Age of Discovery Archives - Ages of Exploration.
The Columbian Exchange, Native Americans and the Land, Nature Transformed, TeacherServe, National Humanities Center. (part 2 of 3)The contrast between the two sets of organisms, Old World and New World, those closely associated with humanity—crop plants, domesticated animals, germs, and weeds—was very sharp. The difference between the two lists of crops was, with the possible exception of cotton, absolute. (I am omitting dozens of not quite so important crops in these lists.) The difference between the two lists of domesticated animals is even more amazing.
They differ not only in content but in length. The Columbian Exchange: An Overview. The Columbian Exchange Summary & Analysis. Columbus: Discovery, Ecology and Conquest In 1492, Christopher Columbus and his crew of ragtag, starving, near-mutinous sailors washed ashore in the Bahamas, "discovering" the New World and claiming ownership of it for the Spanish monarchy.
The Taino Indians Columbus encountered—whose homeland he claimed for Spain—must have thought he was mad, suffering delusions of grandeur. But, as we know, Columbus's arrival was indeed the first act in a centuries-long drama of colonization and conquest in which Europeans and their descendents largely displaced the Taino and their fellow Indians while remaking the Western Hemisphere in their own image. How and why were the European colonists able to achieve such total dominance in far-off continents? Did the Europeans' power lie in their technological superiority, especially in weapons of war? Unequal Exchange: Food for Disease History as Demography Simple demographic numbers tell the story of the Columbian Exchange most starkly. FC81: Early voyages of Exploration (c.1400-1550) Introduction In 1400 A.D. Europeans probably knew less of the globe than they had during the Pax Romana. Outside of Europe and Mediterranean, little was known, with rumor and imagination filling the gaps.
Pictures of bizarre looking people with umbrella feet, faces in their stomachs, and dogs' heads illustrated books about lands to the East. Europeans also had many misconceptions about the planet outside their home waters. Factors favoring Europe However, about this time, European explorers started to lead the way in global exploration, timidly hugging the coasts at first, but gradually getting bolder and striking out across the open seas.
The rise of towns and trade along with the Crusades in the centuries preceding the age of exploration caused important changes in Europeans' mental outlook that would give them the incentive and confidence to launch voyages of exploration in three ways. Medieval religious fervor also played its part. Maps also left a lot to be desired. Age of Exploration | European Navigators Explore the New World. By the end of the 15th century many things were changing in Europe. The population started to grow more quickly and a new class of merchants emerged. They wanted to buy and sell expensive and valuable products from Asia—like gold, jewels and silk. In those days, people had no refrigerators to preserve their food.
They dried meat and often used salt to make it last longer. To make food taste better they used spices , like pepper or cinnamon. For centuries Europeans brought these goods on a land route from Asia over thousands of dangerous kilometres . As a result, some European countries, like Spain and Portugal, decided to find out if there was a sea route to India. Portuguese exploration At the end of the 15th century the Portuguese started to explore the west coast of Africa. In 1487 , the Portuguese explorer Bartholomeu Dias sailed around the southern part of the continent and got as far as the east coast of Africa, but a storm made him turn back. Christopher Columbus Timeline. Famous Explorers. HISTORY OF EXPLORATION. Christopher Columbus: Extracts from Journal. Christopher Columbus: Extracts from Journal Edited by: Robert Guisepi Discovery Of America Book: Appendix C Author: Fiske, John Date: 1892 His four voyages (1492-93, 1493-96, 1498-1500, and 1502-04) opened the way for European exploration, exploitation, and colonization.
Columbus was the eldest son of Domenico Colombo, a Genoese wool worker and small-time merchant, and Susanna Fontanarossa, his wife. The period between the quatercentenary celebrations of Columbus ' achievements in 1892-93 and the quincentenary ones of 1992 saw great advances in Columbus scholarship. Major written sources The majority of the surviving primary sources for Columbus were written to be read by other people. Further important material may be gleaned from the few books still extant from the admiral's own library. On his first voyage to the "Indies . " Direct material remains of Columbus ' travels are few. Early career and the first voyage Little is known of Columbus ' early life.
The second and third voyages. WWW-VL: History: United States History: Discovery and Exploration: America 1492-1700. The European Explorers. Internet History Sourcebooks. The Early Modern World See Main Page for a guide to all contents of all sections. Contents The Early Modern World System The European "Age of Discovery" South and South East Asia East Asia The Middle East: Ottomans and Safavids - Rivals of European Powers Africa Eastern Europe Becomes a Peripheral Area Mercantile Capitalism Reflections on the Trade and the New Economy The Early Modern World System The European "Age of Discovery" WEB See Discovers' Web [At Tue.nl] Includes a List of Online Primary Sources WEB See Columbus and the Age of Discovery A splendid, and searchable, collection of over 1100 text articles on Columbus and the encounter of two worlds WEB See Columbus Navigation Homepage With maps of the various voyages.
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