A novel written by Edward Abbey which concerns the use of sabotage to protest environmentally damaging activities in the American Southwest. Neo-Luddism or New Luddism is a philosophy opposing many forms of modern technology. According to a manifesto drawn up by the Second Luddite Congress (April 1996; Barnesville, Ohio) Neo-Luddism is "a leaderless movement of passive resistance to consumerism and the increasingly bizarre and frightening technologies of the Computer Age."  The name is based on the historical legacy of the British Luddites, who were active between 1811 and 1816. These groups along with some modern Neo-Luddites are characterized by the practice of destroying or abandoning the use of technological equipment as well as advocating simple living. Neo-Luddism stems from the concept that technology has a negative impact on individuals, their communities and the environment. Neo-Luddites also fear the future unknown effects that new technologies might unleash.
Anti-globalization movementThe anti-globalization movement, or counter-globalisation movement, is critical of the globalization of corporate capitalism. The movement is also commonly referred to as the global justice movement, alter-globalization movement, anti-globalist movement, anti-corporate globalization movement, or movement against neoliberal globalization. Participants base their criticisms on a number of related ideas. What is shared is that participants oppose what they see as large, multi-national corporations having unregulated political power, exercised through trade agreements and deregulated financial markets. Many anti-globalization activists call for forms of global integration that better provide democratic representation, advancement of human rights, fair trade and sustainable development and therefore feel the term "anti-globalization" is misleading. Ideology and causes Opposition to international financial institutions and transnational corporations
Complementarity & Reality | Issue 80Articles Alistair MacFarlane has complementary ways of looking at things. In Boswell’s biography we are told how Dr Johnson, a naïve Realist, sought to refute the Idealist Bishop Berkeley’s claim that everything exists in the mind. He did so by kicking a stone, exclaiming: “I refute it thus!”Why the Western philosophical canon is xenophobic and racistMainstream philosophy in the so-called West is narrow-minded, unimaginative, and even xenophobic. I know I am levelling a serious charge. But how else can we explain the fact that the rich philosophical traditions of China, India, Africa, and the Indigenous peoples of the Americas are completely ignored by almost all philosophy departments in both Europe and the English-speaking world? Western philosophy used to be more open-minded and cosmopolitan. One of the major Western philosophers who read with fascination Jesuit accounts of Chinese philosophy was Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716). The German philosopher Christian Wolff echoed Leibniz in the title of his public lecture Oratio de Sinarum Philosophia Practica, or Discourse on the Practical Philosophy of the Chinese (1721). Chinese philosophy was also taken very seriously in France. Subscribe to Aeon’s Newsletter Leibniz, Wolff and Quesnay are illustrations of what was once a common view in European philosophy. 1. 2. 3. 4.
How Much Underwear to Pack For Your Trip, VisualizedCreation of Direct Democracy in Switzerland « Activating DemocracyThe people are no longer willing to be governed from above; they demand their share in the making of laws and the exercise of power (…) they demand that self-government finally means what it says, wrote Florian Gengel, editor of the Berne newspaper “Der Bund,” in August 1862. In Switzerland, the liberal movement succeeded in achieving what it failed to achieve elsewhere: the creation of a nation-state and modern democracy. However, economic and social development proceeded in a contrary direction to that of the Restoration. The 1848 federal constitution institutionalised a new state order on the model of the liberal-democratic cantons. There was dissatisfaction with the new democracy almost from the beginning, but opposition demands for greater participatory rights were at first resisted. It defeated the ruling liberal elite and in the canton of Zurich made the decisive breakthrough to Modern Direct Democracy. After 1891 direct democracy was further extended. Ustertag 22 November 1830
To tell someone they're wrong, first tell them how they're right — QuartzThe 17th century philosopher Blaise Pascal is perhaps best known for Pascal’s Wager which, in the first formal use of decision theory, argued that believing in God is the most pragmatic decision. But it seems the French thinker also had a knack for psychology. As Brain Pickings points out, Pascal set out the most effective way to get someone to change their mind, centuries before experimental psychologists began to formally study persuasion: When we wish to correct with advantage, and to show another that he errs, we must notice from what side he views the matter, for on that side it is usually true, and admit that truth to him, but reveal to him the side on which it is false. Pascal added:
The Tech Revolution Might Kill Economic Growth But Make Us All Happier AnywayMatt Yglesias makes a point worth sharing about technology and economic growth: It seems entirely conceivable to me that future technological progress simply won't lead to that much economic growth. If we become much more efficient at building houses, that will increase GDP, because the output of the housing sector is selling housing. those treatments become more effective at curing cancer, that'd be great for patients and their families but it's not obvious that it would raise "productivity" in the economic sense. Yglesias provides a couple of example of this ambiguity. This is a point that plenty of economists have made, but it's worth repeating. This isn't a bulletproof case.
Pirate PartyHistory The first Pirate Party to be established was the Pirate Party of Sweden (Swedish: Piratpartiet), whose website was launched on 1 January 2006 by Rick Falkvinge. Falkvinge was inspired to found the party after he found that Swedish politicians were generally unresponsive to Sweden's debate over changes to copyright law in 2005. The United States Pirate Party was founded on 6 June 2006 by University of Georgia graduate student Brent Allison. The party's concerns were abolishing the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, reducing the length of copyrights from 95 years after publication or 70 years after the author's death to 14 years, and the expiry of patents that do not result in significant progress after four years, as opposed to 20 years. The Pirate Party of Austria (German: Piratenpartei Österreichs) was founded in July 2006 in the run-up to the 2006 Austrian legislative election by Florian Hufsky and Jürgen "Juxi" Leitner. Common policies Elected in EU Parliament