Louis-Ferdinand Céline Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Céline. Louis-Ferdinand Céline Louis-Ferdinand Céline en 1932. Œuvres principales Sa pensée pessimiste est teintée de nihilisme. Biographie[modifier | modifier le code] Jeunesse en région parisienne[modifier | modifier le code] Louis Ferdinand Auguste Destouches naît à Courbevoie, au 11, rampe du Pont-de-Neuilly (aujourd'hui chaussée du Président-Paul-Doumer). Ses parents déménagent en 1897 et s'installent à Paris, d'abord rue de Babylone puis, un an plus tard, rue Ganneron et enfin, durant l'été 1899, passage Choiseul, dans le quartier de l'Opéra, où Céline passe toute son enfance dans ce qu'il appelle sa « cloche à gaz » en référence à l'éclairage de la galerie par la multitude de becs à gaz au début du XXe siècle. Première Guerre mondiale et Afrique[modifier | modifier le code] Il rejoint le 12e régiment de cuirassiers à Rambouillet. Formation du médecin[modifier | modifier le code]
Intellectual An intellectual is a person who primarily uses intelligence in either a professional or an individual capacity. As a substantive or adjective, it refers to the work product of such persons, to the so-called "life of the mind" generally, or to an aspect of something where learning, erudition, and informed and critical thinking are the focus. The intellectual is a specific variety of the intelligent, which unlike the general property, is strictly associated with reason and thinking. Traditionally, the scholarly and the intellectual classes were closely identified; however, while intellectuals need not necessarily be actively involved in scholarship, they often have an academic background and will typically have an association with a profession. Intellectuals include not only philosophers, interested in epistemology, but also others in the arts and sciences, plus the humanities, with no boundaries as to fields of study. Terminology and endeavours Men of letters C.
Ayn Rand Literary critics received Rand's fiction with mixed reviews, and academia generally ignored or rejected her philosophy, though academic interest has increased in recent decades. The Objectivist movement attempts to spread her ideas, both to the public and in academic settings. She has been a significant influence among libertarians and American conservatives. Life Early life Rand was born Alisa Zinov'yevna Rosenbaum (Russian: Али́са Зиновьевна Розенбаум) on February 2, 1905, to a Russian Jewish bourgeois family living in Saint Petersburg. She was the eldest of the three daughters of Zinovy Zakharovich Rosenbaum and his wife, Anna Borisovna (née Kaplan), largely non-observant Jews. The subsequent October Revolution and the rule of the Bolsheviks under Vladimir Lenin disrupted the life the family had previously enjoyed. Along with many other "bourgeois" students, Rand was purged from the university shortly before graduating. Early fiction 
William Faulkner Biography Faulkner was born William Cuthbert Falkner in New Albany, Mississippi, the first of four sons of Murry Cuthbert Falkner (August 17, 1870 – August 7, 1932) and Maud Butler (November 27, 1871 – October 19, 1960). He had three younger brothers: Murry Charles "Jack" Falkner (June 26, 1899 – December 24, 1975), author John Falkner (September 24, 1901 – March 28, 1963) and Dean Swift Falkner (August 15, 1907 – November 10, 1935). Faulkner was born and raised in the state of Mississippi, which had a great influence on him, as did the history and culture of the American South altogether. Soon after Faulkner's first birthday, his family moved to Ripley, Mississippi from New Albany. Here, his father Murry worked as the treasurer for the family's Gulf & Chicago Railroad Company, a business he had been drawn to from an early age. As a schoolchild, Faulkner had much success early on. Faulkner also spent much of his boyhood listening to stories told to him by his elders.
D. H. Lawrence - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia David Herbert Lawrence (11 September 1885 – 2 March 1930) was an English novelist, poet, playwright, essayist, literary critic and painter who published as D. H. Lawrence. His collected works represent an extended reflection upon the dehumanising effects of modernity and industrialisation. Life and career Early life D. The fourth child of Arthur John Lawrence, a barely literate miner, and Lydia (née Beardsall), a former pupil teacher who, owing to her family's financial difficulties, had to do manual work in a lace factory, Lawrence spent his formative years in the coal mining town of Eastwood, Nottinghamshire. The young Lawrence attended Beauvale Board School (now renamed Greasley Beauvale D. Early career In March 1912 Lawrence met Frieda Weekley (née von Richthofen), with whom he was to share the rest of his life. Lawrence and Weekley soon went back to Italy, staying in a cottage in Fiascherino on the Gulf of Spezia. Exile Later life and career
Jean-François Deniau Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Deniau. Il est le père du journaliste Grégoire Deniau. Jeunesse[modifier | modifier le code] Il effectue ses études secondaires au lycée Pasteur à Neuilly-sur-Seine, puis au Lycée privé Sainte-Geneviève à Versailles. Haut fonctionnaire[modifier | modifier le code] En 1956, il devient secrétaire général permanent de la délégation française à Bruxelles, dont le président est Maurice Faure. Ministre et diplomate[modifier | modifier le code] En 1973, il entre dans le gouvernement de Pierre Messmer en tant que secrétaire d'État, chargé de la Coopération, puis sera nommé secrétaire d'État auprès du ministre de l'Agriculture et du développement rural dans le gouvernement que forme Jacques Chirac après l'élection de Valéry Giscard d'Estaing à la présidence de la République en 1974. En juin 1981, Jacques Rimbault prend sa revanche aux élections législatives et l'emporte avec 52 % des suffrages.
