Metacognition Metacognition is defined as "cognition about cognition", or "knowing about knowing". It comes from the root word "meta", meaning beyond. It can take many forms; it includes knowledge about when and how to use particular strategies for learning or for problem solving. There are generally two components of metacognition: knowledge about cognition, and regulation of cognition. Metamemory, defined as knowing about memory and mnemonic strategies, is an especially important form of metacognition. Differences in metacognitive processing across cultures have not been widely studied, but could provide better outcomes in cross-cultural learning between teachers and students. Some evolutionary psychologists hypothesize that metacognition is used as a survival tool, which would make metacognition the same across cultures. Writings on metacognition can be traced back at least as far as De Anima and the Parva Naturalia of the Greek philosopher Aristotle. Definitions 
Everything is connected Global warming, global terrorism, food crises, water crises, oil conflicts, culture wars - "civilisation" seems to be accelerating towards self-destruction. These are circumstances in which art and artists tend to get political or, alternatively, resign themselves to insignificance. In literature, the phenomenon is exacerbated by the difficulty many people have reading for anything beyond content and immediately communicated emotion. At such a moment, it may be worth looking at the work of a man who had a rather unusual take on the relationship between art and politics, who saw the two as intimately related and mutually conditioning, art being allowed a certain, perhaps even pervasive, influence, but not in the crass sense of grinding an axe, or even exploring controversial situations; on the contrary, art might be most "useful" when, to all intents and purposes, most "irrelevant". Gregory Bateson (1904-80) was born into a family with a history of spirited scientific controversy.
'What You're Doing Is Weird And Wrong,' Small Voice In Back Of Kim Jong-Un's Head Reports PYONGYANG—While performing his duties as Supreme Leader of North Korea Tuesday, Kim Jong-un reportedly heard a small voice in the back of his mind telling him that his actions over the last six months have been very strange and wrong. Sources confirmed that the tiny voice, which spoke to Kim at various points throughout the day, quietly suggested that the four-star military general and Worker Party’s secretary is a weird person with out-of-whack priorities who acts in a way that makes little sense to anyone. “You are a very odd man who does things that are bizarre and indicative of a mentally ill person,” the little voice reportedly said following a speech in which Kim issued apocalyptic threats to enemies in the West and predicted the destruction of America. “Stop that,” the voice continued as Kim issued another threat to the global community. The voice then openly asked the dictator whether any of this was registering at all.
Petrichor Petrichor (/ˈpɛtrɨkɔər/) is the earthy scent produced when rain falls on dry soil. The word is constructed from Greek, petra, meaning ‘stone’ + ichor, the fluid that flows in the veins of the gods in Greek mythology. In 2015, MIT scientists used high-speed cameras to record how the scent moves into the air. The tests involved approximately 600 experiments on 28 different surfaces, including engineered materials and soil samples. When a raindrop hits a porous surface, small bubbles form that float to the surface and release aerosols. Such aerosols carry the scent as well as bacteria and viruses from the soil. Raindrops that move at a slower rate tend to produce more aerosols; this serves as an explanation for why the petrichor is more common after light rains. Some scientists believe that humans appreciate the rain scent because ancestors may have relied on rainy weather for survival. References Jump up ^ Bear, I.J.; R.G. External links
Amor fati Amor fati is a Latin phrase loosely translating to "love of fate" or "love of one's fate". It is used to describe an attitude in which one sees everything that happens in one's life, including suffering and loss, as good. Moreover, it is characterized by an acceptance of the events or situations that occur in one's life. The phrase has been linked to the writings of Marcus Aurelius, who did not himself use the words (he wrote in Greek, not Latin). The phrase is used repeatedly in Friedrich Nietzsche's writings and is representative of the general outlook on life he articulates in section 276 of The Gay Science, which reads: I want to learn more and more to see as beautiful what is necessary in things; then I shall be one of those who make things beautiful. It is important to note that Nietzsche in this context refers to "Yes-sayer", not in a political or social sense, but to the uncompromising acceptance of reality per se. See also References
Self-evaluation maintenance theory Self-evaluation maintenance (SEM) theory refers to discrepancies between two people in a relationship. Two people in a relationship each aim to keep themselves feeling good psychologically throughout a comparison process to the other person. Self-evaluation is defined as the way a person views him/herself. It is the continuous process of determining personal growth and progress, which can be raised or lowered by the behavior of a close other (a person that is psychologically close). People are more threatened by friends than strangers. Abraham Tesser created the self-evaluation maintenance theory in 1988. Description A person's self-evaluation (which is similar to self-esteem) may be raised when a close other performs well. For example, a sibling scores the winning goal in an important game. At the same time, the success of a close other can decrease someone’s self-evaluation in the comparison process. Research example See also Notes References Feld, S.
