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50 Common Cognitive Distortions

50 Common Cognitive Distortions
3. Negative predictions. Overestimating the likelihood that an action will have a negative outcome. 4. Underestimating coping ability. Underestimating your ability cope with negative events. 5. Thinking of unpleasant events as catastrophes. 6. For example, during social interactions, paying attention to someone yawning but not paying the same degree of attention to other cues that suggest they are interested in what you’re saying (such as them leaning in). 7. Remembering negatives from a social situation and not remembering positives. 8. Believing an absence of a smiley-face in an email means someone is mad at you. 9. The belief that achieving unrelentingly high standards is necessary to avoid a catastrophe. 10. Believing the same rules that apply to others should not apply to you. 11. For example, I’ve made progress toward my goal and therefore it’s ok if I act in a way that is inconsistent with it. 12. For example, believing that poor people must deserve to be poor. 13. 14. It’s not. 15. 16. Related:  Distorted Thinking

Petit recueil de 18 moisissures argumentatives pour concours de mauvaise foi Petit recueil de non plus 18, mais 20 moisissures argumentatives à utiliser sans modération lors des concours de mauvaise foi. Ont été intégrés les plurium et l’argument de l’exotisme. Nous avons découpé ces moisissures argumentatives en trois grandes catégories : les erreurs logiques, les attaques, et les travestissements. Télécharger en pdf la mise en page magnifique du graphiste Francois-b. 1. La généralisation abusive Méthode : prendre un échantillon trop petit et en tirer une conclusion générale. Exemples : Mon voisin est un imbécile moustachu, donc tous les moustachus sont des imbéciles.Les Chinois sont vachement sympas. Exemples aggravés (menant au racisme ordinaire) : Le Chinois est vachement sympa. 2. Méthode : raisonner à rebours, vers une cause possible parmi d’autres, vers un scénario préconçu ou vers la position que l’on souhaite prouver. Exemples : Exemple aggravé : 3. Méthode : tirer une conclusion ne suivant pas logiquement les prémisses. Si A est vraie, alors B est vraie. 4. 5.

Forer effect A related and more general phenomenon is that of subjective validation.[1] Subjective validation occurs when two unrelated or even random events are perceived to be related because a belief, expectation, or hypothesis demands a relationship. Thus people seek a correspondence between their perception of their personality and the contents of a horoscope. Forer's demonstration[edit] On average, the students rated its accuracy as 4.26 on a scale of 0 (very poor) to 5 (excellent). Only after the ratings were turned in was it revealed that each student had received an identical sketch assembled by Forer from a newsstand astrology book.[2] The sketch contains statements that are vague and general enough to most people. In another study examining the Forer effect, students took the MMPI personality assessment and researchers evaluated their responses. The Forer effect is also known as the "Barnum effect". Repeating the study[edit] Variables influencing the effect[edit] Recent research[edit]

Fallacy List 1. FAULTY CAUSE: (post hoc ergo propter hoc) mistakes correlation or association for causation, by assuming that because one thing follows another it was caused by the other. example: A black cat crossed Babbs' path yesterday and, sure enough, she was involved in an automobile accident later that same afternoon. example: The introduction of sex education courses at the high school level has resulted in increased promiscuity among teens. A recent study revealed that the number of reported cases of STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) was significantly higher for high schools that offered courses in sex education than for high schools that did not. 2. example: Muffin must be rich or have rich parents, because she belongs to ZXQ, and ZXQ is the richest sorority on campus. example: I'd like to hire you, but you're an ex-felon and statistics show that 80% of ex-felons recidivate. 3. example: All of those movie stars are really rude. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. example: Only man is rational. 12.

People who think their opinions are superior to others are most prone to overestimating their relevant knowledge and ignoring chances to learn more By guest blogger Tom Stafford We all know someone who is convinced their opinion is better than everyone else’s on a topic – perhaps, even, that it is the only correct opinion to have. Maybe, on some topics, you are that person. No psychologist would be surprised that people who are convinced their beliefs are superior think they are better informed than others, but this fact leads to a follow on question: are people actually better informed on the topics for which they are convinced their opinion is superior? This is what Michael Hall and Kaitlin Raimi set out to check in a series of experiments in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. The researchers distinguish “belief superiority” from “belief confidence” (thinking your opinion is correct). As well as simple background knowledge, the researchers were also interested in how people with belief superiority sought out new information relevant to that belief. Overall the research presents a mixed picture. Like this:

Psychology Why Do We Dream? Horizon uncovers the secret world of our dreams. In a series of cutting-edge experiments and personal stories, we go in search of the science behind this most enduring mystery and ask: where do dreams Watch Now » David Lynch: Consciousness, Creativity and the Brain The inside story on transcending the brain, with David Lynch, Award-winning film director of Blue Velvet, Twin Peaks, Mullholland Drive, Inland Empire (filming); John Hagelin, Ph.D., Quantum physicist featured in “What the bleep do Stress: Portrain of a Killer The stress response saved our lives in the beginning. Married to the Eiffel Tower Married to the Eiffel Tower documentary finds out the world of three women who are objects fetishists and are both – sexually and emotionally attracted to various objects. Beautiful Minds: The Psychology of The Savant Secrets of Body Language Body language is a form of non-verbal communication, which consists of body posture, gestures, facial expressions, and eye movements.

