Logic. Carl Sagan Presents His "Baloney Detection Kit": 8 Tools for Skeptical Thinking. Photo by NASA via Wikimedia Commons It is sometimes said that science and philosophy have grown so far apart that they no longer recognize each other.
Perhaps they no longer need each other. And yet some of the most thoughtful scientists of modernity—those who most dedicated their lives not only to discovering nature’s mysteries, but to communicating those discoveries with the rest of us—have been fully steeped in a philosophical tradition. This especially goes for Carl Sagan, perhaps the greatest science communicator of the past century or so. CICAP - HomePage. Becoming a Critic Of Your Thinking.
Learning the Art of Critical Thinking There is nothing more practical than sound thinking.
No matter what your circumstance or goals, no matter where you are, or what problems you face, you are better off if your thinking is skilled. As a manager, leader, employee, citizen, lover, friend, parent — in every realm and situation of your life — good thinking pays off. Poor thinking, in turn, inevitably causes problems, wastes time and energy, engenders frustration and pain. Mental Models I Find Repeatedly Useful – Medium. Around 2003 I came across Charlie Munger’s 1995 speech, The Psychology of Human Misjudgment, which introduced me to how behavioral economics can be applied in business and investing.
More profoundly, though, it opened my mind to the power of seeking out and applying mental models across a wide array of disciplines. A mental model is just a concept you can use to help try to explain things (e.g. Hanlon’s Razor — “never attribute to malice that which is adequately explained by carelessness.”). There are tens of thousands of mental models, and every discipline has their own set that you can learn through coursework, mentorship, or first-hand experience.
There is a much smaller set of concepts, however, that come up repeatedly in day-to-day decision making, problem solving, and truth seeking. This post is my attempt to enumerate the mental models that are repeatedly useful to me. NoBeliefs.com (Freethinkers) RationalWiki. National IQ Scores - Country Rankings. A Code of Conduct for Effective Rational Discussion — LimbicNutrition.
The Fallibility Principle When alternative positions on any disputed issue are under review, each participant in the discussion should acknowledge that possibly none of the positions presented is deserving of acceptance and that, at best, only one of them is true or the most defensible position.
Therefore, it is possible that thorough examination of the issue will reveal that one’s own initial position is a false or indefensible one. The Truth-Seeking Principle Each participant should be committed to the task of earnestly searching for the truth or at least the most defensible position on the issue at stake. Therefore, one should be willing to examine alternative positions seriously, look for insights in the positions of others, and allow other participants to present arguments for or raise objections to any position held with regard to any disputed issue.
The Clarity Principle. Critical Thinking. CRITICAL THINKING. CriticalThinking.org - Critical Thinking Model 1. To Analyze Thinking We Must Identify and Question its Elemental Structures Standard: Clarityunderstandable, the meaning can be grasped Could you elaborate further?
Explore Subjects. The Structural Differential diagram by Korzybski. Critical thinking web. We have over 100 online tutorials on different aspects of thinking skills.
They are organized into modules listed below and in the menu above. Our tutorials are used by universities, community colleges, and high schools around the world. The tutorials are completely free and under a Creative Commons license. More info. Critical thinking model and mods. Thinking tools resources. Weak versus Strong Critical Thinking Critical thinking involves basic intellectual skills, but these skills can be used to serve two incompatible ends: self-centeredness or fair-mindedness.
As we develop the basic intellectual skills that critical thinking entails, we can begin to use those skills in a selfish or in a fair-minded way. In other words, we can develop in such a way that we learn to see mistakes in our own thinking, as well as the thinking of others. Hope, Cynicism, and the Stories We Tell Ourselves. To live with sincerity in our culture of cynicism is a difficult dance — one that comes easily only to the very young and the very old.
The rest of us are left to tussle with two polarizing forces ripping the psyche asunder by beckoning to it from opposite directions — critical thinking and hope. Critical thinking without hope is cynicism. Hope without critical thinking is naïveté. Finding fault and feeling hopeless about improving the situation produces resignation — cynicism is both resignation’s symptom and a futile self-protection mechanism against it. Il talento cognitivo. Advanced Analytic Techniques. Selectivity vs. Critical Thinking.
