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A. H. Maslow (1943) A Theory of Human Motivation

A. H. Maslow (1943) A Theory of Human Motivation
Classics in the History of Psychology An internet resource developed byChristopher D. GreenYork University, Toronto, OntarioISSN 1492-3713 (Return to Classics index) A Theory of Human Motivation A. Originally Published in Psychological Review, 50, 370-396. Posted August 2000 [p. 370] I. In a previous paper (13) various propositions were presented which would have to be included in any theory of human motivation that could lay claim to being definitive. 1. The present paper is an attempt to formulate a positive theory of motivation which will satisfy these theoretical demands and at the same time conform to the known facts, clinical and observational as well as experimental. It is far easier to perceive and to criticize the aspects in motivation theory than to remedy them. The 'physiological' needs. -- The needs that are usually taken as the starting point for motivation theory are the so-called physiological drives. Undoubtedly these physiological needs are the most pre-potent of all needs.

Related:  Thesis - Exploration of Value

Fundamental human needs Human Needs and Human-scale Development,[1] developed by Manfred Max-Neef and others (Antonio Elizalde and Martin Hopenhayn), are seen as ontological (stemming from the condition of being human), are few, finite and classifiable (as distinct from the conventional notion of conventional economic "wants" that are infinite and insatiable).[2] They are also constant through all human cultures and across historical time periods. What changes over time and between cultures is the strategies by which these needs are satisfied. Human needs can be understood as a system - i.e. they are interrelated and interactive.

Engel's law According to Engel's law, the share of income spent on food decreases, even as total food expenditure rises Engel's law is an observation in economics stating that as income rises, the proportion of income spent on food falls, even if actual expenditure on food rises. In other words, the income elasticity of demand of food is between 0 and 1. Why Are Americans So Easy to Manipulate? (Image: Head gears via Shutterstock)What a fascinating thing! Total control of a living organism! — psychologist B.F.

Children with no shoes on 'do better in classroom', major study finds Children who learn with no shoes on are more likely to behave better and obtain good grades than peers with footwear, a decade-long study has revealed. Researchers at the University of Bournemouth found that pupils who leave their shoes outside the classroom are more likely to arrive to school earlier, leave later and read more widely – ultimately resulting in better academic achievement overall. From observing thousands of children from 25 countries over ten years, academics say they want to encourage the practice to be adopted in UK primary and secondary schools. There are already a number of schools in England where the policy has been implemented, following on from Scandinavian habits, where the practice is considered normal. As well as visiting schools in New Zealand and Australia for the project, researchers studied children’s attainment at a school in west London after the habit was introduced, analysing the pupils’ academic results all the way up through to university.

Energy hierarchy The Energy Hierarchy with the most favoured options at the top The Energy Hierarchy is a classification of energy options, prioritised to assist progress towards a more sustainable energy system. It is a similar approach to the waste hierarchy for minimising resource depletion, and adopts a parallel sequence. The highest priorities cover the prevention of unnecessary energy usage both through eliminating waste and improving energy efficiency. The sustainable production of energy resources is the next priority. Carl Jung Carl Gustav Jung (/jʊŋ/; German: [ˈkarl ˈɡʊstaf jʊŋ]; 26 July 1875 – 6 June 1961), often referred to as C. G. Jung, was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist who founded analytical psychology.[2]

Emotion and Decision Explanations > Emotions > Emotion and Decision Logical vs. emotional decision-making | Damasio's research| The point of decision | So what We make many decisions, and sometimes we are more or less logical about them. And it is arguable that all decision are, ultimately emotional. Logical vs. emotional decision-making Decision-making is a cognitive process where the outcome is a choice between alternatives.

School Belonging Consquences of Feeling a Sense of Belonging The term school belonging refers to students' subjective perception of being accepted and respected in their particular school setting. Some researchers have also examined the parallel perception in relation to specific classes; typically using the term class belonging.

Leonard Jimmie Savage Leonard Jimmie Savage (born Leonard Ogashevitz; 20 November 1917 – 1 November 1971) was an American mathematician and statistician. Nobel Prize-winning economist Milton Friedman said Savage was "one of the few people I have met whom I would unhesitatingly call a genius."[1]

New Curriculum Designed To Combat Suicide By Teaching Hope Photo credit: iFred A new curriculum designed by the International Foundation for Research and Education on Depression (iFred), Schools for Hope, was created based on research by The Ohio State University that suggests hope is a teachable skill — a vitally important aptitude because hopelessness is the leading symptom of depression and predictor of suicide. According to a recent study published in the Journal of Adolescent Health, one out of nine children self-reported a suicide attempt before graduating high school with 40 percent of those children in grade school.

14 Ways We Avoid Facing the Truth about Ourselves There are circumstances when we need to escape from our problems. A break from the pressures and troubles of our lives can refresh us and give us clarity. The problem arises when we do things to the point where we never face the truth about ourselves. To make things worse, we may select means of avoidance that are physically and/or psychologically damaging. In addition to activities being used to avoid facing the truth, they can also be extremely self-centered, self-gratifying, and spoiled child-like behavior. Here are the ways we avoid facing the truth about ourselves. Art valuation An art auction at Christies An art curator, Anne Pontégnie Historic valuation and contemporary art[edit] The source of a work's artistic charisma has long been debated between artists who create and patrons who enable, but the charismatic power of artworks on those who would possess them is historically the initial driver of value.[1][2] In the 1960s that charismatic power started edging over to accommodate commercialized culture and a new industry of art, when aesthetic value fell from prominence to parity with Pop art and Andy Warhol's idea of business art, a recognition that art has become a business and making money in business is an art.[3][4] One of many artists to follow Warhol is Jeff Koons, a stockbroker turned artist who also borrowed imagery from popular culture and made millions.[5][6]

The goosebumps test: Science has found the emotion you need to stay healthy - Association for Psychological Science Quartz: A link has long been proven between negative moods and ill health. But how do positive moods affect us physiologically? Researchers from the University of California, Berkeley, set out to discover exactly that when they tracked emotions such as compassion, joy, love, and so on versus the levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6)—a secretion which causes inflammation in the body—in the saliva of 119 university students. The researchers found that those who regularly have positive emotions have less IL-6—and they noticed the strongest correlation with one particular emotion.

Portrait of an INFJ As an INFJ, your primary mode of living is focused internally, where you take things in primarily via intuition. Your secondary mode is external, where you deal with things according to how you feel about them, or how they fit with your personal value system. INFJs are gentle, caring, complex and highly intuitive individuals.