Ithaca, New York Namgyal Monastery in Ithaca is the North American seat of Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama. History Early history The inhabitants of the Ithaca area at the time Europeans began arriving were the Saponi and Tutelo Indians, dependent tribes of the Cayuga Indians who were part of the Iroquois confederation. These tribes settled on Cayuga-controlled hunting lands at the south end of Cayuga Lake as well as in Pony (originally Sapony) Hollow of Newfield, New York, after being forced from North Carolina by European invasion. They were driven from the area by the Sullivan Expedition which destroyed the Tutelo village of Coregonal, located near the junction of state routes 13 and 13A just south of the Ithaca city limits. Partition of the Military Tract The growth of Ithaca, village and city State Street in Ithaca, ca. 1901 The late nineteenth century gave birth to the two major postsecondary educational institutions Ithaca has today. Geography and climate
Leo Tolstoy Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (/ˈtoʊlstɔɪ, ˈtɒl-/; Russian: Лев Никола́евич Толсто́й, pronounced [lʲɛf nʲɪkɐˈlaɪvʲɪtɕ tɐlˈstoj]; 9 September [O.S. 28 August] 1828 – 20 November [O.S. 7 November] 1910), usually referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian novelist today regarded as one of the greatest of all time. In the 1870s Tolstoy experienced a profound moral crisis, followed by what he regarded as an equally profound spiritual awakening. His literal interpretation of the ethical teachings of Jesus, centering on the Sermon on the Mount, caused him to become a fervent Christian anarchist and pacifist. His new-found asceticism and determination to renounce his considerable wealth tipped his marriage into bitter turmoil, which continued right up to his death at the age of 82 in the waiting room of an, until then, obscure Russian railway station. Life and career Death Tolstoy's grave with flowers at Yasnaya Polyana. Tolstoy died in 1910, at the age of 82. Personal life In films
E. E. Cummings Edward Estlin Cummings (October 14, 1894 – September 3, 1962), known as E. E. Cummings, with the abbreviated form of his name often written by others in lowercase letters as e e cummings (in the style of some of his poems—see name and capitalization, below), was an American poet, painter, essayist, author, and playwright. His body of work encompasses approximately 2,900 poems, two autobiographical novels, four plays and several essays, as well as numerous drawings and paintings. Life i thank You God for most this amazing day:for the leaping greenly spirits of trees and a blue true dream of sky; and for everything which is natural which is infinite which is yes From "i thank You God for most this amazing" (1950) Early years Edward Estlin Cummings was born into a Unitarian family, son of Edward Cummings and Rebecca Haswell Clarke. Cummings wanted to be a poet from childhood and wrote poetry daily aged eight to 22, exploring assorted forms. The war years Post-war years
Гессе, Герман — Википедия Ге́рман Ге́ссе (нем. Hermann Hesse; 2 июля 1877, Кальв, Германия — 9 августа 1962, Монтаньола, Швейцария) — немецкий писатель и художник, лауреат Нобелевской премии (1946). Биография[править | править текст] Детство и юность (1877—1895)[править | править текст] Герман Гессе родился в семье немецких миссионеров. С ранних лет детей воспитывали в духе пиетизма, царившего в доме Гессе. Дом семьи Гессе-Гундертов в Кальве, где писатель провел детские годы. Тюбинген — Базель (1895—1904)[править | править текст] С октября 1895 года Гессе работает стажером в книжной лавке Хекенхауера в Тюбингене. Книжная лавка Хекенхауера в Тюбингене, где Гессе работал в 1895—1899 В 1899 году на сэкономленные деньги Герман публикует небольшую книжку под названием «Романтические песни», включающую в себя стихи написанные до 1898 года. С осени 1899 года Гессе работает в книжном магазине Райха в Базеле. Гайенхофен — Индия — Берн (1904—1914)[править | править текст] В 1912 году Герман и Мария с детьми переезжает в Берн.