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Kepler Telescope Finds Plethora of Earth-Size Planets A little more than two decades ago, no planets had ever been detected outside the solar system. Now, more than 1,000 extrasolar planets have been confirmed, and on Monday the team behind the Kepler Space Telescope announced a haul of 833 more candidate planets to consider adding to the tally. This embarrassment of riches is far beyond what scientists dared to hope for before NASA launched the Kepler mission in 2009. The telescope, in permanent orbit around the sun, identifies planets by watching them “transit,” or pass in front of, their stars, briefly dimming the stars’ light. “When I first started working with Kepler right before launch, I thought there would be maybe a thousand planets that Kepler would find,” Jason Rowe, an astronomer at the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence Institute in Mountain View, Calif., said during a press conference Monday at the Kepler Science Conference in Moffett Field, Calif.

Extraterrestrial Mummy Found in Peru Published: 12:38 PM - 03-16-11 Could this be an Extraterrestrial Mummy? The photo was apparently taken back in 1972 by an archeology team from the University of Illinois while visiting a private musem in Arequipa, Peru. While the team were viewing exhibits, they were invited to view a special room 'out the back' which is where the mummy was being housed. This photo was taken at this time by one of the team members. According to the museum records, the mummy came from a group of locals who were scavenging what they thought were Inca tombs hidden in a nearly inaccessible cave high in the mountains near Tres Cruces.

Radio telescopes capture best-ever snapshot of black hole jets An international team, including NASA-funded researchers, using radio telescopes located throughout the Southern Hemisphere has produced the most detailed image of particle jets erupting from a supermassive black hole in a nearby galaxy. "These jets arise as infalling matter approaches the black hole, but we don't yet know the details of how they form and maintain themselves," said Cornelia Mueller, the study's lead author and a doctoral student at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg in Germany. The new image shows a region less than 4.2 light-years across -- less than the distance between our sun and the nearest star. Radio-emitting features as small as 15 light-days can be seen, making this the highest-resolution view of galactic jets ever made.

The Standard Model The theories and discoveries of thousands of physicists since the 1930s have resulted in a remarkable insight into the fundamental structure of matter: everything in the universe is found to be made from a few basic building blocks called fundamental particles, governed by four fundamental forces. Our best understanding of how these particles and three of the forces are related to each other is encapsulated in the Standard Model of particle physics. Developed in the early 1970s, it has successfully explained almost all experimental results and precisely predicted a wide variety of phenomena. Over time and through many experiments, the Standard Model has become established as a well-tested physics theory.

The Earth – and Its Average Inhabitant – at 7 Billion People (Infographic) According to the U.N. Population Fund, on October 31, 2011, the earth became home to 7 billion people. And the population is growing quickly. Perfection is a myth, show 50,000 bacterial generations - life - 15 November 2013 When it comes to evolution, there is no such thing as perfection. Even in the simple, unchanging environment of a laboratory flask, bacteria never stop making small tweaks to improve their fitness. That's the conclusion of the longest-running evolutionary experiment carried out in a lab. In 1988, Richard Lenski of Michigan State University in East Lansing began growing 12 cultures of the same strain of Escherichia coli bacteria. The bacteria have been growing ever since, in isolation, on a simple nutrient medium – a total of more than 50,000 E. coli generations to date.

German police baffled by case of English-speaking boy with no identity He walked out of a German forest, speaking English and knowing only his first name. Police in Berlin are trying to unravel the mystery of a teenager who says he has no idea who he is or where he comes from. The boy presented himself to the Berlin authorities last week saying all he knew was that his first name was Ray, he was probably 17 years old and he and his father had roamed through the woods for about five years.

Daylight Hours Explorer Shows the hours of daylight received during the year for an observer at a given latitude. This is an important factor contributing to the seasons. Running this animation on your computer... Probing The Matrix: Is our universe simulated, and if so… by who? Interpreting the universe as a computer simulation is perhaps the inevitable byproduct of living in the computer age. The question today is not whether we live inside a simulation, but rather — what does it want, and what compromises with regard to the welfare its inhabitants might have been made to get it? The first rudimentary experiments to poke it in the belly and see how it jiggles are just getting underway. If it’s possible to hack the universe, then particle physicists must be its early phone phreakers. Fears, which turned out to exaggerated, were raised few years ago that a black hole might unwittingly be created inside the Large Hadron Collider. Arguably, it is more accurate to say that with the theories that prescribe the existence of subatomic particles that exist nowhere else in the known universe, these folks actually invent them, rather than just discover them.

Fear the Beard: Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Facial Hair (Infographic) Ever wonder if growing facial hair has a purpose beyond making it easier to play “Spot the Hipster” at trendy urban coffee houses? Apparently it does. While modern may might grow a beard to intimidate opposing batters, prehistoric men grew beards to keep warm, intimidate enemies and protect their faces from punches. Plus, ancient civilizations saw beards as a sign of honor, and women today — while admitting they find bearded men to be 67% as attractive as clean shaven men — consider guys with full facial hair to be more respected, powerful and of higher status. 97 Cosmic Facts about Space The first person to look into space with a telescope was Galileo, nearly 400 years ago.e Because fragrance is dependent on several environmental factors, such as temperature, humidity, and a flower’s age, flowers smell differently in space than they do on Earth. The fragrance of a variety of roses grown on the space shuttle Discovery was later replicated and incorporated into “Zen,” a perfume sold by the Japanese company Shiseido.l Space is flexible. It’s been expanding at a measurable rate since the beginning of time.c In the vacuum of space, there is no sound There is no sound in space.e In the film 2001: A Space Odyssey, Bowman should have exhaled instead of inhaling before attempting to re-enter the ship from the pod after HAL locks him out. Space has been "stretching" since the Big Bang The Big Bang theory rests on an idea called inflation theory, which holds that at a fraction of a moment after the dawn of creation, the universe underwent a sudden dramatic expansion.

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