Le Plaisir de la Cuisine - Pain roulé au jambon et au fromage (MAP) | Ce pain est idéal pour un soir accompagné d'une bonne salade ! Ingrédients : - 300ml d'eau - 1,5 cuil à café de sel - 500g de farine - 1 sachet de levure déshydratée Préparation : Disposer les ingrédients dans l'ordre dans la cuve de la machine. Mettre en route le programme "pâte". Une fois le programme terminé, sortir la pâte et l'étaler de façon à former un rectangle. Badigeonner le rectangle obtenu avec de l'huile d'olive, parsemer d'herbes de provence, de morceaux de jambon, d'oignon et de gruyère râpé. Rouler le tout et découper de petits tronçons que l'on disposera dans un moule à cake (comme pour un chinois). Il ne reste plus qu'à badigeonner le pain de jaune d'oeuf et faire cuire environ 30 min à 180°. Très bon, très simple à faire et déclinable à volonté (avec des lardons, du chèvre, du bacon, des tomates séchées.....)

Revisiting why incompetents think they’re awesome In 1999 a pair of researchers published a paper called "Unskilled and Unaware of It: How Difficulties in Recognizing One's Own Incompetence Lead to Inflated Self-Assessments (PDF)." David Dunning and Justin Kruger (both at Cornell University's Department of Psychology at the time) conducted a series of four studies showing that, in certain cases, people who are very bad at something think they are actually pretty good. They showed that to assess your own expertise at something, you need to have a certain amount of expertise already. Remember the 2008 election campaign? In all of this, uninformed idiots blame the Greeks for being lazy, the Germans for being too strict, and everyone but themselves. It has been more than 10 years since Dunning and Kruger published their work. "The paper gave voice to an observation that people make about their peers, but that they don’t know how to express," Dunning said. This paper has become a cult classic.

Top 7 Psychological Defense Mechanisms Health In every human being, intrapsychic conflicts are bound to occur, usually because of sexual and aggressive impulses and tension. Usually, (or maybe hopefully), these conflicts are resolved by themselves in a short amount of time; however sometimes this is not the case. Every now and then, our internal conflicts can last for long periods of times, and can potentially cause us great harm. Oftentimes anxiety can wear and tear at us, and should not be underestimated. Fortunately, our body has defense mechanisms to defend us from unpleasant emotions and feelings, such as anxiety. 1. Rationalization is something that every human being does, probably on a daily basis. 2. Identification is defined as “Bolstering self-esteem by forming an imaginary or real alliance with some person or group.” 3. Displacement is defined as “Diverting emotional feelings (usually anger) from their original source to a substitute target.” 4. 5. 6. 7. Sources: Weiten, Wayne. Contributor: GeorgeT

Éventails de pommes de terre au bacon & au parmesan | Croquant Fondant Gourmand Un plat de pommes de terre dorées, fondantes et croustillantes. Je les ai servies en accompagnement de grillades de porc simplement poêlées en déglaçant la sauteuse avec du bouillon de cuisson des pommes de terre. Un régal! Pour 4 Croquants-Gourmands Sur ma paillasse : - 8 pommes de terre de taille à peu près égale- 8 rondelles fines de bacon- 40 g de parmesan râpé - huile d’olive - 1 gousse d’ail - 500 ml d’eau - 1 tablette de bouillon de volaille 1 plat allant au four et sur le feuPréchauffage du four à 190° (chaleur tournante) Au travail : Peler l’ail et les pommes de terre.Si nécessaire, couper une lamelle à la base des pommes de terre pour les rendre stables. Faire de profondes incisions parallèles dans la chair de la pomme de terre : Elle ressemble aux pages d’un livre ouvert. Couper les rondelles de bacon en fines lamelles. Glisser un morceau de bacon entre chaque tranche de pomme de terre. Enfourner pour 20 minutes.Sortir le plat du four, répartir le parmesan sur les pommes de terre.

Perché gli stupidi si credono intelligenti? – RicPuglisi Vi è mai capitato di incontrare dei perfetti idioti che si credono dei portenti di intelligenza? Sicuramente sì. Potrebbe esservi anche capitato di essere sicuri di avere capito tutto su un certo tema, ma -con il senno di poi- realizzare di esservi illusi di capire, quando in realtà avevate capito poco o niente. Si tratta di un tema molto generale: noi esseri umani siamo capaci di essere obiettivi su noi stessi e sulla nostra intelligenza? La risposta giusta è: no. In particolare, quanto più qualcuno è incompetente su un certo tema o in una certa attività, tanto più crede di essere più bravo di quel che è. L’effetto per cui se sei stupido e/o scarso su un certo tema non sai neanche di esserlo si chiama “effetto Dunning/Kruger”, dal nome dei due psicologi che ne hanno dimostrato la presenza attraverso una serie di esperimenti. Si tratta in buona sostanza di una “stupidità al quadrato”, in quanto sei stupido e lo sei talmente tanto da non capire di esserlo. La prova di ciò? Mi piace: