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The Zeitgeist (spirit of the age or spirit of the time) is the intellectual fashion or dominant school of thought that typifies and influences the culture of a particular period in time. For example, the Zeitgeist of modernism typified and influenced architecture, art, and fashion during much of the 20th century.[1] The German word Zeitgeist is often attributed to the philosopher Georg Hegel, but he never actually used the word. In his works such as Lectures on the Philosophy of History, he uses the phrase der Geist seiner Zeit (the spirit of his time)—for example, "no man can surpass his own time, for the spirit of his time is also his own spirit."[2] Other philosophers who were associated with such ideas include Herder and Spencer and Voltaire.[1] The concept contrasts with the Great Man theory popularized by Thomas Carlyle, which sees history as the result of the actions of heroes and geniuses. Zeitgeist theory and leadership[edit] Examples of zeitgeist in psychology[edit] See also[edit] Related:  Saved for later 3- - Hunger and World Poverty German philosophy German philosophy, here taken to mean either (1) philosophy in the German language or (2) philosophy by Germans, has been extremely diverse, and central to both the analytic and continental traditions in philosophy for centuries, from Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz through Immanuel Kant, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Arthur Schopenhauer, Karl Marx, Friedrich Nietzsche, Martin Heidegger and Ludwig Wittgenstein to contemporary philosophers. Søren Kierkegaard (a Danish philosopher) is frequently included in surveys of German (or Germanic) philosophy due to his extensive engagement with German thinkers.[1][2][3][4] 17th century[edit] Leibniz[edit] Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646–1716) was both a philosopher and a mathematician who wrote primarily in Latin and French. Leibniz is noted for his optimism - his Théodicée[5] tries to justify the apparent imperfections of the world by claiming that it is optimal among all possible worlds. 18th century[edit] Wolff[edit] Kant[edit] 19th century[edit]

Solipsism Solipsism ( i/ˈsɒlɨpsɪzəm/; from Latin solus, meaning "alone", and ipse, meaning "self")[1] is the philosophical idea that only one's own mind is sure to exist. As an epistemological position, solipsism holds that knowledge of anything outside one's own mind is unsure; the external world and other minds cannot be known and might not exist outside the mind. Varieties[edit] There are varying degrees of solipsism that parallel the varying degrees of serious skepticism. [edit] Epistemological solipsism[edit] Epistemological solipsism is the variety of idealism according to which only the directly accessible mental contents of the solipsistic philosopher can be known. Epistemological solipsists claim that realism requires the question: assuming that there is a universe independent of an agent's mind and knowable only through the agent's senses, how is the existence of this independent universe to be scientifically studied? Methodological solipsism[edit] Main points[edit] History[edit]

Examining "X-Men" as a Civil Rights Allegory - Volume 1: Professor X as MLK - RaceBaitr By Quentin Lucas “I feel sorry for people who only know comic books through movies,[i]” said the 2015 MacArthur “Genius Grant” winner, National Correspondent for The Atlantic, and writer for Marvel Comics’ Black Panther series, Ta-Nehisi Coates. Coates spoke candidly about comic books with Abraham Riesman during an interview for Vulture. Along with discussing both their inspirational and escapist properties, Coates venerated the intelligent conversations and emotional satisfaction cocooned within them. And, perhaps most fervently, he championed the inimitability of the medium. “X-Men [movies] will always disappoint me. Doubling as a challenging reality for this essay — and slippery conundrum — is the truth that I don’t love comic books. And though I haven’t invested the number of years which might yield a love for comic books, I think I may nonetheless believe in them — maybe. The Story behind the X-Men Story “It was too close. The Story behind American Stories “What?

United States Constitution, Bill of Rights, Declaration of Independence: United for Human Rights United States Declaration of Independence (1776) In 1776, Thomas Jefferson penned the American Declaration of Independence. On July 4, 1776, the United States Congress approved the Declaration of Independence. Its primary author, Thomas Jefferson, wrote the Declaration as a formal explanation of why Congress had voted on July 2 to declare independence from Great Britain, more than a year after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, and as a statement announcing that the thirteen American Colonies were no longer a part of the British Empire. Philosophically, the Declaration stressed two themes: individual rights and the right of revolution. The Constitution of the United States of America (1787) and Bill of Rights (1791) The Bill of Rights of the US Constitution protects basic freedoms of United States citizens. The Bill of Rights protects freedom of speech, freedom of religion, the right to keep and bear arms, the freedom of assembly and the freedom to petition.

