background preloader

Thesis info

Facebook Twitter

The Inquisition. The Inquisition was a Roman Catholic tribunal for discovery and punishment of heresy, which was marked by the severity of questioning and punishment and lack of rights afforded to the accused. While many people associate the Inquisition with Spain and Portugal, it was actually instituted by Pope Innocent III (1198-1216) in Rome.

A later pope, Pope Gregory IX established the Inquisition, in 1233, to combat the heresy of the Abilgenses, a religious sect in France. By 1255, the Inquisition was in full gear throughout Central and Western Europe; although it was never instituted in England or Scandinavia. Initially a tribunal would open at a location and an edict of grace would be published calling upon those who are conscious of heresy to confess; after a period of grace, the tribunal officers could make accusations. Those accused of heresy were sentenced at an auto de fe, Act of Faith. Inquisition (Roman Catholicism) Inquisition. Inquisition. From New World Encyclopedia Ready Galileo facing the Roman Inquisition. Inquisition, (capitalized I) as broadly used, refers to the judgment of heresy by the Roman Catholic Church with the cooperation of the secular authorities.

It can mean an ecclesiastical tribunal or institution of the Roman Catholic Church for combating or suppressing heresy, a number of historical expurgation movements against heresy (orchestrated by the Roman Catholic Church), or the trial of an individual accused of heresy. Famous occurrences of an Inquisition include the trial of Joan of Arc, the suppression of the Knights Templar, and the silencing and imprisonment of Galileo Galilei.

Teresa of Avila was also investigated by the Inquisition. The Inquisition is alien and excessive to the modern mindset. Ancient origins The number of quaestores increased greatly during the expansion of Rome, leading to the creation of a higher post. The first person to be executed as a "heretic" was Priscillian of Avila. Pagan Fertility Rituals and Rites. There are many fertility rites and rituals practised by Pagans and these mostly fall into three groups: rituals aimed at boosting human fertility; rituals for animal fertility; and those aimed at increasing the amount of crop production. Dancing is common in many rituals, the most famous and well-known dances include the various Morris dances and dancing around the maypole. Significance of Maypole Dancing Rituals Dancing around the maypole is meant to be a ritual to welcome in the spring and bring good luck to farmers.

Its origins are probably Germanic. The UK parliament banned maypole dancing in 1664 but it was restored later by King Charles II. Long ribbons are attached to the pole and each person grabs hold of a ribbon and dances round the pole in different directions to create a pattern. Purpose of the Morris Dancing Ritual Wassailing dances performed by Morris dancers are again meant to boost the fertility of crops. Human Fertility Dances and the Finnish Cattle Ritual for Fertility. 5 Weird Ancient Pagan Rituals. In the ancient world, a Pagan was anyone who worshiped gods that were different to those worshiped by the Romans and the Greeks before them. In particular, the Vikings, Anglo-Saxons and the Celts were classified as Pagans and their religious rituals were seen as weird, often because they were!

1. The Druid Ritual of Oak and Mistletoe To the early Druid priests of Gaul and Britain, the oak tree held great significance in their rituals and was considered sacred. Likewise mistletoe, which can grow on the oak, also had an important role in their religion. According to a Roman chronicler ‘Pliny the Elder’ writing in the 1st century AD, it was believed that when mistletoe fell from an oak, it was a sign that the tree had been selected by their god. Pliny states that on the 6th day of the moon, Druid priests dressed in white robes would prepare a banquet beneath the tree and bring up to it two white bulls. Link 2. Link 3. Link 4. Link 5. Link Advertisements 0StumbleUpon 7Reddit. Rites of Passage - Paganism. Most major religions have ceremonies to mark the important rites of passage you undergo during your life. While your culture might not recognize all of these important moments, your religion should.

The most common rites of passage honored by Pagans are birth, puberty, marriage, and death. Birth Rites Births are celebrated in most cultures, and most religions do so with a special ceremony. Neo-Paganism is no different. During a naming ceremony, the child is officially introduced to the gods and given a name. The naming ceremony is usually held at your home, a friend's home, or a traditional ritual space for your group.

Puberty Rites Aside from Jewish and Native American traditions, most people in the United States don't undergo any form of a formal celebration or ritual at the onset of puberty. It is traditional for adulthood ceremonies to be unisex. Marriage Rites Death Rites For most Pagans, death is a transition to a new stage of life rather than the end of the soul's cycle. Rites and Ceremonies. Written by: Carl McColman Most expressions of Paganism are magical - which is to say, they promote the use of individual or communal ritual practices to effect personal and environmental change, particularly changes in consciousness. Rooted in pre-modern magical practices (where rituals were seen as creating direct physical change in the environment), Pagans often have a more sophisticated understanding of magic and ritual, following Dion Fortune's definition of "magic" as "the art of changing consciousness at will.

