Australia’s migration history. Australia’s migration history The nineteenth century In 1788, when European settlement began, Australia’s Aboriginal population was about 400,000.
Today, over 20 million people live here. Migration has been the main driver for this change. Immigration - ABC online education (topic - look for stage 3 resources) Origins: History of immigration from Indonesia - Immigration Museum, Melbourne Australia. Map date: 2013 Before white settlement of Australia, Indonesian fishermen from Makasar established trading contact with Indigenous communities in northern Australia.
They constructed outdoor factories to process trepang (sea slug) for the Chinese market, but established no permanent settlements. Chapter 1: Immigration 1901–39: An Overview - More People Imperative: Immigration to Australia, 1901–39. Immigration has been a vital feature of Australia's history and identity.
The nation today is composed not only of its own indigenous peoples but a wide variety of ethnic and cultural groups. Although Australia has always been multicultural, for at least a century and a half after European settlement, the British predominated. This was especially so in the period from Federation until World War II, the period covered by this Guide. The changing face of modern Australia – 1900s to 1940s. Italian workers at a knitting factory.
Image courtesy of the Migration Museum, History Trust of South Australia. The hundreds of thousands of people who arrived in Australia after the First World War greatly influenced Australia becoming a modern society. They brought with them skills, commitment to family, education and their own cultural values. The changing face of modern Australia – 1950s to 1970s. After the Second World War (1939–45) the Australian government committed to a vigorous and sustained immigration program.
The purpose of this ambitious program was to meet labour shortages, protect Australia from external threat and create prosperity. As a result, from 1945 to 1975 Australia's population almost doubled from 7½ million to 13 million. About 3 million migrants and refugees arrived. Spanish immigrants on board on their way to Australia, courtesy of South Australian Migration Museum This was a major break in policy.
However, in July 1947, the Australian Government entered into an agreement with the new International Refugee Organisation to settle displaced people from camps in Europe. Economic migrants normally leave a country voluntarily to seek a better life. Australia's migration history timeline. Australia wants, and will welcome, new healthy citizens who are determined to become good Australians.Arthur Caldwell, Australian Minister for Immigration, 1945 British migrants arrive in Sydney on the Fairsea, c.1963.
Courtesy National Archives of Australia After World War II ended in May 1945 Europe was in chaos. Teacher and student resources on multiculturalism, cultural diversity and tolerance. Timeline: Australia's Immigration Policy. 1831 – 43 years after the arrival of the First Fleet and the beginning of British colonisation in Australia, the first assisted migration begins with workers from Britain encouraged to apply.
Other immigrants follow that decade, including German Lutherans leaving their homeland in search of religious freedom and better economic opportunities. 1860 – Many Chinese miners take advantage of Australia's Gold Rush, but it causes tensions that come to a head in an 1860 riot. 3,000 European miners drive the Chinese off the Burrangong Goldfield in New South Wales. 1888 – Tensions continue over Chinese workers and in 1888 the Premiers of all the pre-Federation colonies (except Tasmania) agree to further restrict Chinese immigrants.
Australia's Migration Program. Updated 29 October 2010 PDF version [350KB] Harriet SpinksSocial Policy Section Contents Introduction.
Refugees and the Australian Government - International law & Migration Act. International law Australia is a signatory to the United Nations 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (The Refugee Convention) and to the subsequent 1967 Protocol.
Migrant contributions honoured with new Australia Day award. Bhutanese refugee Parsu Sharma-Luital has worked tirelessly with refugees and asylum seekers, but he says his work is not done.
"The signal sends a very positive message, and we can very proudly say, 'Australia we are one more step ahead of multiculturalism'," Parsu says. Parsu first arrived in Australia in 2002. He came to study a masters degree and on the advice of University staff, the horticulturalist soon sought asylum to escape the unrest in his native Bhutan, which left many stateless. "My parents lived 18 years in the camp, my father had gone to prison because he was considered one of the activists.
" He became an Australian citizen in 2008, but his community work started long before then. "When I saw many refugees suffer in the refugee camp in Nepal, and then our own people...and I felt we should do something and when I came here I wanted to carry out this sort of activity. " But Parsu's achievements extend beyond his work within emerging communities. Why migrants may be our greatest economic asset - The Drum. Opinion Posted Forget the myths. Migrants lift the three "Ps" of high economic growth - population, participation and productivity.
So maybe we need to increase our intake, writes Patrick Carvalho. Immigration impacts Australia allbw. Chinatowns across Australia. Chinatowns developed in Australia as a result of the large influx of Chinese migrants, which was driven by a system of indentured labour and then the gold rushes of the 1850s. Hou Wang Temple, Atherton. Image courtesy of the National Trust of Queensland, Hou Wang Temple. Chinatowns developed as concentrations within capital cities and thriving rural towns, with businesses, temples, theatres and schools.
The businesses in Chinatowns offered accommodation, medicinal herbs, fresh food grown by Chinese market gardeners and groceries. Borders and boats: Australia's 'hardline' immigration policies make headlines in Europe. Analysis Updated On Sunday, Australia was again dragged into a contentious Europe-wide debate. "Germany's interior ministry floats hardline 'Australian-style' asylum policy," screamed one headline. "Germany wants Australian-style boat turnbacks," declared another. The story, which originated in the Welt am Sonntag national newspaper, quoted an unnamed spokeswoman proposing all asylum seekers plucked from the Mediterranean Sea be returned to refugee camps in northern Africa. "The goal must be to remove the basis for people-smuggling organisations and to save migrants from the life-threatening journey", the source reportedly said.
Sound familiar? The ABC's been told the story was not quite right. A spokeswoman for Interior Minister Thomas De Maiziere said there were "no concrete plans" or "precise ideas" and clarified that the "model" of returning people was actually based on the agreement the European Union and Turkey reached to stop asylum seekers reaching Greece earlier this year.