Aesthetics Branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of art, beauty, and taste Aesthetics covers both natural and artificial sources of aesthetic experience and judgment. It considers what happens in our minds when we engage with aesthetic objects or environments such as in viewing visual art, listening to music, reading poetry, experiencing a play, exploring nature, and so on. The philosophy of art specifically studies how artists imagine, create, and perform works of art, as well as how people use, enjoy, and criticize their art. It deals with how one feels about art in general, why they like some works of art and not others, and how art can affect our moods or even our beliefs.[2] Both aesthetics generally and philosophy of art especially ask questions like "What is art? Etymology[edit] Aesthetics and the philosophy of art[edit] Aesthetics is for the artist as Ornithology is for the birds. Aestheticians compare historical developments with theoretical approaches to the arts of many periods.

Hinduism Hinduism is the dominant religion, or way of life,[note 1] in South Asia, most notably India. It includes Shaivism, Vaishnavism and Shaktism among numerous other traditions, and a wide spectrum of laws and prescriptions of "daily morality" based on karma, dharma, and societal norms. Hinduism is a categorisation of distinct intellectual or philosophical points of view, rather than a rigid, common set of beliefs. Hinduism, with about one billion followers[web 1] is the world's third largest religion, after Christianity and Islam. Hinduism has been called the "oldest religion" in the world,[note 2] and some practitioners refer to it as Sanātana Dharma, "the eternal law" or the "eternal way"[3] beyond human origins. Etymology The word Hindu is derived (through Persian) from the Indo-Aryan/Sanskrit word Sindhu, the Indo-Aryan name for the Indus River in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent (modern day Pakistan and Northern India). Definitions Colonial influences Sanātana Dharma Moksha

Yukio | X-Men Movies Wiki | Fandom "It's not like I get a complete picture. More like, looking through a keyhole. All I can see is one part of a person's life - their death." ―Yukio[src] Yukio is a Japanese ninja and mutant, with powers that differ in both the Original and Revised Timelines. Biography Early Life When she was 5 years old, Yukio predicted her own parents' death and they soon died in a car accident. The Wolverine "You are a soldier, and seek what all soldiers do. After Yashida realizes he is dying, he instructs Yukio to travel the world to find Logan and bring him to Japan. Yukio then has a vision of Logan's death. Yukio is knocked unconscious by Shingen. After Logan is put in a restraining device, Yukio comes to his defense and fights Viper while he fights the Silver Samurai. Wolverine later boards a plane with Yukio, who reminds him that she is still his bodyguard, and offers to fly him anywhere in the world. Deadpool 2 Yukio was a teenager and a member of the X-Men and Negasonic Teenage Warhead's girlfriend.

This edible water blob could replace plastic bottles What's one solution to the growing problem of plastic water bottle waste? A trio of Spanish design students think they have the answer, and it involves creating a "water bottle" that you can eat, reports Co.Exist. Designers Rodrigo García González, Guillaume Couche and Pierre Paslier call their creation "Ooho," a gelatinous blob that is actually a membrane that encapsulates water like a bladder. When you're thirsty, just puncture the membrane and drink. Or, if you also have an appetite, just pop a bite-sized Ooho in your mouth and chomp down for a burst of hydration. The Ooho globule is formed through a process called "spherification," a methodology first pioneered in 1946 and still utilized by some chefs in modern cuisine. "Anyone can make them in their kitchen, modifying and innovating the recipe," said co-designer García. Similar products have already made it to the market; an edible food delivery system called WikiPearl is available at select Whole Foods markets. Related on MNN:

Arthur Schopenhauer German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer (;[14] German: [ˈaʁtʊʁ ˈʃoːpn̩haʊ̯ɐ] ( Though his work failed to garner substantial attention during his lifetime, Schopenhauer has had a posthumous impact across various disciplines, including philosophy, literature, and science. Life[edit] Early life[edit] Schopenhauer's birthplace house, ul. In 1797 Arthur was sent to Le Havre to live for two years with the family of his father's business associate, Grégoire de Blésimaire. In 1805, Heinrich died by drowning in a canal by their home in Hamburg. Arthur spent two years as a merchant in honor of his dead father, and because of his own doubts about being too old to start a life of a scholar.[45] Most of his prior education was practical merchant training and he had some trouble with learning Latin which was a prerequisite for any academic career.[46] His mother moved, with her daughter Adele, to Weimar—then the centre of German literature—to enjoy social life among writers and artists. Education[edit]

