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Carl Sagan

Carl Sagan
Carl Edward Sagan (/ˈseɪɡən/; November 9, 1934 – December 20, 1996) was an American astronomer, cosmologist, astrophysicist, astrobiologist, author, science popularizer, and science communicator in astronomy and other natural sciences. His contributions were central to the discovery of the high surface temperatures of Venus. However, he is best known for his contributions to the scientific research of extraterrestrial life, including experimental demonstration of the production of amino acids from basic chemicals by radiation. Sagan assembled the first physical messages that were sent into space: the Pioneer plaque and the Voyager Golden Record, universal messages that could potentially be understood by any extraterrestrial intelligence that might find them. Sagan always advocated scientific skeptical inquiry and the scientific method, pioneered exobiology and promoted the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence (SETI). §Early life[edit] My parents were not scientists. Related:  authors

Stephen King Arthur Conan Doyle Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle KStJ, DL (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a Scottish physician and writer who is most noted for his fictional stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered milestones in the field of crime fiction. He is also known for writing the fictional adventures of a second character he invented, Professor Challenger, and for popularising the mystery of the Mary Celeste.[1] He was a prolific writer whose other works include fantasy and science fiction stories, plays, romances, poetry, non-fiction, and historical novels. Life and career[edit] Early life[edit] Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle was born on 22 May 1859 at 11 Picardy Place, Edinburgh, Scotland.[2][3] His father, Charles Altamont Doyle, was born in England of Irish Catholic descent, and his mother, Mary (née Foley), was Irish Catholic. Doyle's father died in 1893, in the Crichton Royal, Dumfries, after many years of psychiatric illness.[13][14] Name[edit] Writing career[edit]

Tom Sharpe Born in 1928 in Croydon, Sharpe was an alumnus of Pembroke College, Cambridge, before moving to South Africa for a decade then being deported for sedition for speaking out against apartheid. He returned to England to lecture before spending time between the UK and Spain, writing a series of novels. He died in 2013 from complications of diabetes. His ashes were interred in the graveyard at the remote Northumberland church at Thockrington, where his father had been a preacher.[2] Life[edit] Sharpe was educated at Bloxham School followed by Lancing College and then did National Service in the Royal Marines, before going to Pembroke College, Cambridge where he studied history and social anthropology.[3] Sharpe moved to South Africa in 1951,[8] where he worked as a social worker and a teacher,[8][9] before being deported for sedition in 1961.[8][10] His time in South Africa inspired the novels Riotous Assembly and Indecent Exposure,[8] in which he mocks the apartheid regime. Adaptations[edit]

The Elephant Man (film) The Elephant Man is a 1980 film about Joseph Merrick (whom the script calls John Merrick), a severely deformed man in 19th century London. The film was directed by David Lynch and stars John Hurt, Anthony Hopkins, Anne Bancroft, John Gielgud, Wendy Hiller, Michael Elphick, Hannah Gordon and Freddie Jones. The screenplay was adapted by Lynch, Christopher De Vore and Eric Bergren from Frederick Treves’s The Elephant Man and Other Reminiscences (1923) and Ashley Montagu’s The Elephant Man: A Study in Human Dignity (1971). It was shot in black and white. The Elephant Man was a critical and commercial success with eight Oscar nominations, including Best Picture, Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Actor. London Hospital surgeon Frederick Treves finds John Merrick in a Victorian freak show in London’s East End, where he is kept by the brutish Bytes. John is tended and quarantined by Mrs Mothershead, the formidable matron; the other staff cringe away from Merrick.

Ferran Torrent Ferran Torrent i Llorca (Sedaví, l'Horta, 31 de maig de 1951) és un escriptor i periodista valencià, essent un dels més prolífics en català gràcies a l'alta xifra de vendes. Des dels seus inicis ha sigut conscient de les dificultats culturals i lingüístiques del País Valencià, però, en certa manera, el seu èxit representa la culminació de la normalització lingüística als territoris de parla catalana. Un dels trets més característic dels seus escrits és que fa ús de les variants valencianes. El gènere que més ha treballat és el de la novel·la negra. A més, col·labora cada dissabte i diumenge al programa de ràdio La primera pedra de RAC 1 des de fa diversos anys. Educat en un col·legi de jesuïtes, va començar la carrera de Dret però la va deixar. Aquesta cita és una bona mostra del seu caràcter i manera d'enfrontar la vida: Trajectòria literària[modifica | modifica el codi] A La mirada del tafur (1997) toca per primera vegada el tema del joc a la València dels anys finals del franquisme.

