Illuminati History The Owl of Minerva perched on a book was an emblem used by the Bavarian Illuminati in their "Minerval" degree. The Illuminati movement was founded on May 1, 1776 in Ingolstadt, Upper Bavaria as the Order of the Illuminati, and had an initial membership of five. The founder was the Jesuit-taught Adam Weishaupt (d. 1830), who was the first lay professor of canon law at the University of Ingolstadt. The Order was made up of freethinkers as an offshoot of the Enlightenment and seems to have been modelled on the Freemasons. Illuminati members took a vow of secrecy and pledged obedience to their superiors. Fundamental changes occurred in the wake of the acceptance of Adolph Freiherr Knigge into the order. In 1777, Karl Theodor became ruler of Bavaria. Barruel and Robison The works of Robison and Barruel made their way to the United States, and across New England, Reverend Jedidiah Morse and others gave sermons against the Illuminati. Modern Illuminati Popular culture Novels
Category:Secret societies Subcategories This category has the following 19 subcategories, out of 19 total. Pages in category "Secret societies" The following 95 pages are in this category, out of 95 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more). List of Skull and Bones members Skull and Bones entry from the 1948 Yale Banner. Former United States President George Herbert Walker Bush is listed fourth down. Skull and Bones, a secret society at Yale University, was founded in 1832. Until 1971, the organization published annual membership rosters, which were kept at Yale's library. There are no official rosters published after 1982 and membership for later years is speculative. Founding members (1832–1833 academic year) William Huntington Russell, founder of Skull and Bones and the namesake of the society's corporate body, the Russell Trust Association Frederick Ellsworth Mather (1833), Democratic member of the New York State Assembly (1854–1857)Phineas Timothy Miller, (1833) American physicianWilliam Huntington Russell (1833), Connecticut State Legislator, Major General:82Alphonso Taft (1833), U.S. 19th century 1830s 1840s Orris S. 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s Henry L.
MediaGuru - reklama, marketing a média očima Gurua Council on Foreign Relations and Members of “Interest”. | Anonymous World Legion Council The Web Page for Council on Foreign Relations ( is HERE . The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) is an American nonprofit, nonpartisan membership organization, publisher, and think tank specializing in U.S. foreign policy and international affairs. The CFR is considered to be the nation’s “most influential foreign-policy think tank”. As of January 13, 2014 HERE is the Membership Roster for the Council on Foreign Relations. The two persons of interest, that we are looking at are Victoria Nuland, Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs at the United States Department of State, and her spouse Robert W. If you Click on the letter “K” HERE you will find Robert W. Click HERE for political experience information about Robert Kagan. Robert Kagan AKA Robert W. Born: 26-Sep-1958 Birthplace: Athens, NY Gender: Male Race or Ethnicity: White Sexual orientation: Straight Occupation: Government, Columnist, Author Nationality: United States Henry Jackson Society
Secret society "Secret Society Buildings at Yale College", by Alice Donlevy ca. 1880. Pictured are: Psi Upsilon (Beta Chapter), 120 High Street. Left center: Skull & Bones (Russell Trust Association), 64 High Street. Right center: Delta Kappa Epsilon (Phi Chapter), east side of York Street, south of Elm Street. A secret society is a club or organization whose activities, events, and inner functioning are concealed from non-members. Anthropologically and historically, secret societies are deeply interlinked with the concept of the Mannerbund, the all-male "warrior-band" or "warrior-society" of pre-modern cultures (see H. A purported "family tree of secret societies" has been proposed, although it may not be comprehensive. The Thuggee were a secret cult of assassins who worshipped the Hindu goddess Kali. Alan Axelrod, author of the International Encyclopedia of Secret Societies and Fraternal Orders, defines a secret society as an organization that: David V. Politics Revolutions
Théosophie Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Emblème de la société théosophique. Les cinq symboles visibles dans le sceau sont l'Étoile de David, l'Ânkh, la Sauvastika, l'Ouroboros et, au-dessus du sceau, le signe Aum. Autour du sceau sont écrits les mots : « Il n'y a pas de religion supérieure à la Vérité ». Le terme théosophie fait référence à un système philosophique ésotérique à travers lequel l'être humain tente de connaître « le Divin » et les mystères de la Vérité. La « théosophie antique » est à distinguer de la « théosophie moderne » ou « théosophisme » se référant à la Société théosophique. Théosophie antique[modifier | modifier le code] La théosophie (theosophia — en grec : theos, divin et sophia, sagesse) a été fondée par des auteurs de l'Antiquité. Pour Porphyre, le theosophos est « un être idéal unissant en lui-même la qualité d'un philosophe, d'un artiste et d'un prêtre du plus haut niveau ». Théosophie moderne / Théosophisme[modifier | modifier le code]
Luciferianism Luciferianism is a belief system that includes both theistic and secular denominations, and is therefore heavily influenced by personal perspectives and experiences. Considered by many to be a religion and by all to be a philosophy or way of life, Luciferianism as a whole has no specific dogma to which its “followers” adhere. Rather, it is a deeply personal outlook with numerous variations ranging from the veneration of a literal deity and the practice of occultism to a secular set of principles, using mythological references as a form of symbolism and cultural tradition. General beliefs Although sometimes mistakenly associated with Satanism due to the Christian interpretation of the fallen angel, Luciferianism is a wholly different and unrelated belief system and does not revere the Devil figure or most characteristics typically affixed to Satan. Contrary to popular misconceptions, Luciferianism does not typically support violence or amoral practices.
