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Australia’s migration history

Australia’s migration history
Australia’s migration history The nineteenth century In 1788, when European settlement began, Australia’s Aboriginal population was about 400,000. Today, over 20 million people live here. Migration has been the main driver for this change. In New South Wales, four out of every ten people are either migrants or the children of migrants. Clearly Australia has a rich migration history. However, with the discovery of gold just outside Bathurst in 1851, the nature of Australian migration changed completely. The infamous ‘White Australia’ policy: keeping Australia British When the colonies federated in 1901, control of immigration changed. In 1914, with the outbreak of the First World War, migration almost ceased. With the 1918 peace came a revival of assisted migration schemes. ‘Populate or perish’: post war migration When the war ended, the government took an entirely new approach to migration. During the seven years this scheme operated, nearly 171,000 arrived. i James Jupp, 62 ii 62

Related:  Space and ExchangesHistory, timelines, policies & impactanglicistenumerique

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Australia's migration history timeline Objects through Time traces the history of migration of people, technology and ideas to our shores through a collection significant objects, spanning a 60,000 year time frame. It begins with the first migrants, the Aboriginal people who discovered and settled Australia, the Macassan and European explorers, sailors and navigators who mapped it and the waves of 19th and 20th century migrants who built it. All these people have written the story of modern Australia. The story concludes with the Friendship Stick made especially by Aboriginal artists Gavin Flick, Alana and Jai Rose for the 2000 Sydney Olympics. This fascinating and thought provoking exhibition examines key events in the long history of migration to Australia through objects that speak to us about our past. It explores important places and events in Australian migration history and introduces the people who have shaped Australia’s rich and diverse cultural identity.

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