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The Higgs Boson Explained

The Higgs Boson Explained

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Physicists identify molecules by vibrational signatures Professor Wilson Ho, center, and graduate students Mohammad Rezaei, left, and Barry Stipe show off their "homemade" scanning tunneling microscope in a basement laboratory in Clark Hall. The instrument, enclosed in a vacuum chamber and cooled by liquid helium, is precise enough to resolve parts of molecules. Frank DiMeo/University Photography 125 Great Science Videos: From Astronomy to Physics & Psychology Astronomy & Space Travel A Brief, Wondrous Tour of Earth (From Outer Space) – Video – Recorded from August to October, 2011 at the International Space Station, this HD footage offers a brilliant tour of our planet and stunning views of the aurora borealis.A Universe from Nothing – Video – In 53 minutes, theoretical physicist Lawrence Krauss answers some big enchilada questions, including how the universe came from nothing.A Year of the Moon in 2.5 Minutes – Video – The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter has been orbiting the moon for over a year. The footage gets compressed into 2 slick minutes.A Day on Earth (as Seen From Space) – Video – Astronaut Don Pettit trained his camera on planet Earth, took a photo once every 15 seconds, and then created a brilliant time-lapse film.Atlantis’s Final Landing at Kennedy Space Center – Video – After more than 30 years, the space shuttle era comes to a close. Video runs 30 minutes. Physics

DNA molecules can 'teleport', Nobel Prize winner claims A Nobel Prize winning biologist has ignited controversy after publishing details of an experiment in which a fragment of DNA appeared to ‘teleport’ or imprint itself between test tubes. According to a team headed by Luc Montagnier, previously known for his work on HIV and AIDS, two test tubes, one of which contained a tiny piece of bacterial DNA, the other pure water, were surrounded by a weak electromagnetic field of 7Hz. Eighteen hours later, after DNA amplification using a polymerase chain reaction, as if by magic the DNA was detectable in the test tube containing pure water. Oddly, the original DNA sample had to be diluted many times over for the experiment to work, which might explain why the phenomenon has not been detected before, assuming that this is what has happened. The phenomenon might be very loosely described as 'teleportation' except that the bases project or imprint themselves across space rather than simply moving from one place to another. What does all of this mean?

Study: The Universe has almost stopped making new stars Most of the stars that will ever exist have already been born, according to the most comprehensive survey of the age of the night sky. An international team of astronomers used three telescopes -- the UK Infrared Telescope and the Subaru Telescope, both in Hawaii, and Chile's Very Large Telescope -- to study trends in star formation, from the earliest days of the universe. Extrapolating their findings has revealed that half of all the stars that have ever existed were created between nine and 11 billion years ago, with the other half created in the years since. That means that rate at which new stars are born has dropped off massively, to the extent that (if this trend continues) 95 percent of all the stars that this universe will ever see have already been born. We do know that many stars around today -- including our own -- likely formed out of the dust left over from earlier, bigger stars going supernova in the early years of the universe. Image: Shutterstock

What Today's Higgs Boson Discovery Really Means The boson series, in short and somewhat muddied recollection of the subject. Please do your own research if you want a fully accurate description, google and wikipedia are great places to start, cassiopea project has a video series on the standard model that explain it pretty well too. The term 'boson' is a concatenation of Bose-Einstein, representing physical properties which are very alien to what we normally observe.

Researchers find what may be a new state of matter Think way back to elementary or primary school, somewhere around third-grade physical science, when you first learned about the various states of matter. At the time you were undoubtedly told that there were three states of matter: solid, liquid, and gas. Solid is where the atoms are tightly packed into some arrangement and vibrate in place; liquids have more freedom of motion and vibration, allowing them to take on any bulk shape; gas molecules had near complete freedom of motion and rarely saw another molecule. Cosmos is a fantastic show about ideological conversion more than it’s about science Like Carl Sagan before him, Neil deGrasse Tyson is constructing a cult of personality. Also like Sagan, that personality is not his own. In both its versions, Cosmos has had to serve a number of masters — they’ve both had to educate, to entertain, and to bring in advertising. By far their most defining goal, however, the one that most differentiates them from both the Planet Earths and Bill Nyes of the world, is ideological. Cosmos was, and very thankfully still is, an unabashed attempt to exalt the scientist and to advance the scientific worldview in its entirety, with as few tactful omissions as possible. The series’ educational and awe-inspiring content ultimately serves to illustrate and support the real mission: straight up ideological conversion.

Two Diamonds Linked by Strange Quantum Entanglement Scientists have linked two diamonds in a mysterious process called entanglement that is normally only seen on the quantum scale. Entanglement is so weird that Einstein dubbed it "spooky action at a distance." It's a strange effect where one object gets connected to another so that even if they are separated by large distances, an action performed on one will affect the other. Entanglement usually occurs with subatomic particles, and was predicted by the theory of quantum mechanics, which governs the realm of the very small. But now physicists have succeeded in entangling two macroscopic diamonds, demonstrating that quantum mechanical effects are not limited to the microscopic scale.

CERN physicists find hint of Higgs boson Researchers at the CERN particle accelerator have found "intriguing hints" of the Higgs boson, a moment of major progress in years of previously unfruitful searching for the elusive subatomic particle. The search for the Higgs boson is the top priority of CERN's massive and expensive Large Hadron Collider near Geneva, Switzerland. Its Atlas experiment showed a statistically suspicious increase in activity that indicates the Higgs could be pinned down with a mass of 126 giga-electron-volts, and showing some important agreement, its independent CMS experiment found a possible result nearby at 124GeV. "We observe an excess of events around mass of about 126 GeV," CERN physicist and Atlas leader Fabiola Gianotti said in slides presented today at a CERN seminar to physicists who applauded her results. That equates to about 212 quintillionths of a gram; by comparison, a proton is more than 100 times lighter with a mass of 0.938GeV.

Integral challenges physics beyond Einstein Integral challenges physics beyond Einstein Gamma-ray burst 30 June 2011 ESA’s Integral gamma-ray observatory has provided results that will dramatically affect the search for physics beyond Einstein. It has shown that any underlying quantum ‘graininess’ of space must be at much smaller scales than previously predicted. The universe is a string-net liquid New Scientist published an article about string-net theory and unification of light and electrons. The following is my modification of the article trying to make it more accurate. -- Xiao-Gang Wen The universe is a string-net liquid A mysterious green crystal may be challenging our most basic ideas about matter and even space-time itself Zeeya Merali (March 15, 2007)

Astronomers spy most distant Solar System object ever NASA/ESA/G. Bacon/STScI The Kuiper belt lies beyond Neptune. Astronomers have spotted the most distant object ever seen in the Solar System: a frigid world that currently lies 103 times farther from the Sun than Earth does. Physics Community Afire With Rumors of Higgs Boson Discovery One of the biggest debuts in the science world could happen in a matter of weeks: The Higgs boson may finally, really have been discovered. Ever since tantalizing hints of the Higgs turned up in December at the Large Hadron Collider, scientists there have been busily analyzing the results of their energetic particle collisions to further refine their search. “The bottom line though is now clear: There’s something there which looks like a Higgs is supposed to look,” wrote mathematician Peter Woit on his blog, Not Even Wrong.

Astrophysics: Fire in the hole! Andy Potts In March 2012, Joseph Polchinski began to contemplate suicide — at least in mathematical form. A string theorist at the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics in Santa Barbara, California, Polchinski was pondering what would happen to an astronaut who dived into a black hole. Obviously, he would die. But how?

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