Juan Negrín Monumento a D. Juan Negrín. Juan Negrín López (Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 3 de febrero de 1892 - París, 12 de noviembre de 1956) fue un médico fisiólogo y político español, Presidente del Gobierno de la II República entre 1937 y 1945, ya en el exilio. El caso de Negrín es atípico en la política española. Presidente del gobierno de la República desde 1937 hasta 1939, Juan Negrín fue uno de los personajes más controvertidos de la Guerra Civil Española. Vida personal, familia y primeros estudios[editar] Hijo primogénito de Juan Negrín Cabrera, próspero hombre de negocios canario, muy bien relacionado comercialmente con Europa, y de Dolores López Marrero, natural de San Mateo, en la isla de Gran Canaria. Negrín estudió las primeras letras en su ciudad natal en el colegio privado “La Soledad”, y obtuvo las máximas calificaciones en el Bachillerato, a la edad de 14 años. Carrera académica en España[editar] Carrera política en la Segunda República[editar] Guerra Civil[editar]
Alexandra Robbins Alexandra Robbins (born in 1976) is a journalist, lecturer, and author. Her books focus on young adults, education, and modern college life and its aspects that are often overlooked or ignored by college administrators. Three of her five books have been New York Times Best Sellers. Biography Bush educational record Along with author Jane Mayer, she broke the story about President Bush's unimpressive college grades and SATs in The New Yorker. Robbins was a guest on the satirical program The Colbert Report on August 9 of 2006, during which Colbert challenged claims Robbins makes in The Overachievers, citing some observations of Robbins' own experience, while she countered with observations about systemic problems resulting from a highly competitive system, the cheating that is endemic to competition and problems with standardized testing, arguing that the aforementioned conditions teach misplaced values. Books References General
Top 10 Secret Societies No matter what their supposed purpose, there’s something inherently sinister about a secret society. Though most are formed with relatively realistic political and religious goals in mind, their focus on mystery and secrecy has made them the target of countless criticisms and conspiracy theories involving everything from aliens and the occult to world domination. Of course, the reality is usually much more innocuous, but that doesn’t mean that the groups don’t have some fascinatingly weird practices, or that they haven’t had an impact on world events. With this in mind, the following are ten of the most famous and influential secret societies in history. 10. Famous Members Aleister Crowley Ordo Templi Orientis is a mystic organization that was started in the early twentieth century. Secret Practices As Aleister Crowley’s popularity as a new age figure has continued to grow, more and more of the teachings of the Ordo Templi Orientis have come to light. 9. 8. Famous Members None of note 7.
Hermetica Scope The term particularly applies to the Corpus Hermeticum, Marsilio Ficino's Latin translation in fourteen tracts, of which eight early printed editions appeared before 1500 and a further twenty-two by 1641. This collection, which includes the Pœmandres and some addresses of Hermes to disciples Tat, Ammon and Asclepius, was said to have originated in the school of Ammonius Saccas and to have passed through the keeping of Michael Psellus: it is preserved in fourteenth century manuscripts. The last three tracts in modern editions were translated independently from another manuscript by Ficino's contemporary Lodovico Lazzarelli (1447–1500) and first printed in 1507. Extensive quotes of similar material are found in classical authors such as Joannes Stobaeus. Parts of the Hermetica appeared in the 4th-century Gnostic library found in Nag Hammadi. Character and antiquity Later history Standard editions Contents of Corpus Hermeticum I. (II.) II. III. IV. V.