Critical Thinking Jul 20, 2010 Clay Johnson Earlier I suggested that we weren’t dealing with an information overload problem but rather an information overconsumption one. Increasingly, people are searching for new ways to focus. Startup operatives are turning to drugs like provigil with the promise that if will help them focus on what’s important. The abundance problem is new. Study: There Are Instructions for Teaching Critical Thinking. Whether or not you can teach something as subjective as critical thinking has been up for debate, but a fascinating new study shows that it’s actually quite possible.
Experiments performed by Stanford's Department of Physics and Graduate School of Education demonstrate that students can be instructed to think more critically. It’s difficult to overstate the importance of critical-thinking skills in modern society. The ability to decipher information and interpret it, offering creative solutions, is in direct relation to our intellect. The study took two groups of students in an introductory physics laboratory course, with one group (known as the experimental group) given the instruction to use quantitative comparisons between datasets and the other group given no instruction (the control group).
Comparing data in a scientific manner; that is, being able to measure one’s observations in a statistical or mathematical way, led to interesting results for the experimental group. Thinking. Thinking. Welcome to Less Wrong. Lateral Thinking Problems - Semantics. Lateral thinking problems that require you to pay close attention to the exact wording of the problem. 1. A woman gave natural birth to two sons who were born on the same hour of the same day of the same month of the same year. Anxiety Culture. Critical Thinking. Critical thinking. Critical Thinking. Goals for a Critical Thinking Curriculum. An Outline of Goals for a Critical Thinking Curriculum and Its Assessment 1Robert H. Ennis, University of Illinois, UC (Revised 6/20/02) E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Web site:
How to Be an Individual in Age of the Echo Chamber. By Steven Mazie By BRUCE PEABODY, guest blogger Last week, we considered how M.T. Anderson’s novel Feed lays out a set of fears about today’s electronic culture and its impact on how we think, interact and develop our moral selves. Anderson voices widespread anxieties about the internet age, but his book is rather short on solutions and hope.
Today’s post proposes that we train our gazes to the 19th century, and the political and social philosophy of John Stuart Mill, in order to search for ways out of Anderson’s dystopian landscape. Even ostensibly free citizens, Mill charges, rely too much on convention, shared ideas, and generic experiences fostered by a “unity of opinion.” Mill especially feared non-discriminating mass publics. Critical Thinking On The Web.
Top Ten Argument Mapping Tutorials. Six online tutorials in argument mapping, a core requirement for advanced critical thinking.The Skeptic's Dictionary - over 400 definitions and essays. The Fallacy Files by Gary Curtis. Best website on fallacies. Methods. Overview Of Critical Thinking. Critical Thinking. Cog Store - Buy premium cogs or grab free ones. Famous Paradoxes - Examples and Definition.
What is a Paradox A paradox is a statement that contradicts itself or a situation which seems to defy logic. That's a simple definition of paradox. Often premises can be proven false which rectifies the contradiction. Sometimes they are just play on words, however, some paradoxes still don't have universally accepted resolutions. On this page you can find several good paradox examples to tease your mind. Paradox Examples. Logic Puzzles. Bulbs. 15 Styles of Distorted Thinking. Build your Personalized Training Program. How PowerPoint is killing critical thought. I still remember the best lecture I ever attended. It was part of a joint series offered by the English and philosophy departments in my first term at university and, given that the subject was Sartre’s Being and Nothingness, should have been the dullest event in Christendom that night.
But it wasn’t. The lecturer, Thomas Baldwin, had a deceptively simple style: he would write a proposition on the blackboard facing us and gaze at it for a moment, like a medium beckoning a spirit. Then he would turn and smile, and start to explain. Baldwin paced the room – but slowly. Does that matter? — Signal v. Noise.