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Sociology Central

Sociology Central
Related:  Sociology of GenderSociology - Youth

Gender and Society: A Matter of Nature or Nurture? "Men have always been afraid that women could get along without them." --Margaret Mead In addition to age, gender is one of the universal dimensions on which status differences are based. Women have always had lower status than men, but the extent of the gap between the sexes varies across cultures and time (some arguing that it is inversely related to social evolution). And the significance of the stamps above? Matters of gender are scattered throughout these pages, including gender differences in household duties, in in voting during the 1996 Presidential election, and in suicide rates cross-nationally. The State of the World Population 2000: Lives Together, Worlds Apart--Men and Women in a Time of Change from the United Nations Population Fund GenderNet from the World Bank. According to Gallup surveys, in 1946 Americans felt by a margin of 54% to 24% that women live more difficult lives than men. In the 1930s, 26 of 48 states had laws prohibiting the employment of married women.

Sharpie die hards keep Australia's only home-grown youth subculture alive Updated Australian music stalwart Chane Chane is part of a small rearguard of 'sharpies' desperate to preserve a subculture that flourished in the late 60s and early 70s. Defined by idiosyncratic fashion and footwear and even stranger dancing and live music, some claim that the sharpies were Australia's only truly home-grown youth subculture. Chane Chane once led a sharpie gang in Melbourne at a time the gangs were battling with mods, long hairs and surfies. "It was like breathing in electricity," he told 7.30. "We were all between 14 and 18. "It was a great feeling of freedom." Chane Chane is now the lead singer of a band called the City Sharps, who are trying to keep the sharpie spirit alive. "It being uniquely Australian is fantastic," he said. "A lot of the young kids today are influenced by either British or American music, fashion and culture, and we've got our own inside us. "All you [have] got to do is play that Aussie rock music and it starts coming out in you."

Social Research Methods Masculinities | Raewyn Connell To speak of masculinities is to speak about gender relations. Masculinities are not equivalent to men; they concern the position of men in a gender order. They can be defined as the patterns of practice by which people (both men and women, though predominantly men) engage that position. There is abundant evidence that masculinities are multiple, with internal complexities and even contradictions; also that masculinities change in history, and that women have a considerable role in making them, in interaction with boys and men. I have been an interested observer of masculinities all my life, but began to think of this as a researchable issue in the late 1970s. A research project on secondary schools, described in the Education section, crystallized this idea. I managed to get funding for a study of social theories of gender. I didn’t think of it that way. The project turned out well, with a series of papers that described the dynamics of masculinities in different social settings.

Scraton, Phil --- "The Criminalisation and Punishment of Children and Young People: Introduction" [2008] CICrimJust 10; (2008) 20(1) Current Issues in Criminal Justice 1 You are here: AustLII >> Databases >> Current Issues in Criminal Justice >> 2008 >> [2008] CICrimJust 10 Database Search | Name Search | Recent Articles | Noteup | LawCite | Author Info | Download | Help Scraton, Phil --- "The Criminalisation and Punishment of Children and Young People: Introduction" [2008] CICrimJust 10; (2008) 20(1) Current Issues in Criminal Justice 1 Phil Scraton[1] ‘Folk Devils and Moral Panics’ Revisited Few public debates are mounted and sustained with such righteous indignation, outrage and vitriol than those concerning the ‘antisocial behaviour’, ‘persistent offending’, ‘abusiveness’ and ‘thuggery’ of children and young people. Writing during the same period Jock Young (1971:38) discussed the ‘gross misperception of deviants’ as a consequence ‘of social segregation and stereotyped information purveyed via the mass media’. Once the ‘folk devil’ is mobilised in popular discourse and political rhetoric the process of amplification generates a broader ‘moral panic’.

Social Science Research Network (SSRN) Home Page Functionalism (philosophy of mind) Since mental states are identified by a functional role, they are said to be realized on multiple levels; in other words, they are able to be manifested in various systems, even perhaps computers, so long as the system performs the appropriate functions. While computers are physical devices with electronic substrate that perform computations on inputs to give outputs, so brains are physical devices with neural substrate that perform computations on inputs which produce behaviors. An important part of some accounts of functionalism is the idea of multiple realizability. In non-technical terms, a Turing machine can be visualized as an indefinitely and infinitely long tape divided into rectangles (the memory) with a box-shaped scanning device that sits over and scans one component of the memory at a time. Halt: Do nothing.R: move one square to the right.L: move one square to the left.B: erase whatever is on the square.1: erase whatever is on the square and print a '1.

Juvenile delinquency, welfare, justice and therapeutic interventions: a global perspective Bağımsız Sosyal Bilimciler Search Tips Millennials: Technology = Social Connection Where’s the strangest place you’ve ever used your smartphone or tablet PC? For Millennials, the real question is where haven’t they used their devices. While the Millennial generation indeed founded the social media movement, having been born directly into a new era of technology between 1977 and 1995, their interests, backgrounds and aspirations span well beyond what’s listed on their Facebook pages. This generation’s digital tendencies, however, means that marketers and brands need to step up their games in order to keep up and engage with them. And these 18-to-36 year-olds are worth the effort. Why? Have Tech, Will Travel The Millennial generation, also known as Generation Y, is the first to come of age with cable TV, the Internet and cell phones, so technology is essentially baked into every Millennial’s DNA. Given their fluency and comfort with technology, Millennials have more of a positive view of how technology is affecting their lives than any other generation.

International Network for Social Network Analysis Functionalism Functionalism is a theory about the nature of mental states. According to functionalism, mental states are identified by what they do rather than by what they are made of. This can be understood by thinking about artifacts like mousetraps and keys. In particular, the original motivation for functionalism comes from the helpful comparison of minds with computers. Table of Contents 1. Functionalism is a theory about the nature of mental states. 2. Consider, for example, mouse traps. Contrast mouse traps with diamonds. These examples can be used to explain the core idea of functionalism. As it has thus far been explained, functionalism is a theory about the nature of mental states. Often philosophers and cognitive scientists have subscribed to more than one of these versions of functionalism together. All this being said, metaphysical functionalism is the central doctrine and probably the most widely endorsed. 3. But it is also plausible that not all stuffs are made up in this way. 4. P1.