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Critical Thinking

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What Keeps Students Motivated to Learn? Educators have lots of ideas about how to improve education, to better reach learners and to give students the skills they’ll need in college and beyond the classroom. But often those conversations remain between adults. The real test of any idea is in the classroom, though students are rarely asked about what they think about their education. A panel of seven students attending schools that are part of the “deeper learning” movement gave their perspective on what it means for them to learn and how educators can work to create a school culture that fosters creativity, collaboration, trust, the ability to fail, and perhaps most importantly, one in which students want to participate. Project-based learning is the norm among these students, but they also have a lot of ideas about what makes a good project work.

“Treat students like adults. At first Chavez wasn’t excited about the project, but she ended up enjoying it because she loves art. Related. Madeline Hunter's ITIP model. Madeline Hunter's ITIP model for direct instruction Madeline Hunter developed a teacher "decision-making" model for planning instruction. Her model is called ITIP (Instructional Theory into Practice) and is widely used in school districts around the country and in Michigan. There are three categories which are considered basic to ITIP lesson design. When using Direct Instruction (DI) as the Framework for planning, the teacher increases his/her effectiveness by considering the following seven elements as they "bring alive" the content or as they "scaffold" the learning needs of the students.

Teacher decision making is the basis of this approach to teaching. The following excerpts are taken from "Planning for Effective Instruction: Lesson Design" in Enhancing Teaching by Madeline Hunter, 1994, pp. 87-95. When designing lessons, the teacher needs to consider the seven elements in a certain order since each element is derived from and has a relationship to previous elements. 1. Examples: 2. Madeline Hunter's ITIP model. "Critical Thinking: What It Is and Why It Counts" PDF / pdf file / Independent Critical Thinking Research / CT Resources / Home - Insight Assessment. Delphi Consensus Report Executive Summary (PDF) / Expert Consensus on Critical Thinking / CT Resources / Home - Insight Assessment.