Strategy - European Power programme What are the challenges to a coherent EU foreign policy and how can they be overcome to create proper external strategies, in the neighbourhood and beyond? Once again, European integration has come to a crossroads. Cohesion within the EU, among publics and member states alike, has weakened seriously. Political frictions have grown, a populist Europe-scepticism is flourishing. The EU’s capacity to deliver is viewed critically; many speak out in favour of strict controls over the integration process if not renationalization. Institutional frictions within the EU’s hybrid construction of supranational and intergovernmental layers remain; the imperatives of crisis management have added new structures and processes within and outside the legal framework. Top 30 think tanks in the world 2011 The latest report of global think tanks rankings was released by the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) at the University of Pennsylvania's International Relations Program on January 20 this year. This annual report, named "The 2011 Global Go To Think Tank Rankings," the fifth edition of the kind, contains the most comprehensive rankings of the world's top think tanks, which has been described as the insider's guide to the global marketplace of ideas. A total of 6,545 think tanks in the world were contacted and encouraged to participate in the nominations process, and a group of over 6000 scholars, journalists, policymakers, public and private donors, think tanks, and regional and subject area specialists were involved.
Russell-Einstein Manifesto For more information please see: Origins of the Russell-Einstein Manifesto, by Sandra Ionno Butcher The Russell-Einstein Manifesto Issued in London, 9 July 1955 Digital National Security Archive Welcome to the information site for Digital National Security Archive. The Digital National Security Archive contains the most comprehensive set of declassified government documents available. The resource now includes 42 collections consisting of over 103,000 meticulously indexed documents, with more than 719,000 total pages. Each of these collections, compiled by top scholars and experts, exhaustively covers the most critical world events, countries, and U.S. policy decisions from post World War II through the 21st century. Together, these collections offer unparalleled access to the defining international strategies of our time.
The Nuclear Winter One of the real fears in the later years of the Cold War was the impact of a 'Nuclear Winter' on Mankind. The whole concept of a 'Nuclear Winter' only became publicly apparent in the 1980’s and had its supporters and its detractors. However, for a short time the whole idea of a nuclear winter caught the public imagination to such an extent that the BBC produced a television programme based around a nuclear attack on the city of Sheffield and what happened to the area around the city once a nuclear winter had set in.
Internet History Sourcebooks Project Internet History Sourcebooks Project Paul Halsall, Editor Last Modified: Dec 11 | linked pages may have been updated more recently The Internet History Sourcebooks Project is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted historical texts presented cleanly (without advertising or excessive layout) for educational use. The Nuclear Arms Race The nuclear arms race was central to the Cold War. Many feared where the Cold War was going with the belief that the more nuclear weapons you had, the more powerful you were. Both America and Russia massively built up their stockpiles of nuclear weapons. The world greatly changed when USA exploded the H-bomb in 1952.
West Point Altas Collection About Our Atlases In 1938 the predecessors of today's Department of History at the United States Military Academy began developing a series of campaign atlases to aid in teaching cadets a course entitled, "History of the Military Art." Since then, the Department has produced over six atlases and more than one thousand maps, encompassing not only America’s wars but global conflicts as well. In keeping abreast with today's technology, the Department of History is providing these maps on the internet as part of the department's outreach program. The maps were created by the United States Military Academy’s Department of History and are the digital versions from the atlases printed by the United States Defense Printing Agency. We gratefully acknowledge the accomplishments of the department's former cartographers, Mr.
Continental Defense in the Eisenhower Era: Nuclear Antiaircraft Arms and the Cold War Fueled by Cold War anxiety about the threat of a surprise nuclear attack by Soviet jet-bombers, the U.S. nuclear arsenal ballooned from 841 warheads when President Eisenhower assumed office in 1953 to over 18,000 by the time he left office in 1961. Roughly 20% of these warheads were based around cities and military installations throughout the U.S. for air defense purposes. The fact that the widely publicized deployment of over 3,500 nuclear weapons explicitly intended for use directly over or near U.S. territory enjoyed broad public support is a telling measure of early Cold War fears, according to Christopher Bright, author of Continental Defense in the Eisenhower Era: Nuclear Antiaircraft Arms and the Cold War. Significant support for the development and deployment of nuclear anti-aircraft arms came from Robert Sprague, a New England industrialist, top Eisenhower advisor on air defense issues, and key contributor to the 1955 Killian Commission Report on U.S. military capabilities.
The Vietnam Center and Archive: Virtual Vietnam Archive Accessing the Virtual Vietnam Archive To search the Virtual Vietnam Archive, click "Search the Virtual Vietnam Archive" in the left column. Assistance with searching can be found in the Virtual Archive Tutorial, or on the help pages within the Virtual Archive. Information about Virtual Archive availability can be found on the Virtual Archive Notes page. Copyright Unless otherwise noted, all items within the Virtual Vietnam Archive are © Copyright: The Vietnam Center and Archive at Texas Tech University.
Nuclear Files: About Us: About the Nuclear Files Advisory Council Our Advisory Council includes the following college and university professors: Professor Richard Falk, Princeton University Dr. Frank Settle, Washington and Lee University Dr. Michael Wallace, University of British Columbia Dr. Tom Whaley, Washington and Lee University Dr.