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Veille sanitaire Cadmium en France et en Europe

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(6), 564; Evaluation of the Dietary Intake of Cadmium, Lead and Mercury and Its Relationship with Bone Health among Postmenopausal Women in Spain. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question P-001120-17 Limite pour le cadmium dans les engrais phosphatés. The Commission has published two impact assessments to accompany its proposal for a regulation laying down rules on the availability on the market of CE marked fertilising products and amending Regulations (EC) No 1069/2009 and (EC) No 1107/2009.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question P-001120-17 Limite pour le cadmium dans les engrais phosphatés

The impact assessment relating specifically to cadmium limits for phosphate fertilisers (SWD (2016)0064, Part 2.2), refers to the national limits currently in force for such fertilisers and states that those limits are set out in Annex I. It would seem, however, that the information in that annex is incorrect. For example, the limit for mineral fertilisers in France is 90 mg/kg P2O5 (French standard NFU 42-001-1). 1. Could the Commission confirm that the value for France is incorrect? 2. 3. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-006620-16 Ban on cadmium in electric and electrical equipment. Directive 2002/95/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 2003 on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment has restricted the use of six substances since 1 July 2016.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-006620-16 Ban on cadmium in electric and electrical equipment

The toxic properties of cadmium have always been extremely well documented and that is why it is included within the scope of the directive. Cadmium has been covered by an exemption (No 39 in Annex III), the reintroduction of which was opposed by Parliament by a large majority on 20 May 2015. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question P-004667-16 Revision of the directive concerning ceramic articles intended to come into contact with foodstuffs (Council Directive 84/500/EEC of 15 October 1984) The Commission is currently planning a revision of the directive concerning ceramic articles, regulating the composition of such articles intended to come into contact with foodstuffs.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question P-004667-16 Revision of the directive concerning ceramic articles intended to come into contact with foodstuffs (Council Directive 84/500/EEC of 15 October 1984)

The directive lays down limit values, inter alia for heavy metals such as lead and cadmium. The plan is to reduce these limit values from the current figure of 4 mg/litre to 10 μg/litre for lead, and from 0.3 mg/litre to 5 μg/litre for cadmium. DG SANCO 04/12/15 Final Opinion on new conclusions on future trends of cadmium accumulation in EU arable soils. Public Health (04-12-2015) Final Opinion on new conclusions on future trends of cadmium accumulation in EU arable soils The European Commission and its non-food Scientific Committee on Health and Environmental Risks (SCHER) have published the final Opinion giving new conclusions on future trends of cadmium accumulation in EU arable soils.

DG SANCO 04/12/15 Final Opinion on new conclusions on future trends of cadmium accumulation in EU arable soils

As the last Opinion1 on this topic was adopted in 2002, the Commission asked the SCHER to look at new scientific information and assess whether it would warrant an update of 2002 Opinion. The SCHER concludes that robust new scientific information does warrant an update of the 2002 Opinion, particularly given the lower concentrations of cadmium in soil as compared with the higher levels upon which the 2002 Opinion was based. The Opinion is available here. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-012364-15 La Commission autorise-t-elle le cadmium? Récemment, la Commission a décidé de lancer une énième évaluation de son projet de prolongation de l'utilisation du cadmium dans les écrans de télévisions.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-012364-15 La Commission autorise-t-elle le cadmium?

Cette nouvelle étude permettrait de prolonger l'autorisation de ce métal durant, encore, 4 années. Or, en mai dernier, le Parlement, se prononçant sur l'utilisation du cadmium, s'était opposé à sa réintroduction. Force est de constater que la Commission n'a pas pris en considération la décision du Parlement et propose de maintenir ouvert le processus d'exemption. Il serait peut-être essentiel de rappeler que le cadmium est l'un des métaux les plus toxiques, nocifs et carcinogènes et qu'il peut être remplacé par d'autres alternatives tout aussi efficaces. 1. 2. The British journal of nutrition 06/2014; Higher antioxidant and lower cadmium concentrations and lower incidence of pesticide residues in organically grown crops: a systematic literature review and meta-analyses.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-008433-15 Neurotoxic effects of cadmium exposure on children in Huelva. A study carried out by the Andalusian School of Public Health (EASP), analysing the hair and urine of 261 pupils from 13 randomly‐selected schools in the Spanish province of Huelva (in seven different towns, some located close to the suspected source of pollution in the area surrounding the industrial estates of Punta del Sebo and Tartessos), has found that cadmium exposure is associated with cognitive impairment in children.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-008433-15 Neurotoxic effects of cadmium exposure on children in Huelva

Researchers from the University of Huelva have calculated that, in this part of Huelva, this heavy metal is present at levels 100 times higher than average. In order to look into the matter more thoroughly, the Spanish Society of Epidemiology has proposed to carry out a biomonitoring study on Huelva residents. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007430-15 Dangerosité du cadmium. La directive 2011/65/UE relève le seuil de dangerosité du cadmium en fixant son taux par poids de matière homogène à 0,01 %, soit dix fois moins que les cinq autres substances évaluées.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007430-15 Dangerosité du cadmium

Pourtant, l'acte délégué de la Commission européenne du 30 janvier 2015 prévoit son autorisation dans la technologie des points quantiques jusqu'en juin 2018. Compte tenu de la haute toxicité du cadmium, cette mesure relève d'une grande irresponsabilité face au devoir de l'Union de préserver la santé humaine et l'environnement. D'ores et déjà, des alternatives existent et apparaissent comme bien moins risquées. Elles résultent de longues recherches menées par des entreprises, lesquelles pourraient se voir sanctionnées pour avoir suivi une logique écologique et plus respectueuse de la santé des consommateurs. 1. VKM_NO 15/06/15 Risk assessment of dietary cadmium exposure in the Norwegian population. The Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food Safety (VKM) has at the request of the Norwegian Food Safety Authority conducted a risk assessment dietary cadmium exposure in the Norwegian population.

VKM_NO 15/06/15 Risk assessment of dietary cadmium exposure in the Norwegian population

The Norwegian Food Safety Authority intends to use the risk assessment as a basis for the Norwegian contribution to the ongoing legislative work in the EU and to consider the necessity to adjust the existing national dietary advices or to issue new ones. VKM concludes that it can be expected that cadmium exposure among adults in Norway is within the range previously identified by EFSA, and close to the exposure estimated for Sweden.

Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 07/2014 PBPK and population modelling to interpret urine cadmium concentrations of the French population. NIFES 08/06/08 Cadmium and lead in bivalves – importance for food safety. IFREMER - 1992 - Monitoring of pollutant biochemical effects on marine organisms of the French coasts.

Cadmium dans l'Aveyron

Environmental Sciences Europe 2011, 23:19 Mapping atmospheric depositions of cadmium and lead in Germany based on EMEP depositio.

Environmental Sciences Europe 2011, 23:19 Mapping atmospheric depositions of cadmium and lead in Germany based on EMEP deposition data and the European Moss Survey 2005 – guatemalt

DG SANCO 03/02/11 food safety - Food Contaminants - Heavy MetalsEFSA statement on tolerable weekly intake for cadmium - adopted. AESAN 30/11/11 Report of the Scientific Committee of the Spanish Agency for Food Safety and Nutrition (AESAN) in relation to the. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question: E-005799/2011 L'interdiction du cadmium et son impact sur les PME. EFSA Journal 2012;10(1):2551 Cadmium dietary exposure in the European population. ANSES 08/12/11 AVIS de l’Anses relatif à la révision des teneurs maximales en cadmium des denrées alimentaires destinés à l’homm.