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::::: Oleh Ida Pandita Mpu Siwa-Budha Daksa DharmitaAGAMA Hindu merupakan agama yang tertua di dunia. Ini pendapat orang-orang non-Hindu. Agama Hindu, kitab sucinya Weda adalah wahyu Tuhan yang diturunkan melalui para Maharsi yang jumlahnya tujuh Maharsi yang disebut Sapta Rsi (Rsi Grtsamada, Rsi Wiswamitra, Rsi Wamadewa, Rsi Atri, Rsi Baharadwaja, Rsi Wasista dan Rsi Kanwa). Wahyu/sabda Brahman inilah dituangkan dalam bentuk tulisan yang diberi nama Weda Sruti (Rg Weda, Sama Weda, Yayur Weda, dan Atharwa Weda). Manakala ada pertanyaan apakah Weda Sruti ilmiah, dengan tegas harus dijawab ilmiah. Kebijaksanaan Weda meliputi cara kerja kosmos pada segala tingkatan dari pinda (mikrokosmos) sampai pada Brahmanda (makrokosmos). Sebagai akibat dari keuniversalan Weda, ia hanya berurusan dengan kehidupan dunia luar dan kegiatan manusia, seperti juga keberadaan yang ada di dalamnya, dalam jiwa atau kesadaran tertinggi. Fakta Ribuan Tahun Keangkuhan Itu From: "Arya Thanaya"

Kali Yuga Not to be confused with Kali Yug, a 1963 Italian film Current Yuga[edit] The duration and chronological starting point in human history of Kali Yuga has given rise to different evaluations and interpretations. According to the Surya Siddhanta, Kali Yuga began at midnight (00:00) on 18 February 3102 BCE[1] in the proleptic Julian calendar, or 14 January 3102 BCE in the proleptic Gregorian calendar. Most interpreters of Hindu scriptures believe that Earth is currently in Kali Yuga. Attributes of Kali Yuga[edit] Hindus believe that human civilization degenerates spiritually during the Kali Yuga,[5] which is referred to as the Dark Age because in it people are as far away as possible from God. References in the Mahabharata[edit] The Mahabharata War and the decimation of Yadavas thus happened at the Yuga-Sandhi, the point of transition from one yuga to another. Prophesied events during a Kali Yuga[edit] A discourse by Markandeya in the Mahabharata identifies some of the attributes of Kali Yuga.

Shiva Shiva (Śiva; /ˈʃɪvə/ listen meaning "The Auspicious One"), also known as Mahadeva ("Great God"), is a popular Hindu deity and is considered to be the Supreme God within Shaivism, one of the three most influential denominations in Hinduism.[1][2] Shiva is regarded as one of the primary forms of God, such as one of the five primary forms of God in the Smarta tradition,[1] and "the Destroyer" or "the Transformer"[3] among the Trimurti, the Hindu Trinity of the primary aspects of the divine. Shiva is also regarded as the patron god of yoga and arts.[4][5][6] Shiva, as we know him today, shares features with the Vedic god Rudra. Etymology and other names[edit] Shiva absorbed in meditation, as depicted commonly in Hinduism The Sanskrit word Shiva (Devanagari: शिव, śiva) comes from Shri Rudram Chamakam of Taittiriya Samhita (TS 4.5, 4.7) of Krishna Yajurveda. The Tamil word Sivan, Tamil: சிவன் ("Fair Skinned") could have been derived from the word sivappu. The Pashupati seal[edit] Rudra[edit]

Shankha Carved "left-turning" conches or Vamavarta shankhas, circa 11-12th century, Pala period, India: The leftmost one is carved with the image of Lakshmi and Vishnu, and has silver additions. Shankha (Sanskrit: शंख Śaṇkha, pronounced [ˈɕəŋkʰə]) is a conch shell which is of ritual and religious importance in both Hinduism and Buddhism. The shankha is the shell of a species of large predatory sea snail, Turbinella pyrum, which lives in the Indian Ocean. In Hinduism, the shankha is a sacred emblem of the Hindu preserver god Vishnu. The shankha is displayed in Hindu art in association with Vishnu. The shankha is one of the eight Buddhist auspicious symbols, the Ashtamangala, and in Buddhism it represents the pervasive sound of the Buddhadharma. A powder made from the shell material is used in Indian Ayurvedic medicine, primarily as a cure for stomach ailments and for increasing beauty and strength. Regional names[edit] Characteristics[edit] Types[edit] Significance of the Dakshinavarta shankha

