Human Nature and the Purpose of Existence Written by: Nancy Khalek One of the most salient features of Sunni Islam is its emphasis on following and adhering to the custom and traditions of the Prophet (the Sunna). An essential aspect of this adherence is the emulation of Muhammad in everyday life. This, in part, is based on the general Islamic view that Muhammad represented the epitome of good character, that he was, in fact, sent as a prophet in order to teach people how to perfect their character. The idea of the Prophet as a model for behavior, ritual and otherwise, is an important part of Sunni devotion. Aside from the basic tenets to which all Muslim denominations subscribe, Sunnis prioritize cultivating a relationship with Muhammad as a guide for certain aspects of behavior based on the Sunna.
Judaism 101 Where to Start There are over eighty web pages on this site, comprising over 300 pages of text, a virtual book of information on Judaism. That's a lot of information! Islam Origins, Islam History, Islam Beliefs Islam is a monotheistic religious tradition that developed in the Middle East in the 7th century C.E. Islam, which literally means "surrender" or "submission," was founded on the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad as an expression of surrender to the will of Allah, the creator and sustainer of the world. The Quran, the sacred text of Islam, contains the teachings of the Prophet that were revealed to him from Allah. Essential to Islam is the belief that Allah is the one and true God with no partner or equal. Islam has several branches and much variety within those branches. The two divisions within the tradition are the Sunni and Shi'a, each of which claims different means of maintaining religious authority.
BBC - My Faith: Hinduism My journey to finally becoming a Yogi or monk in the 'Sanatana Dharma' (Hindu) tradition, commenced late in 1968, when I started attending classes in Buddhist meditation and philosophy in London. I went on to train with various teachers in the Buddhist tradition, spending a short time as a samanera or novice monk in the Thai Buddhist tradition, and finally, in 1983, ordaining as a monk in the Zen tradition. All through my practice and training, there had always been something missing, although I couldn't put my finger on it. Then by chance, while on retreat in Darjeeling, in 2001, I picked up a copy of the Hindu text, the Bhagavad-Gita. Reading this changed everything, as I discovered what had been missing in my personal spiritual practice. I went on to investigate the various schools of thought within the Hindu tradition, and also made another six trips to India, until finally in 2006, after much deliberation, decided to formally embrace the Hindu tradition.
Internet History Sourcebooks Project The History of the Sephardic Communities The New World Diaspora General 19th Century WEB Walnut Street 19th Century Jewish-American history, poetry and fiction, polemics and philosophy. Has an online library of 19th century Jewish books. WEB Jews in the Civil War Contains an impressive collection of original texts from both Union and Confederate sides. Texts of Islam Sacred-texts home Journal Articles: Islam OCRT: Islam Buy CD-ROM Buy books about Islam Qur'an Hadith Sufi Texts Islamic History and Culture Islamic Date Qur'an The Qur'an is the primary text of Islam, revealed to the Prophet Muhammed beginning in the year 610 C.E. It was canonicalized between 644 and 656. The Qur'an is required reading for anyone who wants to understand Islam.
What Is a Worldview? by James Sire [Editor's Note: The following is adapted from the introduction of James Sire's book The Universe Next Door, Fifth Edition. Used by permission of InterVarsity Press PO Box 1400 Downers Grove, IL 60515. Few people have anything approaching an articulate philosophy—at least as epitomized by the great philosophers. Even fewer, I suspect, have a carefully constructed theology. But everyone has a worldview. Whenever any of us thinks about anything—from a casual thought (Where did I leave my watch?) Major religious groups The world's principal religions and spiritual traditions may be classified into a small number of major groups, although this is by no means a uniform practice. This theory began in the 18th century with the goal of recognizing the relative levels of civility in societies. History of religious categories An 1821 map of the world, where "Christians, Mahometans, and Pagans" correspond to levels of civilization (The map makes no distinction between Buddhism and Hinduism).
Islam Muslim: Islamic Religion, History, Beliefs. Quran / Koran, Mohammed Quotes There is no god but God; Muhammad is the messenger of God. Allah has revealed to me that you should adopt humility so that no one oppresses another. (Riyadh-us-Salaheen, Hadith 1589) Even as the fingers of the two hands are equal, so are human beings equal to one another. No one has any right, nor any preference to claim over another.
Indigenous Religions - World Religions Reference Library The word indigenous refers to anything that is native to a particular geographical region. This includes people, cultures, languages, or species of plants or animals. The Aborigines of Australia, for example, are an indigenous people, in contrast to the European settlers who arrived on the continent long after. Similarly, American Indians are the indigenous peoples of North America. A synonym often used for indigenous is "native," but the word native in connection with peoples and their cultures is potentially offensive. 5 Major World Religions - See What These Different Religions Believe about God By Marilyn Adamson We all want to make it through life with success, some sense that we did it right. So what about the major world religions?
Sufism, Sufis, and Sufi Orders: Sufism's Many Paths Sufism's Many PathsDr. Alan Godlas, University of Georgia Sufism or tasawwuf, as it is called in Arabic, is generally understood by scholars and Sufis to be the inner, mystical, or psycho-spiritual dimension of Islam. Today, however, many Muslims and non-Muslims believe that Sufism is outside the sphere of Islam. Nevertheless, Seyyed Hossein Nasr, one of the foremost scholars of Islam, in his article The Interior Life in Islam contends that Sufism is simply the name for the inner or esoteric dimension of Islam. After nearly 30 years of the study of Sufism, I would say that in spite of its many variations and voluminous expressions, the essence of Sufi practice is quite simple.
Nihilism Nihilism is the belief that all values are baseless and that nothing can be known or communicated. It is often associated with extreme pessimism and a radical skepticism that condemns existence. A true nihilist would believe in nothing, have no loyalties, and no purpose other than, perhaps, an impulse to destroy. While few philosophers would claim to be nihilists, nihilism is most often associated with Friedrich Nietzsche who argued that its corrosive effects would eventually destroy all moral, religious, and metaphysical convictions and precipitate the greatest crisis in human history.