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"Vulcan" has big lead in bid to name Pluto's newly discovered moons

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New Horizons Web Site The computer-generated images below are simulated views of New Horizons' location in the solar system. The images were created using the Satellite Tool Kit (STK) software, which was developed by Analytical Graphics, Inc. Images are updated every hour. Click here to follow New Horizons as it passes each planet's orbit, starting with our own Moon. Full Trajectory: Overhead View This image shows New Horizons' current position along its full planned trajectory. Full Trajectory - Side View This image shows New Horizons' current position along its full planned trajectory. Hiding true self at work can result in less job satisfaction, greater turnover Hiding your true social identity -- race and ethnicity, gender, age, religion, sexual orientation or a disability -- at work can result in decreased job satisfaction and increased turnover, according to a new study from Rice University, the University of Houston and George Mason University. "The workplace is becoming a much more diverse place, but there are still some individuals who have difficulty embracing what makes them different, especially while on the job," said Michelle Hebl, Rice professor of psychology and co-author of "Bringing Social Identity to Work: The Influence of Manifestation and Suppression on Perceived Discrimination, Job Satisfaction and Turnover Intentions." The paper appears in the Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology journal. The study examined the behavior of 211 working adults in an online survey and measured factors such as identity, perceived discrimination, job satisfaction and turnover intentions.

India's Great Middle-Class Moment - Nitin Pai - International After decades on the sidelines, the growing ranks of Middle India are starting to find their voice. But can the political system respond? Supporters of Anna Hazare celebrate the end of his fast / Reuters NEW DELHI, India -- What should the world make of the remarkable political churning in India this year? Parallels with an "Arab Spring" in India don't fit, not least because we last did that kind of anti-regime business in August 1942, when Indian nationalists mobilized non-violent protests to get the British to quit India. India's political churning this year probably heralds a new phase in Indian politics, with the urban middle-class joining the political process. The mainstream political parties missed the plot entirely. For the Middle Indian, stalled reform, cynical manipulation of constitutional institutions by the UPA government, and the entrenchment of an entitlement economy all meant inflation, corruption, and insecurity. Where does India go from here?

A Pyrrhic victory at the Supreme Court as Obamacare becomes Obamatax By Toby Harnden PUBLISHED: 07:51 GMT, 29 June 2012 | UPDATED: 07:55 GMT, 29 June 2012 Barack Obama was the clear winner in the Supreme Court’s dramatic five to four decision over the Orwellian-named Affordable Care Act – better known as Obamacare on both Right and Left. The bottom line is that Obama looked like he was about to have the signature legislative achievement of his term struck down as unconstitutional. But Chief Justice John Roberts’s majority opinion contains a sting in the tail that could well spell real danger for Obama in his November re-election bid. Victory: The U.S. As he rammed his bill through Congress without a single Republican vote, Obama argued strenuously that fines levied for not taking out health insurance were not a tax. In September 2009, Obama told ABC News: ‘For us to say that you’ve got to take a responsibility to get health insurance is absolutely not a tax increase. Well, the Supreme Court does. Nearly two-thirds of Americans do not like Obamacare.

Mendel-GPU: haplotyping and genotype imputation on graphics processing units + Author Affiliations ↵*To whom correspondence should be addressed Received June 2, 2012. Revision received August 6, 2012. Accepted August 24, 2012. Motivation: In modern sequencing studies, one can improve the confidence of genotype calls by phasing haplotypes using information from an external reference panel of fully typed unrelated individuals. However, the computational demands are so high that they prohibit researchers with limited computational resources from haplotyping large-scale sequence data. Results: Our graphics processing unit based software delivers haplotyping and imputation accuracies comparable to competing programs at a fraction of the computational cost and peak memory demand. Availability: Mendel-GPU, our OpenCL software, runs on Linux platforms and is portable across AMD and nVidia GPUs. Contact: gary.k.chen@usc.edu Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