Dharma Dharma ([dʱəɾmə]; Sanskrit: धर्म dharma, listen ; Pali: धम्म dhamma) is a key concept with multiple meanings in the Indian religions Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism.[8] There is no single word translation for dharma in western languages.[9] The Classical Sanskrit noun dharma is a derivation from the root dhṛ, which has a meaning of "to hold, maintain, keep". Etymology[edit] The Classical Sanskrit noun dharma is a derivation from the root dhṛ, which means "to hold, maintain, keep",[note 3] and takes a meaning of "what is established or firm", and hence "law".[13] It is derived from an older Vedic Sanskrit n-stem dharman-, with a literal meaning of "bearer, supporter", in a religious sense conceived as an aspect of Rta. In the Rigveda, the word appears as an n-stem, dhárman-, with a range of meanings encompassing "something established or firm" (in the literal sense of prods or poles). Definition[edit] Dharma root is "dhri", which means ‘to support, hold, or bear’. History[edit]

Vishnu Vishnu's eternal and supreme abode beyond the material universe is called Vaikuntha, which is also known as Paramdhama, the realm of eternal bliss and happiness and the final or highest place for liberated souls who have attained Moksha. Vaikuntha is situated beyond the material universe and hence, cannot be perceived or measured by material science or logic.[5] Vishnu's other abode within the material universe is Ksheera Sagara (the ocean of milk), where he reclines and rests on Ananta Shesha, (the king of the serpent deities, commonly shown with thousand heads). In almost all Hindu denominations, Vishnu is either worshipped directly or in the form of his ten avatars, the most famous of whom are Rama and Krishna.[6] The Puranabharati, an ancient text, describes these as the dashavatara, or the ten avatars of Vishnu. Name[edit] A 4th–6th century CE Sardonyx seal representing Vishnu with a worshipper. Sacred texts - Shruti and Smriti[edit] Shruti[edit] [edit] Vedas[edit] Rigveda[edit]

Aarti For the similarly spelled Christian movement, see Arathi. Morning river aarti Temple aarti Aarti Plate Origin[edit] Arati is derived from the Sanskrit word Aratrika, which means something that removes Ratri, darkness (or light waved in darkness before an idol).[1][2][3] Aarti is said to have descended from the Vedic concept of fire rituals, or homa. Practice[edit] The aarti plate is generally made of metal, usually silver, bronze or copper. The purpose of performing aarti is the waving of lighted wicks before the deities in a spirit of humility and gratitude, wherein faithful followers become immersed in God's divine form. Ether (akash)Wind (vayu)Fire (agni)Water (jal)Earth (pruthvi) Communal Aarti is performed in the mandir; however, devotees also perform it in their homes. Significance[edit] When aarti is performed, the performer faces the deity of God (or divine element, e.g. Aarti is not only limited to God. Aarti songs[edit] Aarti dance in Bangalore, 2009. Aarti in South Indian temples[edit]

Bhagavad Gita The Bhagavad Gita (Sanskrit: भगवद्गीता, bhagavad-gītā in IAST, Sanskrit pronunciation: [ˈbʱəɡəʋəd̪ ɡiːˈt̪aː]; lit. "Song of the Lord"), referred to as simply the Gita, is a 700-verse Hindu scripture in Sanskrit that is part of the Hindu epic Mahabharata. The Gita is set in a narrative framework of a dialogue between Pandava prince Arjuna and his guide and charioteer Krishna. Facing the duty as a warrior to fight the Dharma Yudhha or righteous war between Pandavas and Kauravas, Arjuna is counselled by Krishna to "fulfill his Kshatriya (warrior) duty as a warrior and establishing Dharma." Inserted in this appeal to kshatriya dharma (chivalry) is "a dialogue [...] between diverging attitudes concerning and methods toward the attainment of liberation (moksha)". The Bhagavad Gita presents a synthesis of the Brahmanical concept of Dharma, theistic bhakti, the yogic ideals of moksha through jnana, bhakti, karma, and Raja Yoga (spoken of in the 6th chapter). and Samkhya philosophy. Status[edit]