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How Norwegians made sure criminals went to Hell. During the Middle Ages, people had a clear vision of what Hell was like.

How Norwegians made sure criminals went to Hell

The Church helped fuel these fears of what could happen to you in the afterlife. This picture was painted on the wall of a church in Denmark during the 1400s. (Photo: Hideko Bondesen, CC BY-SA 2.5) Skulls buried in a half-circle, facing southeast. Norwegians impolite? Forget it! Norwegians don't care to start conversations with strangers on the bus.

Norwegians impolite? Forget it!

’Twas dangerous to insult a Viking. Heimskringla drawing of King Olav speaking at the Thing, or parliamentary assembly.

’Twas dangerous to insult a Viking

Many slights, crimes and disagreements were discussed and settled at both local and regional assemblies. RSA Animate - The Empathic Civilisation. The Entire History Of Human Culture... In 5 Minutes. If you could compress 2,600 years of cultural history into one moment, it'd look something like this.

The Entire History Of Human Culture... In 5 Minutes

The stunning visualization created by Maximilian Schich, an art historian at the University of Texas at Dallas, depicts the birth and death locations of history's most influential people. Schich's team pulled information from Freebase, a database of historical figures. The mapping starts in 600 B.C., around the dawn of the Roman Empire, and ends in 2012. The blue dots represent birth locations, and the red dots show death locations. Over time, as migration and population booms shift around the world, the map lights up in a web of red and blue. The graphic reveals "human mobility patterns and cultural attraction dynamics," according to the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

The map is highly Eurocentric, with most of its 150,000 "notable individuals" hailing from Western countries. You can read more about the study behind the video here. h/t Nature. The story of a dream turning into a totalitarian nightmare in a rural village in Chile. They were warmly welcomed in Chile and, like so many other European emigrants, were able to buy land and largely do as they pleased.

The story of a dream turning into a totalitarian nightmare in a rural village in Chile

The Famous and the Dead: Perfumed Nostalgia or Something More? ~ Columns. Although the choice of Chanel to front her latest campaign for the iconic Chanel No.5 fragrance with the medium that originally made it famous all over the world, Marilyn Monroe, is a vast improvement over the inexplicably lame former choice of Brad Pitt reciting gibberish poetry, it still leaves something to be desired.

The Famous and the Dead: Perfumed Nostalgia or Something More? ~ Columns

A giggling—and possibly rather drunk—Marilyn is heard saying to Georges Belmont for French Marie Claire,"You know, they ask me questions. Civilization is defined by others. (Illustration: Annica Thomsson) What does it mean to be a civilized person?

Civilization is defined by others

A civilized nation? How are these notions changing over time? And from one country to another? In the recently concluded project Civility, Virtue and Emotions in Europe and Asia, researchers from several different countries and disciplines have studied these questions. Media influences our attitude towards the wealthy. “The wealthy do not contribute to society,” is a common line in Swedish media.

Media influences our attitude towards the wealthy

Danish media, on the other hand, portrays ‘the wealthy’ less as a distinct group. This affects our attitudes towards income equality, says researcher. (Photo: Shutterstock) Five Corporation-Crushing Disruptive Technologies That Will Empower the Masses. Everyone knows we are at the mercy of huge corporations in multitude of ways.

Five Corporation-Crushing Disruptive Technologies That Will Empower the Masses

Just look at Big Oil. We are wildly dependent on them as not only individuals, but as a nation and a world. Though Exxon stands atop the global economic podium, the technology sector isn’t far behind. Apple made nearly as much in profits in 2012’s fourth quarter as Exxon (a ridiculous $8.2 billion). Maya civilization's roots may lie in ritual. Ancient Maya civilization was born of public rituals devised several thousand years ago as a result of mingling among groups spread across what’s now southern Mexico and Guatemala.

Maya civilization's roots may lie in ritual

STANDING ON CEREMONY After excavating through layers of construction at an ancient Maya site in Guatemala, researchers found a ritual plaza from around 3,000 years ago. T. Inomata That’s the provocative conclusion of a report, published April 25 in Science, describing the excavation of that region’s oldest known ceremonial structures. Stone Age children helped in tool production. The discarded axe from Hundvåg is damaged by a succession of failed strokes in both edge and body, suggesting that it was sculpted by an unskilled knapper, probably a child. Norwegian guerrilla warfare in the Iron Age. This axe was used during the transition between the early and the late Iron Age. A recipe for brain gain. Students’ loyalty to a region, the student town, and the university college they attend is important for regional progress.

(Photo: Colourbox) Studies of customer satisfaction have been used to evaluate everything from ketchup brands to office furniture. But now Norwegian researchers are using customer satisfaction surveys to study the Norwegian seaport town of Ålesund and its university college to see what people like about them. The idea is to understand what makes young adults stick around for studies and careers.

This is an important topic for a community that is desperate for human resources, and an intriguing one for anyone who has an interest in how statistics can answer complex questions about brain drain. Brain drain.