Laurel's Pluto Blog One Donor Ponied Up 35 Percent of Crossroads GPS's 2011 Haul Talk about a mega-donor. Of the $28.4 million in donations banked in 2011 by Republican outside money group Crossroads GPS, a whopping $10 million of it came from just one donor. That's 35 percent. From one person, or one corporation. Crossroads GPS, which does not disclose its donors, is the brainchild of GOP political mastermind Karl Rove. Crossroads has repeatedly insisted its activities are perfectly legal, and the IRS has not given any clear indication that it is investigating the group. Here's more on Crossroads' money from Bloomberg: Crossroads said it took in $77 million from June 1, 2010, through Dec. 31, 2011. What will India look like in 2025? What will India, and the other South Asian countries, look like in 2025? There are two contrasting views on this, the optimistic and the pessimistic. The optimistic outlook is that India will achieve double-digit growth rates (Buiter and Rahbari 2011). South Asia too will experience strong growth, primarily due to India. The pessimistic outlook is that growth will be derailed by many transformational challenges the region faces. The optimistic outlook is based on the favourable structural trends including improved governance, the demographic dividend, the rise of the middle class, and the new faces of globalisation. All countries in the region have an elected government for the first time since independence. While China’s spectacular growth has already benefitted from demographic dividend, India is yet to do so (Figure 1). A massive shift towards a middle class society is already in the making. Figure 1. Source: World Development Indicators, 2010. Table 1. Source: Kharas (2011) Figure 2.

‘The Queen of Versailles’ almost makes you feel sorry for the 1%. Almost. Jackie Siegel in front of her family’s 26,000-square-foot home. (Photo courtesy of Lauren Greenfield/Magnolia Pictures.) In 2007, Jackie and David Siegel were “bursting out of the seams” of their old house. At 26,000 square feet, it felt too cozy for their eight-kid family and their extravagant lifestyle. They were ready to upgrade. So they started building their dream home: a 90,000-square-foot behemoth, inspired by the palace of Versailles, that would include 30 bathrooms, 10 kitchens, two tennis courts, a bowling alley, a skating rink, a sushi bar, and $5 million worth of marble — you know, the essentials. Around the same time, photographer Lauren Greenfield met Jackie Siegel at a party for Donatella Versace while Greenfield was working on a project about wealth and consumerism. The Siegels’ story represented this phenomenon at its most extreme, a supersized version of the same vision chased by Americans of all income levels. David and Jackie. You disagree?

Rare Mutation Triples Risk of Alzheimer's A mutation found in about one in 200 Icelanders older than 85 raised the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease threefold, researchers said. The mutation, in an immunoregulatory gene known as TREM2, was more common in Alzheimer's disease patients than in the general 85-and-older population in Iceland with an odds ratio of 2.91 (95% CI 2.09 to 4.09, P=3.42×10-10), reported Kari Stefansson, MD, PhD, of deCode Genetics in Reykjavik, Iceland, and colleagues. Because of the gene's function within the central nervous system, the mutation "may lead to an increased predisposition to Alzheimer's disease through impaired containment of inflammatory processes," the researchers wrote online in the New England Journal of Medicine. Such processes have been implicated in Alzheimer's disease previously, they noted. They then compared frequencies of such variants in 3,550 individuals with Alzheimer's disease versus 110,050 individuals from the general Icelandic population. false

Kerberos and Styx: Pluto’s Two Recently Discovered Moons Get Official Names | Space Exploration The International Astronomical Union announced yesterday that the names Kerberos and Styx have officially been recognized for the fourth and fifth moons of Pluto, previously referred to as P4 and P5. This Hubble image shows five moons orbiting Pluto (NASA / ESA / M. Showalter, SETI Institute) P4 and P5 were discovered in 2011 and 2012, during observations of the Pluto system made with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope. Kerberos lies between the orbits of Nix and Hydra, two bigger moons discovered by Hubble in 2005, and Styx lies between Charon, the innermost and biggest moon, and Nix. Kerberos has an estimated diameter of 8 to 21 miles (13 – 34 km), and Styx is thought to be irregular in shape and is 6 to 16 miles (10 – 25 km) across. After the discovery, Dr Mark Showalter of SETI Institute, the leader of the research team, decided to call for a public vote to suggest names for P4 and P5.

Washington's Blog - Business, Investing, Economy, Politics, World News, Energy, Environment, Science, Technology Reforms Needed For India to Reach Potential of Double Digit GDP Growth Baker Institute - Limits of the Jugaad Growth Model: No Workaround to Good Governance for India (12 pages) Indian industry has gained fame in management circles for jugaad, or persevering despite limited resources. This skill has proven particularly important in overcoming inadequate public services. However, the economy appears to have reached the limit of using jugaad in the place of good government, suggesting a lower growth trajectory in the absence of a major improvement in political dynamics. India’s economy performed exceedingly well in the past decade, averaging an impressive 7.8% growth across 10 years, even sustaining 5% growth during the peak of the financial crisis. A common refrain holds that growth occurred “despite the government,” requiring India’s celebrated expertise in jugaad, or creative workarounds to poor resources. India already faces peak power shortages of nearly 10%, despite an impressive amount of new generation capacity coming online this year and next.

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