" Such ceremonially enacted changes in consciousness are believed to facilitate further changes in the practitioner's life circumstances and/or relationship with the gods. Magic can be broken down into two categories: thaumaturgy (the working of wonders) and theurgy (the divine work). Wiccan and other Pagan ceremonies can incorporate either or both thaumaturgical and theurgical elements.

Pagan religions. Paganism is a broad group of indigenous and historical polytheistic religious traditions—primarily those of cultures known to the classical world. In a wider sense, Paganism has also been understood to include any non-Abrahamic, folk, ethnic religion. Modern ethnologists often avoid referring to non-classical and non-European, traditional and historical faiths as Pagan in favour of less ambiguous labels such as polytheism, shamanism, pantheism, and animism.

[citation needed] Nomenclature and etymology[edit] Hellene[edit] In the Latin-speaking West of the newly Christianizing Roman Empire, Greek became associated with the traditional polytheistic beliefs of Ancient Greece and regarded as a foreign language (lingua peregrina).[4] By the latter half of the 4th century in the Greek-speaking East, Pagans were—paradoxically—most commonly called Hellenes (Ἕλλην, lit.

This was influenced by Christianity's early membership, who were Jewish. Pagan[edit] Heathen[edit] Definition[edit] Perception[edit] Pagan Rituals. Pagan Rituals, like any religion's, play an important role in an Pagan's life. Formal, casual or impromptu, every religion has some ceremony to mark the major events in the lives of its believers. These religious rites are usually performed, or at least overseen, by some authority in the religion. They are also generally performed in some specific center of worship, be it called a church, shrine, synagogue, mosque, temple or something else.

Pagans, on the other hand, tend to perform their own rites. Preparing for Pagan Rituals First and foremost, you should be certain that the area you have chosen for your ritual is private. Preparing Yourself Preparing yourself means both putting yourself in the proper mindset and cleansing negative energies from yourself. Once you are in the proper mindset, you should perform some simple cleansing on yourself. Preparing A Sacred Space Depending on the type of area you are in, you can draw a protective circle around your space using salt, cord, or chalk.

The Pagan Federation - Paganism - Worship & Rites. It is a fundamental need of the human condition that we express by way of sacred or secular ritual those moments which have greatest meaning and influence upon our lives. Like all religions, Paganism uses ritual in the celebration of its mysteries. Ritual is used to commune ever more deeply with the wisdom and love of the Old Gods and the Divine forces of Nature.

Rituals take many forms in the different expressions of Pagan tradition and are the least understood aspect of the Pagan religion. Below are described three main expressions of ritual practice employed by Pagans. Celebrations of Nature Paganism sees the Divine as manifest in all Nature. For Pagans, the turning pattern of the seasons is a mirror in which to see reflections of the many changing faces of the Old Gods. Pagans celebrate seasonal festivals to commune with Nature's mysteries. Rites of Passage Rites of passage form an important part of the ritual practice of the Pagan religion.

Maypole dance. Dancing around the maypole, in Åmmeberg , Sweden A maypole is a tall wooden pole erected as a part of various European folk festivals, particularly on May Day , or Pentecost ( Whitsun ) although in some countries it is instead erected at Midsummer . In some cases the maypole is a permanent feature that is only utilised during the festival, although in other cases it is erected specifically for the purpose before being taken down again. Primarily found within the nations of Germanic Europe and the neighbouring areas which they have influenced, its origins remain unknown, although it has been speculated that it originally had some importance in the Germanic paganism of Iron Age and early Medieval cultures, and that the tradition survived Christianisation, albeit losing any original meaning that it had.

It has been a recorded practice in many parts of Europe throughout the Medieval and Early Modern periods, although became less popular in the 18th and 19th centuries. . [ edit ] Symbolism. Pagan Dances, Orgies and Rituals-madangsingh.ExpertsColumn.com. The word pagan is generally associated with some thing bizarre. It means a cult that is neither Christian nor Islamic. Though, in some respects Hinduism is considered a pagan religion as well. Pagan followers worship idols and statues and their Gods are more myth then real men in flesh and blood. Pagan gods will cover most aspects of human life like fertility, love, war and disease. For each of these aspects of human life there will be a Pagan god. The word pagan is generally associated with some thing bizarre. Most Pagan religions existed before the advent of Christianity. Rred to as a Pagan dance. A Pagan dance was executed by both male and females and generally the dance would be led by a high priestess or priest.

The dance was conducted to the beat of drums and loud music and carried on late into the night. As the evening wore on, late into the night the pagan dance in some cases degenerated into a sexual orgy. With the advent of Christianity, the pagan dance and worship declined. Pagan Dances, Orgies and Rituals-madangsingh.ExpertsColumn.com.