and quits before things get really bad.

The book’s cryptic title – “the senate and people of Rome” – should not scare off readers interested in a smart, accessible, argumentative history written with great clarity. “In some ways to explore the ancient Rome from the 21st century is rather like walking on a tightrope, a very careful balancing act,” she writes. Salon spoke to Beard from her home in Cambridge, England. How Humans Went From Hissing Like Geese To Flipping The Bird. Disaffected teens in Berlin carry on a storied tradition.

(Photo: Sascha Kohlmann/Flickr) It usually takes two hands to type out a message. London’s Plague Pits Map Shows Where the Black Death Got Buried. Man Donates Grandfather's Racist WWII Letters. Peter Van Buren, The Great War in the Middle East. The Unanswerable Questions of Jonestown. November 18th will mark the 37th anniversary of what has become known as “Jonestown,” where 918 members of the Peoples Temple—a religious cult that originally formed in 1950’s Indiana, before moving to California, and ultimately to Guyana, Africa—were left dead, most through willfully drinking cyanide-laced, grape-flavored Kool Aid.

Heldt090300. September 3, 2000. Studio Musicians and 1960s Popular Music Industry. Commemoration of WWII casualties in Belarus. Why doesn't Russia make a big deal about its role in liberating Nazi Holocaust death camps? Diary of Soviet ambassador to London rewrites history of World War II. Stalin’s terror and purges of the 1930s discouraged any Soviet official from putting a pen to paper, let alone keep a personal diary. Child At 9/11 Memorial Service Sternly Reminded We Are Sad Today. Sects, witches, and wizards-from Pythagoreans to Kepler. The Verdict is in: Guess Who's The Worst President in US History? Did Nazis really try to make zombies? The real history behind one of our weirdest WWII obsessions. The Great Dictator (1940) - Charlie Chaplin - Final Speech.

Two Centuries Of Restaurant Menus Reveal New York's Evolving Culinary & Cultural History. Next time someone says the Civil War wasn’t about slavery, show them this. Five myths about why the South seceded. American imperialists are deluding themselves: Henry Kissinger, George W. Bush and the end of U.S. hegemony. Jaw-Dropping Visualization Will Give You New Respect For The Sheer Number Who Died In WWII. Anatoly S. Chernyaev Diary, 1975. Lawsuit Won for David Greenglass Testimony. Things That Are Not In the U.S. Constitution. The rape of Berlin - BBC News. Mississippi hurting: lynching, murder, and the judge.

Timothy Leary and Marshall McLuhan, turned on and tuned in. The Worst Shark Attack in History. Lost WWII battlefield found -– war dead included. The Moral-Hazard Myth. Culture - Altamont at 45: The most dangerous rock concert. The Whiskey Wars That Left Brooklyn in Ruins. Berlin Wall Anniversary Reading List. The Fall of the Berlin Wall, 25th Anniversary. 10 Great Escapes Across The Berlin Wall. The Eastland Disaster Killed More Passengers Than the Titanic and the Lusitania. Why Has It Been Forgotten? Sgp/library/mdhist-vol14.pdf. The Lying Stones of Dr. Beringer, 1725.

Jon Stewart Blows The Lid Off Reagan's 'Immediate' Response To Russian Crisis. The October Surprise Was Real. Death Cards - Psychological Operations. A virtual journey in the footsteps of Zebulon Pike. 250 years since the contract that changed American history. A short history of Polish Jewish tavernkeeping. Native Intelligence. Nunn-Lugar Revisited. AARC - Assassination Archives and Research Center.

World War II in Europe: Every Day. Operation Munchkin: Nazi plan to breed giant Angora rabbits for clothes. List of recessions in the United States. Timeline of United States military operations. In the Chambers of the Secret Courts. '90s aversion: Americans' bizarre and inexplicable aversion to the best decade. Why Didn't Japan Find the Americas First? Www.gwu.edu/sites/www.gwu.edu/files/downloads/U2 history complete.pdf. Royal Navy deployed laser weapons during the Falklands War. Hiroshima, Nagasaki and the Big Historical Lie. Fork and knife use: Americans need to stop cutting and switching. Florida fun facts: Carabelle, Cassadega, alligators, furries, crime, and corruption. Collection:wwIIarchive AND subject:"American forces in action series" The Lyndon Johnson tapes: Richard Nixon's 'treason'. 'His Horse Was Named Death' - An FP Slideshow. The Shooter.

The Zero Dark Thirty File. Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan Was Not a Grand Design But a Grand Entanglement Resulting from Faulty Intelligence, Excessive Secrecy, and a Paralyzed Leadership, According to Conference of Former Decision-Makers. Lifting the Veil on Colombia's "Emerald Czar" USS Boxer (CV-21) Norwegian Vikings grew hemp. U.S. Had Plans for "Full Nuclear Response" In Event President Killed or Disappeared during an Attack on the United States. 11 Secret Documents Americans Deserve to See. The Real Thomas Jefferson. 3,500 Year-Old Historical Monument Destroyed by Morons. Obama Myanmar Trip: Asia Visit Takes President Into Time Warp. 'Troubling' Surveillance Before Benghazi Attack - By Harald Doornbos and Jenan Moussa. Gulf of Tonkin incident.

Götz von Berlichingen. Vikings' Barbaric Bad Rap Beginning to Fade. Evidence of Viking Outpost Found in Canada. Picts. Our Leningrad. Julius Caesar Stabbing Site Pinpointed In Rome. Space Satellites As Humanity’s Final Monuments. A Harrowing Firsthand Account Of The Attack In Libya. WikiSpooks Home.