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David Hume

David Hume
David Hume (/ˈhjuːm/; 7 May 1711 NS (26 April 1711 OS) – 25 August 1776) was a Scottish historian, philosopher, economist, diplomat and essayist known today especially for his radical philosophical empiricism and scepticism. His empirical approach places him with John Locke, George Berkeley, and a handful of others at the time as a British Empiricist.[4] Hume's compatibilist theory of free will proved extremely influential on subsequent moral philosophy. He was also a sentimentalist who held that ethics are based on feelings rather than abstract moral principles, and expounded the is–ought problem. Hume has proved extremely influential on subsequent western philosophy, especially on utilitarianism, logical positivism, William James, the philosophy of science, early analytic philosophy, cognitive philosophy, theology and other movements and thinkers. Biography[edit] Early life and education[edit] Career[edit] An engraving of Hume from the first volume of his The History of England, 1754

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WHAT DO PHILOSOPHERS BELIEVE? The Visual CV: in a career spanning half a century, Sir Tom Courtenay has gone from a new-wave warrior to a grand old man, via a fool or two (usually called Norman). Irving Wardle picks his best roles on stage and screen From INTELLIGENT LIFE magazine, January/February 2013 Jacques Claude Marie Vincent de Gournay Jacques Claude Marie Vincent de Gournay (French: [də ɡuʁnɛ]; 28 May 1712, Saint-Malo – 27 June 1759, Cádiz) was a French economist and intendant of commerce. He is said by some historians of economics to have coined the phrase laissez faire, laissez passer.[1] Together with François Quesnay, whose disciple he was,[1] he was a leader of the Physiocratic School. Gournay's father was Claude Vincent, a merchant in Saint-Malo as well as a secretary to the king.[2] Gournay didn't write much, but had a great influence on French economic thought through his conversations with many important theorists. He was instrumental in popularizing the work of Richard Cantillon in France.[3]

David Hume First published Mon Feb 26, 2001; substantive revision Fri May 15, 2009 The most important philosopher ever to write in English, David Hume (1711-1776) — the last of the great triumvirate of “British empiricists” — was also well-known in his own time as an historian and essayist. A master stylist in any genre, Hume's major philosophical works — A Treatise of Human Nature (1739-1740), the Enquiries concerning Human Understanding (1748) and concerning the Principles of Morals (1751), as well as the posthumously published Dialogues concerning Natural Religion (1779) — remain widely and deeply influential.

Lesson Plan for Making a Speaker Laboratory ©1995 The Regents of the University of California by Regan Lum Introduction: A speaker is a device that converts an electronic signal into sound. François Quesnay François Quesnay (French: [fʁɑ̃swa kɛnɛ]; June 4, 1694 – December 16, 1774) was a French economist of the Physiocratic school.[1] He is known for publishing the "Tableau économique" (Economic Table) in 1758, which provided the foundations of the ideas of the Physiocrats.[2] This was perhaps the first work to attempt to describe the workings of the economy in an analytical way, and as such can be viewed as one of the first important contributions to economic thought. His Le Despotisme de la Chine, written in 1767, describes Chinese politics and society, and his own political support for constitutional Oriental despotism.[3] Life[edit]

Hume, David  “Hume is our Politics, Hume is our Trade, Hume is our Philosophy, Hume is our Religion.” This statement by nineteenth century philosopher James Hutchison Stirling reflects the unique position in intellectual thought held by Scottish philosopher David Hume. Part of Hume’s fame and importance owes to his boldly skeptical approach to a range of philosophical subjects. 50 Life Secrets and Tips Memorize something everyday.Not only will this leave your brain sharp and your memory functioning, you will also have a huge library of quotes to bust out at any moment. Poetry, sayings and philosophies are your best options.Constantly try to reduce your attachment to possessions.Those who are heavy-set with material desires will have a lot of trouble when their things are taken away from them or lost. Possessions do end up owning you, not the other way around. Become a person of minimal needs and you will be much more content.Develop an endless curiosity about this world.Become an explorer and view the world as your jungle.

Adam Smith Adam Smith (16 June 1723 NS (5 June 1723 OS) – 17 July 1790) was a Scottish moral philosopher, pioneer of political economy, and key Scottish Enlightenment figure.[2] Smith is best known for two classic works: The Theory of Moral Sentiments (1759), and An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776). The latter, usually abbreviated as The Wealth of Nations, is considered his magnum opus and the first modern work of economics. Smith is cited as the "father of modern economics" and is still among the most influential thinkers in the field of economics today.[3] Smith studied social philosophy at the University of Glasgow and at Balliol College, Oxford, where he was one of the first students to benefit from scholarships set up by fellow Scot, John Snell. After graduating, he delivered a successful series of public lectures at Edinburgh, leading him to collaborate with David Hume during the Scottish Enlightenment.

David Hume - Scottish Enlightenment Interviewer: David Hume, in Edinburgh society, you are a “weel kent face” as a wit, a raconteur and a bohemian bon vivant. I would suggest that despite your own claims, this is the extent of your contribution to society. Hume: Beyond the confines of Edinburgh society, I am, as you describe me, a “very weel kent” face throughout the whole of Europe as a writer, economist, historian and philosopher. David Malet Armstrong Life and career[edit] After studying at the University of Sydney, Armstrong did a B.Phil at the University of Oxford and a Ph.D at the University of Melbourne. He taught at Birkbeck College in 1954–55, then at the University of Melbourne from 1956–63. In 1964, he became Challis Professor of Philosophy at the University of Sydney, where he stayed until his retirement in 1992. During his career, he was a visiting lecturer at a number of institutions including Yale, Stanford, the University of Notre Dame, the University of Texas at Austin and Franklin and Marshall College.[4]

Surprises in steel: The mystery behind Detroit entrepreneur's revolutionary Flash Bainite A Detroit entrepreneur surprised academics when he invented a heat-treatment that makes steel 7 percent stronger than any steel on record – in less than 10 seconds. That steel, now trademarked as Flash Bainite, has tested stronger and more shock-absorbing than the most common titanium alloys used by industry. Now Gary Cola is helping researchers at Ohio State University to better understand the science behind the new treatment, called flash processing.

Dudley North (economist) Sir Dudley North (1641-1691) Sir Dudley North (16 May 1641, in Westminster – 31 December 1691, in London) was an English merchant, politician and economist, a writer on free trade. He engaged in foreign trade, especially with Turkey, and spent a number of years at Constantinople and Smyrna. Deeper Understanding Oor wee toun o' Embra's been hame tae mony a great mind ower the years, an' nane greater than the 'eminence grice' that wis Davie Hume. Born up the Lawnmarket in 1711, this wee laddie wis sae unco bright an' sharp-mindit that he uptook a place at the University when he wis bare ten year-auld. Can ye imagine ony o' oor wee tykes fae the present day bein sae keen oan the learnin when they've got their X-boaxes an' their Nintendos tae amuse thersels wi? Ah cannae see it masel.