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Eight Actions to Reduce Racism in College Classrooms Last year, at dozens of colleges and universities across the United States, students protested institutional unresponsiveness to pervasive issues of racial inequity. Most media attention disproportionately focused on the popularity of the protests as opposed to the actual issues underlying campus unrest. For example, instead of deeply exploring the experiences that ignited demonstrations among students at the University of Missouri, journalists wrote mostly about the football team’s threat to cancel its game against Brigham Young University, the potential financial implications of the team’s activism, and the eventual resignations of the system president and the chancellor of the university’s flagship campus. Similarly, news coverage of protests at Yale University concentrated less on students’ frustrations with the university’s climate of racial exclusion and more on e-mails about potentially offensive Halloween costumes and perceived threats to free speech.

Would You Stop a Hate Crime in Progress? March 14, 2009— -- Jose Sucuzhanay was walking home from a party in Brooklyn, N.Y., last December when two strangers attacked him with an aluminum bat. "They were about to get home, like maybe 50 feet from the home," Jose's brother Diego Sucuzhanay said. "Two guys jumped out of the SUV and Jose was attacked and hit his head. ... He was knocked out. Take a Test On the next page you'll be asked to select an Implicit Association Test (IAT) from a list of possible topics . We will also ask you (optionally) to report your attitudes or beliefs about these topics and provide some information about yourself. We ask these questions because the IAT can be more valuable if you also describe your own self-understanding of the attitude or stereotype that the IAT measures.

The Bias Beneath: Two Decades of Measuring Implicit Associations Over the last 20 years, millions of people have used an online test to probe attitudes they didn’t know they had. Since its online debut in 1998, the Implicit Association Test (IAT) has allowed people to discover potential prejudices that lurk beneath their awareness — and that researchers therefore wouldn’t find through participant self-reports. Basically, the IAT asks participants to categorize words or images that appear onscreen by pressing specific keys on a keyboard. The time it takes for participants to respond to different combinations of stimuli is thought to shed light on the mental associations they make, even when they aren’t aware of them.

Caster Semenya Loses Case to Compete as a Woman in All Races Female track athletes with naturally elevated levels of testosterone must decrease the hormone to participate in certain races at major competitions like the Olympics, the highest court in international sports said Wednesday in a landmark ruling amid the pitched debate over who can compete in women’s events. The decision was a defeat for Caster Semenya, a two-time Olympic champion at 800 meters from South Africa, who had challenged proposed limits placed on female athletes with naturally elevated levels of the muscle-building hormone testosterone. At a time when the broader culture is moving toward an acceptance of gender fluidity, the ruling affirmed the sports world’s need for distinct gender lines, saying they were essential for the outcome of women’s events to be fair. [For exclusive sports news, highlights and analysis from New York Times journalists click here to receive our weekly Sports newsletter.] [Read more about Semenya’s early life, and what she means to South Africa.]

To Connect Across Cultures, Find Out What You Have in Common jennifer Maravillas FOR HBR The first thing most of us do when working with people from a new culture is to learn about differences. And there are very sensible reasons to do so. It helps you avoid cultural faux pas. For example, if your Korean employee will likely be embarrassed if you praise him in public, it would be good to know that ahead of time so you can anticipate his reaction and alter your own behavior plan. Similarly, if you know that an American employer expects you to look her in the eye, give a firm handshake, and speak positively about yourself, it’s important for you to know that as well, even if those very same behaviors would be considered inappropriate where you come from.

Real-Life Examples of Cognitive Dissonance To get a clear picture of what cognitive dissonance is, it helps to first grasp what happens when that tension (or “dissonance”) occurs. Corrine Leikam, PsyD, an associate director at Sober College, an addiction and counseling program in Los Angeles, says our instinctive reaction is to try to resolve the conflict and bring stability back to our lives. Oftentimes, this happens in your mind without needing to actively think about it. “Once we become aware of the mental and emotional discomfort cognitive dissonance causes, it’s often a quick and instantaneous next step to reduce the dissonance in some manner,” Noulas says. Marutūahu tribes The ancestor Marutūahu The five tribes of the Marutūahu confederation are Ngāti Rongoū, Ngāti Tamaterā, Ngāti Whanaunga, Ngāti Maru and Ngāti Pāoa. These peoples are all descended from the ancestor Marutūahu, who came from Kāwhia on the west coast of the North Island. Before Marutūahu was born, his father Hotunui had fallen out with his father-in-law. Hotunui went to live in the Hauraki region, where he was treated badly by the local people. When Marutūahu grew up he wanted to restore his father’s reputation.

How to Think about 'Implicit Bias' When is the last time a stereotype popped into your mind? If you are like most people, the authors included, it happens all the time. That doesn’t make you a racist, sexist or whatever-ist. It just means your brain is working properly, noticing patterns and making generalizations. But the same thought processes that make people smart can also make them biased. Twitter users defend Ocasio-Cortez after hair salon visit upsets rightwing paper There is a lot that offends about Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez: her Green New Deal, her socialism, her dancing, her previous employment as a bar-tender, and now, apparently, her hair. The Democrat congresswoman was the subject of an exclusive news story from the Washington Times on Wednesday, in which the newspaper reported she had spent nearly $300 on having her hair cut and coloured. “The self-declared socialist, who regularly rails against the rich and complains about the cost of living inside the Beltway, spent nearly $300 on her hairdo at a pricey salon she frequents in downtown Washington, The Washington Times has learned,” the article began. The newspaper said that Last Tangle Salon charges $80 for a haircut and $180 for lowlights “according to sources familiar with the salon”. The paper also factored in a 20% tip of $52, bringing the total of the entire hair maintenance experience to $312. Many questioned the choice of Jeff Sessions as a model.

Do's & Don'ts for Teaching English-Language Learners The number of English language learners in the United States is growing rapidly, including in many states that have not previously had large immigrant populations. As teachers try to respond to the needs of these students, here are a few basic best practices that might help. We have found that consistently using these practices makes our lessons more efficient and effective. We also feel it is important to include a few “worst” practices in the hope that they will not be repeated!

A Class Divided On the day after Martin Luther King Jr. was murdered in April 1968, Jane Elliott’s third graders from the small, all-white town of Riceville, Iowa, came to class confused and upset. They recently had made King their “Hero of the Month,” and they couldn’t understand why someone would kill him. So Elliott decided to teach her class a daring lesson in the meaning of discrimination. She wanted to show her pupils what discrimination feels like, and what it can do to people.

History Ngati Maru is one of the four present day tribes of Marutuahu. It is said that the fifth tribe, that is Ngati Rongo-U, was absorbed through alliances by the other Marutuahu tribes although some still choose to reassert Ngati Rongo-U identity today. The ancestor of Ngati Maru is Te Ngako also known as Te Ngakohua. Unconscious Bias What is Unconscious Bias? Bias is a prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another usually in a way that’s considered to be unfair. Biases may be held by an individual, group, or institution and can have negative or positive consequences.

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