Our Story | Mapping The Human Story The purpose of Mapping the Human Story is to explore and curate humanity’s traditions, wisdom and knowledge to sustain us today and give us every possible resource in the future. Simultaneously we are creating a Cultural Vault, a meta-library of culture to hold in trust and make accessible humanity’s heritage, wisdom and knowledge. Founder Dr. Elizabeth Kapu’uwailani Lindsey (pictured above, with Mau) is the first Polynesian Explorer and female Fellow in the history of the National Geographic Society. Elizabeth’s keen insight and first-hand accounts from the world’s most fragile regions make her international speaking engagements an inspiring call-to-action. On Elizabeth’s most recent expedition, she journeyed to Satawal, Micronesia where she recorded the traditions of the palu, Micronesian non-instrument navigators.
Yale Scientific Magazine | The Nation's Oldest College Science Publication – Cultural Cognition and Scientific Consensus For years, the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS) has released expert consensus reports confirming the reality of global warming and the safety of disposing nuclear wastes deep underground. However, intense debate still persists over these and many other issues scientifically proven and reported by the NAS. The arguments do not revolve around criticizing scientists and their evidence, so the main problem is not actually a lack of faith in the scientic method. Rather, people on both sides of these debates believe that the science supports their side. What is Cultural Cognition? “Cultural cognition refers to the tendency of people to fit their perceptions of risk and related facts to their group commitments,” says Dan Kahan, the Elizabeth K. How people view the risks associated with different issues at different points along the two dimensions of hierarchy-egalitarianism and communitarian-individualism. Mechanisms The second mechanism is culturally biased assimilation.
Slippery slope In logic and critical thinking, a slippery slope is a logical device, but is usually known under its fallacious form in which a person asserts that some event must inevitably follow from another without any rational argument or demonstrable mechanism for the inevitability of the event in question. A slippery slope argument states that a relatively small first step leads to a chain of related events culminating in some significant effect, much like an object given a small push over the edge of a slope sliding all the way to the bottom. The strength of such an argument depends on the warrant, i.e. whether or not one can demonstrate a process which leads to the significant effect. The fallacious sense of "slippery slope" is often used synonymously with continuum fallacy, in that it ignores the possibility of middle ground and assumes a discrete transition from category A to category B. Modern usage avoids the fallacy by acknowledging the possibility of this middle ground. Examples
review_book_chan_canasta Chan Canasta - A Remarkable Man By David Britland Published by Martin Breese Reviewed by Andy Nyman Once in a while a book comes along that, no matter what the cost, simply must be purchased. Before reviewing the book I must state one fundamental problem I have with the publication. Despite my own moral dilemma I couldn't wait to read this book. Every effect in the book is a masterclass in taking an effect and turning it into a mind-blowing experience. The over powering feeling one gets from this book is the image of a man who is prepared to risk everything for the effect. Martin Breese has published yet another magnificent book. © Andy Nyman September 2000
Confirmation bias Confirmation bias, also called confirmatory bias or myside bias, is the tendency to search for, interpret, favor, and recall information in a way that confirms one's beliefs or hypotheses, while giving disproportionately less consideration to alternative possibilities.[Note 1] It is a type of cognitive bias and a systematic error of inductive reasoning. People display this bias when they gather or remember information selectively, or when they interpret it in a biased way. A series of experiments in the 1960s suggested that people are biased toward confirming their existing beliefs. Confirmation biases contribute to overconfidence in personal beliefs and can maintain or strengthen beliefs in the face of contrary evidence. Types Confirmation biases are effects in information processing. Biased search for information Even a small change in a question's wording can affect how people search through available information, and hence the conclusions they reach. History
Cultural universal General The emergence of these universals dates to the Upper Paleolithic, with the first evidence of full behavioral modernity. List of cultural universals Among the cultural universals listed by Brown (1991) are: Language and cognition Language employed to manipulate othersLanguage employed to misinform or misleadLanguage is translatableAbstraction in speech and thoughtAntonyms, synonymsLogical notions of "and," "not," "opposite," "equivalent," "part/whole," "general/particular"Binary cognitive distinctionsColor terms: black, whiteClassification of: age, behavioral propensities, body parts, colors, fauna, flora, inner states, kin, sex, space, tools, weather conditionsContinua (ordering as cognitive pattern)Discrepancies between speech, thought, and actionFigurative speech, metaphorsSymbolism, symbolic speechSynesthetic metaphorsTabooed utterancesSpecial speech for special occasionsPrestige from proficient use of language (e.g. poetry)PlanningUnits of time Society