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The Hottest Temperatures on Record in Every Country. Dogs are a lot more complicated than we give them credit for.

The Hottest Temperatures on Record in Every Country

As a result, sometimes things get lost in translation. 10 Unusual Objects Encased in Ice. A lakehouse in upstate NY is completely covered in ice As we've seen this photo go viral the past few days, we've also seen cries of "fake news" and "Photoshopped," but we're here to tell you, the above is 100% real.

10 Unusual Objects Encased in Ice

This summer home is located in the town of Webster, near Rochester, New York. The area is one of the snowiest in the country, thanks to freezing winter temperatures and the moisture of Lake Ontario. After years of “weather modification” being derided as a conspiracy theory, China announces massive weather control campaign. Mention the term “weather modification” in polite company and you’re likely to be immediately dismissed as some kind of conspiracy nut.

After years of “weather modification” being derided as a conspiracy theory, China announces massive weather control campaign

But the truth is that weather modification technology has been in use throughout the world for decades and lately has become a burgeoning industry with more and more countries investing millions in cloud seeding operations used mainly to stimulate rainfall in arid or drought-stricken regions. In fact, China has just announced its approval of a 1.15 billion yuan ($168 million) scheme to modify the weather over a vast portion of the country – an area nearly double the size of France – in hopes of increasing precipitation and helping the targeted regions with “ecological security, water resource allocation, drought-fighting and forest fire prevention.”

From the South China Morning Post: “The NDRC approved the budget to buy four new planes, upgrade eight existing aircraft, develop 897 rocket launch devices and connect 1,856 devices to digital control systems. Hurricane Matthew's U.S. Impacts: Life-Threatening Storm Surge, Damaging Winds, Flooding Rainfall. We Haven’t Seen Many Storms Like Hermine. Based on the current forecasts, Post-Tropical Cyclone Hermine is a storm without a good historical comparison.

We Haven’t Seen Many Storms Like Hermine

Hermine was once a tropical cyclone that made landfall in Florida, but that seems like ages ago. It has now transitioned to its post-tropical stage after moving northeast across land, off the coast of North Carolina, where it’s partially drawing energy from the jet stream. Hermine is forecast to affect the Mid-Atlantic over the next several days as a hurricane-strength storm, with a potentially historic coastal flood. Of the 10 or so meteorologists I’ve talked to in the last day or so, none can recall Hermine’s rare combination: a hurricane that has transitioned to a post-tropical cyclone, one that is forecast to transition back into a hurricane and one that will stall just off the East Coast for most of a week. Stormscapes 3. Pyxis system would use GPS signals to gather more accurate weather forecasts. PlanetiQ has begun testing its new Pyxis weather instrument.

Pyxis system would use GPS signals to gather more accurate weather forecasts

Pyxis tracks GPS signals traveling through the atmosphere and makes measurements based on their behavior. PlanetiQ says it can "dramatically improve weather forecasting, climate monitoring and space weather prediction. " Biggest Cloud-Seeding Experiment Yet Only Sparks More Debate. Meteorologists first conceived of seeding clouds as a way to increase rainfall in 1946, working at General Electric's laboratories in Schenectady, New York.

Biggest Cloud-Seeding Experiment Yet Only Sparks More Debate

But in the nearly 60 years since then, it has remained unclear whether human attempts to make it snow actually work. Now, the results of the most scientific study of cloud seeding done yet are in. Researchers found that seeding clouds with droplets of silver iodide does slightly increase precipitation, boosting levels by 5 to 15 percent. However, experts disagree about whether this small increase means cloud-seeding efforts should expand. In Western states, water providers, ski areas and power companies interested in hydroelectric generation have all injected silver iodide droplets into winter clouds for decades. A 2003 National Research Council report called "Critical Issues in Weather Modification Research" sharply criticized the core idea.

We may never have another coldest year in history. A surge of Arctic air has left much of the continental U.S. shivering in unusually bitter November cold.

We may never have another coldest year in history

But this early foray into winter weather is just a small blip in the overall global picture, which is of a warming world that is still on track to see 2014 set the mark for hottest year on record, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said Thursday. That warming — fueled largely by the manmade rise of greenhouse gases in Earth’s atmosphere — is so relentless, in fact, that the odds of seeing a record coldest year in the future are vanishingly small. As the animation below shows, the last time the world experienced a record-coldest year was in 1909, more than 100 years ago.

But in that period, 18 records for warmest year have been set, with 2014 likely to be the 19th. Researchers find ‘biggest volcanic eruption in last 500 years’ devastated Europe’s climate. Scientists have long believed that the 1815 Tambora volcanic eruption could not, alone, have been responsible for the drastic climate change in 1816, nicknamed “Year Without a Summer” and “Eighteen-Hundred-and-Frozen-to-Death.”

Researchers find ‘biggest volcanic eruption in last 500 years’ devastated Europe’s climate

Now, joint research by scientists and historians at the Cabot Institute believe they have pinpointed the date of what is called, in the scientific literature, the “Unknown eruption.” The global climate changes that accompanied these two eruptions created an unseasonably cold winter, which led to massive crop failure and a famine across both Europe and North America. Weather patterns over Southern Hemisphere have a regular pulse. Variations in rainfall and storm intensity over a broad swath of the Southern Hemisphere follow a pattern that repeats every 20 to 30 days.

