Critical thinking web Critical thinking is the ability to think clearly and rationally about what to do or what to believe. It includes the ability to engage in reflective and independent thinking. Someone with critical thinking skills is able to do the following : understand the logical connections between ideasidentify, construct and evaluate argumentsdetect inconsistencies and common mistakes in reasoningsolve problems systematicallyidentify the relevance and importance of ideasreflect on the justification of one's own beliefs and values Critical thinking is not a matter of accumulating information. A person with a good memory and who knows a lot of facts is not necessarily good at critical thinking.
Semiotica Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera. La semiotica (dal termine greco σημεῖον semeion, che significa "segno") è la disciplina che studia i segni e il modo in cui questi abbiano un senso (significazione). Considerato che il segno è in generale "qualcosa che rinvia a qualcos'altro" (per i filosofi medievali "aliquid stat pro aliquo") possiamo dire che la semiotica è la disciplina che studia i fenomeni di significazione e di comunicazione. Per significazione infatti si intende ogni relazione che lega qualcosa di materialmente presente a qualcos'altro di assente (la luce rossa del semaforo significa, o sta per, "stop").
Observational learning Observational learning is learning that occurs through observing the behavior of others. Albert Bandura, who is known for the classic Bobo doll experiment, identified this basic form of learning in 1961. The importance of observational learning because it may help, especially children, acquire new responses by observing others' behavior. Ludwig Wittgenstein 1. Biographical Sketch Wittgenstein was born on April 26, 1889 in Vienna, Austria, to a wealthy industrial family, well-situated in intellectual and cultural Viennese circles. In 1908 he began his studies in aeronautical engineering at Manchester University where his interest in the philosophy of pure mathematics led him to Frege.
oddball The proto-Beatnik and one of the main characters in the famous 1970 war/comedy Kelly's Heroes. Oddball is self explanatory. He is a laid-back tank crewman with an optimistic often misunderstood personality. The Turing Test First published Wed Apr 9, 2003; substantive revision Wed Jan 26, 2011 The phrase “The Turing Test” is most properly used to refer to a proposal made by Turing (1950) as a way of dealing with the question whether machines can think. According to Turing, the question whether machines can think is itself “too meaningless” to deserve discussion (442). oddball - definition of oddball by The Free Dictionary Also found in: Idioms, Wikipedia. odd·ball (ŏd′bôl′) n.Informal A person regarded as eccentric. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition.
The Chinese Room Argument 1. Overview Work in Artificial Intelligence (AI) has produced computer programs that can beat the world chess champion and defeat the best human players on the television quiz show Jeopardy. AI has also produced programs with which one can converse in natural language, including Apple's Siri. Our experience shows that playing chess or Jeopardy, and carrying on a conversation, are activities that require understanding and intelligence. Does computer prowess at challenging games and conversation then show that computers can understand and be intelligent?
Contenus du projet Une sélection d'activités du site La main à la pâte pour travailler sur les différents aspects de la pratique scientifique au cours de séances de sciences "ordinaires" Quelles sont les idées des élèves à propos de la science ? Questionnaire prêt à l'emploi pour la classe D'autres activités et ressources prêtes à l'emploi Des activités pour aiguiser l'esprit critique Des outils et des jeux de débat et d'argumentation Des activités pour pratiquer une démarche de résolution de problèmes, inventer, innovar Des activités (de sciences participatives et non) pour apprendre à observer Des activités pour s'exercer à analyser les informations "de seconde main"
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Independent Thinking - We Do: Do You? Sam Harris: Science can answer moral questions