Hindu philosophy Hindu philosophy is traditionally divided into six āstika (Sanskrit: आस्तिक "orthodox") schools of thought,[1] or darśanam (दर्शनम्, "view"), which accept the Vedas as authoritative texts.[2] Four other nāstika (नास्तिक "heterodox") schools don't draw upon the Vedas as authoritative texts, and develop their own traditions of thought. The āstika schools are: The nāstika schools are (in chronological order): Cārvāka, a materialism school that accepted free will existsĀjīvika, a materialism school that denied free will exists Each school of Hindu philosophy has extensive epistemological literature called Pramana-sastras.[3][4] In Hindu history, the distinction of the six orthodox schools was current in the Gupta period "golden age" of Hinduism. Overview[edit] Epistemology[edit] Epistemology in Hindu philosophy is called Pramāṇa (Sanskrit: प्रमाण).[5] It is a key, much debated field of study in Hinduism since ancient times. Classifications and characteristics[edit] Samkhya[edit] Yoga[edit]

Stan Lee on the X-Men and 1960s Marvel Comics: Lost Interview In April of 2014, I called Stan Lee to talk about the creation of the X-Men. Quotes from the interview appeared here, but the full Q&A has never been published. The conversation shows how sharp and witty Lee was at age 91, and gives some insight on how he saw his work. (The late artist Jack Kirby, credited as the X-Men’s co-creator, asserted that he, and not Lee, actually came up the characters on his own. In retrospect, I should have pressed Lee harder on that issue.) Here, for the first time, is the transcript of our conversation: Rolling Stone: How are you this morning, Stan? Brutally, I promise. So, I’ve read many interviews where you talk about the beginning of X-Men. It was a good month for you.I would say. Ideas were coming out kind of astonishing speed at that point. Then, once I figured out what powers they’d have, I had to figure, how did they get their powers? So I brought the idea to my publisher… To Martin Goodman? Just an hour ago, I re-read X-Men No. 1. I have that book.

Rent or Buy? The Math Is Changing Photo Billy Gasparino and Jenna Dillon-Gasparino were savvy enough to wait out the housing boom of a decade ago as renters. Not until 2010, well into the bust, did they buy a house in the Venice neighborhood of Los Angeles, less than a mile from the beach, for $810,000. Only four years later, the couple see new signs of excess in the housing market and have decided to go back to renting. They are close to a deal to sell their house – for $1.35 million, a cool 67 percent gain. “It just seems like the housing market came back so strongly, so fast, that maybe there’s a little bit of a bubble there,” said Mr. Their decision reflects a new reality in many of the nation’s largest metropolitan areas. Continue reading the main story The Times also created an online calculator that enables prospective buyers and renters to analyze their own decision. “A lot of these coastal markets look overvalued compared to rents,” said Mark Zandi, the chief economist at Moody’s Analytics.

Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant (/kænt/;[1] German: [ɪˈmaːnu̯eːl kant]; 22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is widely considered to be a central figure of modern philosophy. He argued that fundamental concepts structure human experience, and that reason is the source of morality. His thought continues to have a major influence in contemporary thought, especially the fields of metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, political philosophy, and aesthetics.[2] Kant's major work, the Critique of Pure Reason (Kritik der reinen Vernunft, 1781),[3] aimed to explain the relationship between reason and human experience. Kant argued that our experiences are structured by necessary features of our minds. Kant aimed to resolve disputes between empirical and rationalist approaches. Biography[edit] Immanuel Kant was born in 1724 in Königsberg, Prussia (since 1946 the city of Kaliningrad, Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia). Young Kant was a solid, albeit unspectacular, student. Young scholar[edit] [edit]

Zeitgeist. The specific attitudes of a particular time or period.

Found in Glossary: 2011 - (Jesson, et al.) Doing Your Literature Review: Traditional and Systematic Techniques by raviii Apr 16