John Milton John Milton (9 December 1608 – 8 November 1674) was an English poet, polemicist, man of letters, and a civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under Oliver Cromwell. He wrote at a time of religious flux and political upheaval, and is best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost (1667), written in blank verse. Milton's poetry and prose reflect deep personal convictions, a passion for freedom and self-determination, and the urgent issues and political turbulence of his day. Writing in English, Latin, Greek, and Italian, he achieved international renown within his lifetime, and his celebrated Areopagitica (1644)—written in condemnation of pre-publication censorship—is among history's most influential and impassioned defenses of free speech and freedom of the press. Because of his republicanism, Milton has been the subject of centuries of British partisanship.[4][when?] Biography[edit] The phases of Milton's life parallel the major historical and political divisions in Stuart Britain.

John le Carré Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. John le Carré, né David John Moore Cornwell, est un romancier britannique, né le 19 octobre 1931 à Poole (Royaume-Uni). Durant les années 1950 et 1960, Cornwell a travaillé pour le MI-5 et le MI6 et a commencé à écrire des romans sous le pseudonyme de « John Le Carré ». Son troisième roman, L'Espion qui venait du froid (1963), est devenu un best-seller international et demeure l'une de ses œuvres les plus connues. Biographie[modifier | modifier le code] John le Carré dit qu'il n'a pas connu sa mère, qui l'a abandonné quand il avait cinq ans, jusqu'à leur re-connaissance quand il eut 21 ans. Le Carré a étudié à l'université de Berne en Suisse de 1948 à 1949 et à l'université d'Oxford au Royaume-Uni, puis enseigna quelque temps au collège d'Eton avant de rejoindre le Foreign Office pendant cinq ans[2]. En 2008, il reçoit le titre de docteur honoris causa de l'université de Berne[3]. Il vit actuellement en Cornouailles. Adaptations au cinéma :

Nikola Tesla Nikola Tesla (Serbian Cyrillic: Никола Тесла; 10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943) was a Serbian American[2][3] inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system.[4] Tesla gained experience in telephony and electrical engineering before emigrating to the United States in 1884 to work for Thomas Edison in New York City. He soon struck out on his own with financial backers, setting up laboratories and companies to develop a range of electrical devices. His patented AC induction motor and transformer were licensed by George Westinghouse, who also hired Tesla for a short time as a consultant. Tesla went on to pursue his ideas of wireless lighting and electricity distribution in his high-voltage, high-frequency power experiments in New York and Colorado Springs and made early (1893) pronouncements on the possibility of wireless communication with his devices.

John Grisham Marina Abramović Marina Abramović (Serbian Cyrillic: Марина Абрамовић, Serbo-Croatian pronunciation: [marǐːna abrǎːmoʋitɕ]; born November 30, 1946) is a Serbian-born artist based in New York, a performance artist who began her career in the early 1970s. Her work explores the relationship between performer and audience, the limits of the body, and the possibilities of the mind. Active for over three decades, she has recently begun to describe herself as the "grandmother of performance art." Early life and education[edit] Abramović's father left the family in 1964. Abramović was a student at the Academy of Fine Arts in Belgrade from 1965–70. From 1971 to 1976, she was married to Neša Paripović. Career[edit] Rhythm 10: 1973[edit] In her first performance in 1973, Abramović explored elements of ritual and gesture. Rhythm 5: 1974[edit] Rhythm 2: 1974[edit] As an experiment testing whether a state of unconsciousness could be incorporated into a performance, Abramović devised a performance in two parts.

Patricia Cornwell Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cornwell. Patricia Cornwell Patricia Cornwell à Paris en 2011 Patricia D. Biographie[modifier | modifier le code] Patricia Daniels est une descendante de Harriet Beecher Stowe, auteur de La Case de l'oncle Tom. Elle poursuit toutefois sa carrière de journaliste (dans le journal The Charlotte Observer (en)), se spécialisant dans les faits divers criminels et les armes à feu, pour lesquels elle développe un penchant qui lui restera toujours[1]. Dès lors, Patricia Cornwell s'attache à faire vivre de nombreuses aventures à son héroïne mais écrit également une autre série en parallèle mettant en scène Judy Hammer et Andy Brazil. Mais, tout en connaissant un fort succès, elle est dépressive et se fait aider par le médicament Prozac tout en buvant énormément. En 2004 ou 2005[3], elle épouse Staci Gruber, une neurologue réputée de Harvard. Œuvres[modifier | modifier le code] Autres[modifier | modifier le code]