background preloader

Karl Marx

Karl Marx
Karl Marx[note 1] (/mɑrks/;[4] German pronunciation: [ˈkaɐ̯l ˈmaɐ̯ks]; 5 May 1818 – 14 March 1883) was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. Marx's work in economics laid the basis for much of the current understanding of labour and its relation to capital, and subsequent economic thought.[5][6][7][8] He published numerous books during his lifetime, the most notable being The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Das Kapital (1867–1894). Born into a wealthy middle-class family in Trier in the Prussian Rhineland, Marx studied at the Universities of Bonn and Berlin where he became interested in the philosophical ideas of the Young Hegelians. After his studies he wrote for Rheinische Zeitung, a radical newspaper in Cologne, and began to work out the theory of the materialist conception of history. Early life[edit] Childhood and early education: 1818–1835[edit] Karl Marx was born on 5 May 1818 to Heinrich Marx and Henrietta Pressburg (1788-1863).

Henry Ford Henry Ford (30 de julio de 1863 – 7 de abril de 1947) fue el fundador de la compañía Ford Motor Company y padre de las cadenas de producción modernas utilizadas para la producción en masa. La introducción del Ford T en el mercado automovilístico revolucionó el transporte y la industria en Estados Unidos. Fue un inventor prolífico que obtuvo 161 patentes registradas en ese país. Como único propietario de la compañía Ford, se convirtió en una de las personas más conocidas y más ricas del mundo. John Maynard Keynes John Maynard Keynes, 1st Baron Keynes,[1] CB, FBA (/ˈkeɪnz/ KAYNZ; 5 June 1883 – 21 April 1946) was a British economist whose ideas have fundamentally affected the theory and practice of modern macroeconomics, and informed the economic policies of governments. He built on and greatly refined earlier work on the causes of business cycles, and is widely considered to be one of the founders of modern macroeconomics and the most influential economist of the 20th century.[2][3][4][5] His ideas are the basis for the school of thought known as Keynesian economics, and its various offshoots. In 1999, Time magazine included Keynes in their list of the 100 most important and influential people of the 20th century, commenting that: "His radical idea that governments should spend money they don't have may have saved capitalism

Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud (AFI pronunciación en alemán: ˈziːkmʊnt ˈfʁɔʏt) (6 de mayo de 1856, en Příbor, Moravia, Imperio austríaco (actualmente República Checa) - 23 de septiembre de 1939, en Londres, Inglaterra, Reino Unido) fue un médico neurólogo austriaco de origen judío, padre del psicoanálisis y una de las mayores figuras intelectuales del siglo XX.[1] Su interés científico inicial como investigador se centró en el campo de la neurología, derivando progresivamente sus investigaciones hacia la vertiente psicológica de las afecciones mentales, de la que daría cuenta en su práctica privada. Estudió en París con el neurólogo francés Jean-Martin Charcot las aplicaciones de la hipnosis en el tratamiento de la histeria. De vuelta en Viena y en colaboración con Joseph Breuer desarrolló el método catártico.

Paul Jorion Paul Jorion (born July 22, 1946[1] in Brussels) is by training an anthropologist, sociologist with a special interest in the cognitive sciences. He has also written seven books on capitalist economics. Paul was born and raised in Belgium,[2] and has been a Professor at the universities of Brussels, Cambridge, Paris VIII and University of California at Irvine. He was a Visiting Scholar of the "Human Complex Systems" Program at UCLA from 2005 to 2009. He currently lives in France where he runs a popular blog on financial and economic matters.

Ludwig Wittgenstein Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (26 April 1889 – 29 April 1951) was an Austrian-British philosopher who worked primarily in logic, the philosophy of mathematics, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of language.[4] From 1939–1947, Wittgenstein taught at the University of Cambridge.[5] During his lifetime he published just one slim book, the 75-page Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1921), one article, one book review and a children's dictionary.[6] His voluminous manuscripts were edited and published posthumously. Philosophical Investigations appeared as a book in 1953 and by the end of the century it was considered an important modern classic.[7] Philosopher Bertrand Russell described Wittgenstein as "the most perfect example I have ever known of genius as traditionally conceived; passionate, profound, intense, and dominating".[8] Born in Vienna into one of Europe's richest families, he inherited a large fortune from his father in 1913. Background[edit] The Wittgensteins[edit]

CHANGEMENT DE PARADIGME : NOUS SOMMES TOUS DES LEONARDO DI CAPRIO, par El JEm Billet invité. Attention, les lecteurs qui n’auraient pas vu le film « Shutter island » et projettent de le faire sont invités à sauter le premier paragraphe qui dévoile une partie essentielle de l’intrigue. Dans le film « Shutter island », tourné par Martin Scorsese et sorti en 2010, Leonardo DiCaprio incarne un inspecteur de police enquêtant sur la disparition d’un patient d’un hôpital psychiatrique. Au cours de son enquête, il est confronté à différents éléments qui rendent cette disparition étrange et laissent penser au spectateur que l’inspecteur a lui-même quelques problèmes psychologiques.

Biografia de Fiódor Dostoievski Fiódor Dostoievski (Fiódor Mijailovich Dostoievski; Moscú, 1821 - San Petersburgo, 1881) Novelista ruso. Educado por su padre, un médico de carácter despótico y brutal, encontró protección y cariño en su madre, que murió prematuramente. Al quedar viudo, el padre se entregó al alcohol, y envió finalmente a su hijo a la Escuela de Ingenieros de San Petersburgo, lo que no impidió que el joven Dostoievski se apasionara por la literatura y empezara a desarrollar sus cualidades de escritor. Fiódor Dostoievski Antony C. Sutton Antony Cyril Sutton (February 14, 1925 – June 17, 2002) was a British and American economist, historian, and writer. Biography[edit] Sutton studied at the universities of London, Göttingen, and California, and received his D.Sc. from the University of Southampton. He was an economics professor at California State University, Los Angeles and a research fellow at Stanford University's Hoover Institution from 1968 to 1973.

Jeremy Rifkin Jeremy Rifkin (born January 26, 1945) is an economic and social theorist, writer, public speaker, political advisor and activist. Rifkin is president of the Foundation on Economic Trends and the bestselling author of nineteen books on the impact of scientific and technological changes on the economy, the workforce, society, and the environment. His books have been translated into more than thirty five languages and are used in hundreds of universities, corporations and government agencies around the world. His most recent books include the New York Times Best Seller The Third Industrial Revolution (2011), The Empathic Civilization (2010), The European Dream (2004), The Hydrogen Economy (2002), The Age of Access (2000), The Biotech Century (1998), and The End of Work (1995). Rifkin is the President of the TIR Consulting Group LLC which advises national governments, regions, and municipalities on developing Third Industrial Revolution Master Plans. Biography[edit]