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Jorge Luis Borges

Jorge Luis Borges
Jorge Francisco Isidoro Luis Borges, KBE (Spanish: [ˈxorxe ˈlwis ˈβorxes] In 1914 his family moved to Switzerland, where he studied at the Collège de Genève. The family travelled widely in Europe, including stays in Spain. On his return to Argentina in 1921, Borges began publishing his poems and essays in surrealist literary journals. He also worked as a librarian and public lecturer. In 1955 he was appointed director of the National Public Library and professor of Literature at the University of Buenos Aires. His international reputation was consolidated in the 1960s, aided by his works being available in English, by the Latin American Boom and by the success of García Márquez's One Hundred Years of Solitude.[6] Writer and essayist J. Life and career[edit] Early life and education[edit] Jorge Luis Borges in 1921 At nine, Jorge Luis Borges translated Oscar Wilde's The Happy Prince into Spanish. Early writing career[edit] Later career[edit] Jorge Luis Borges in the 1940s

Ludwig Wittgenstein Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (26 April 1889 – 29 April 1951) was an Austrian-British philosopher who worked primarily in logic, the philosophy of mathematics, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of language.[4] From 1939–1947, Wittgenstein taught at the University of Cambridge.[5] During his lifetime he published just one slim book, the 75-page Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1921), one article, one book review and a children's dictionary.[6] His voluminous manuscripts were edited and published posthumously. Philosophical Investigations appeared as a book in 1953 and by the end of the century it was considered an important modern classic.[7] Philosopher Bertrand Russell described Wittgenstein as "the most perfect example I have ever known of genius as traditionally conceived; passionate, profound, intense, and dominating".[8] Born in Vienna into one of Europe's richest families, he inherited a large fortune from his father in 1913. Background[edit] The Wittgensteins[edit]

Маяковский, Владимир Владимирович Влади́мир Влади́мирович Маяко́вский (7 [19] июля 1893, Багдати, Кутаисская губерния[1] — 14 апреля 1930, Москва) — русский советский поэт, один из крупнейших поэтов XX века[2][3][4]. Помимо поэзии ярко проявил себя как драматург, киносценарист, кинорежиссёр, киноактёр, художник, редактор журналов «ЛЕФ» («Левый Фронт»), «Новый ЛЕФ». Биография[править | править исходный текст] Владимир Маяковский родился в селе Багдати Кутаисской губернии (в советское время посёлок назывался Маяковский) в Грузии, в семье Владимира Константиновича Маяковского (1857—1906), служившего лесничим третьего разряда в Эриванской губернии, с 1889 в Багдатском лесничестве. Мать поэта, Александра Алексеевна Павленко (1867—1954), из рода кубанских казаков, родилась на Кубани. В 1902 году Маяковский поступил в гимназию в Кутаиси. Первое «полустихотворение» Маяковский напечатал в нелегальном журнале «Порыв», который издавался Третьей гимназией. Маяковский в 1910 году Семья Маяковских, Кутаиси, 1905 год В.

I Ching The I Ching, also known as the Classic of Changes, Book of Changes, Zhouyi and Yijing, is one of the oldest of the Chinese classic texts.[1] The book contains a divination system comparable to Western geomancy or the West African Ifá system; in Western cultures and modern East Asia, it is still widely used for this purpose. Traditionally, the I Ching and its hexagrams were thought to pre-date recorded history,[2] and based on traditional Chinese accounts, its origins trace back to the 3rd and 2nd millennia BCE.[3] Modern scholarship suggests that the earliest layers of the text may date from the end of the 2nd millennium BCE, but place doubts on the mythological aspects in the traditional accounts.[4] Some consider the I Ching the oldest extant book of divination, dating from 1,000 BCE and before.[5] The oldest manuscript that has been found, albeit incomplete, dates back to the Warring States period (475–221 BCE).[6] History[edit] Traditional view[edit] Modernist view[edit] Structure[edit]

Authors Movements of Voice

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