Weather patterns over Southern Hemisphere have a regular pulse

The pattern is the first regular atmospheric oscillation found outside the tropics and could help scientists forecast weather and climate changes in the region. 'Polar Vortex' Event Paltry Compared to Past Freezes. Was the crisp bite of frozen air during this month's polar vortex a remembrance of winters past for Americans?

'Polar Vortex' Event Paltry Compared to Past Freezes

According to weather data collected by one meteorologist, this taste of Arctic chill may be growing rarer. The cold snap triggered by the polar vortex, the low-pressure weather pattern that rammed into the United States from the Arctic the week of Jan. 5, was pretty paltry compared to cold waves in the past four decades, said Bob Henson, a meteorologist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colo. "If you look at the number of days it stayed cold all day and all night, this cold wave was much briefer than past cold waves," Henson told LiveScience. "There are many ways to measure a cold wave, but the brevity of this one just jumps out. " With warm temperatures quickly returning to states such as Oklahoma, which is in the 50s Fahrenheit (teens Celsius) this week, Henson recently decided to compare the length of the polar-vortex freeze to earlier cold snaps.

1816- The Year That Had No Summer. For those who are used to a year with four seasons, imagine how hard it is to believe there could ever be a year where summer never came. Monster ice sheets destroy homes, terrorize residents. Melting glaciers might have been the farthest thing from some lakeshore-dwelling Minnesotans’ and Manitobans’ minds these past few days. Fast-growing sheets of ice, marching steadily forward as if out of a horror film, destroyed homes near Dauphin Lake in Manitoba, Canada, and caused damage along the southeastern shores of Lake Mille Lacs in Minnesota. They rose from melting lakes and were blown by powerful winds up foreshores into yards and homes. Amateur video of the advancing ice was captured Saturday by anxious residents in Minnesota and posted to YouTube: The ice sheet on Lake Mille Lacs reportedly covered 10 miles of shoreline and reached 30 feet in height in some places before its advance was thwarted by a change in the weather.

The combination of strong winds and thawing spring weather triggered the unusual outbreak. 'Nemo' From Space: NASA Image Of Potentially Historic Winter Storm (PHOTO) Climate Change And The Blizzard: Nor'easters More Fierce With Global Warming, Scientists Say. Climate change may or may not have helped generate the nor'easter lashing the East Coast this weekend. Such storms happen with some regularity, after all. But the amount of snow the storm called "Nemo" ultimately dumps, and the extent of flood damage it leaves in its wake, may well have ties to global warming, climate scientists suggested. Michael Mann, a climatologist who directs the Earth System Science Center at Pennsylvania State University, compared a major storm like Nemo -- or Hurricane Irene or Superstorm Sandy, for that matter -- to a basketball slam-dunk with a lower net.

"If you take the basketball court and raise it a foot, you're going to see more slam-dunks," Mann said. "Not every dunk is due to raising the floor, but you'll start seeing them happen more often then they ought to. " The two key ingredients in a big snow: just cold-enough temperatures and a lot of moisture. Northeast Blizzard Warnings Posted As Region Braces For Up To Several Feet Of Snow. BOSTON — A storm that forecasters warned could be a blizzard for the history books, with a potential for up to 3 feet of snow, clobbered the New York-to-Boston corridor on Friday, grounding flights and knocking out power to hundreds of thousands of customers across the Northeast.

By Friday evening, more than 14 inches of snow had fallen in Belmont, Mass., just northwest of Boston, and more than 13 inches covered parts of northeastern Connecticut. Throughout the Northeast, about 350,000 homes and businesses lost electricity as wet, heavy snow, freezing rain and howling winds caused havoc. Australian Town Overtaken By Sea Foam. Watering fields in California boosts rainfall in Southwest. Farmers in California help make it rain in the American Southwest, a new computer simulation suggests. Water that evaporates from irrigated fields in California’s Central Valley travels to the Four Corners region, where it boosts summer rain and increases runoff to the Colorado River, researchers report online January 12 in Geophysical Research Letters.

DOWNSTREAM EFFECTS Irrigation in California’s Central Valley affects the climate of the American Southwest, a new study suggests. 7.4 Cubic Kilometers of Ice Crashing Into the Ocean. Megastorms Could Drown Massive Portions of California. The intense rainstorms sweeping in from the Pacific Ocean began to pound central California on Christmas Eve in 1861 and continued virtually unabated for 43 days. Warm seas around Greenland may indicate cold European winter. Tiny organisms in marine sediments off the coast of Southeast Greenland could help scientists forecast the weather this winter.

Superstorm Sandy: before and after. Development: Blake ButcherExecutive producer: Matthew LiddySource: NOAA/Google Use our interactive images to see parts of the north-eastern coastline of the United States before and after the damage caused by Hurricane Sandy. Global drought may have changed less than thought. Critical Thinking on Climate Change: Separating Skepticism From Denial. TEDx Speaker Predicted Hurricane Sandy’s Devastation One Year Ago. Sandy versus Katrina, and Irene: Monster Hurricanes by the Numbers. The Stats Are In: Superstorm Sandy Totals.

SANDY DEBUNKED: Sandy is not the strongest hurricane north of Cape Hatteras. A near-record low barometric pressure occurred with Sandy offshore Monday afternoon. The pressure bottomed at 27.76 inches. For a storm north of Cape Hatteras, N.C., Hurricane Gladys of 1977 holds the record at 27.73 inches. NASA Warned New York About Hurricane Danger Six Years Ago.

Earth May Be Warming Even Faster Than Expected [Slide Show] Scientists have thought that if planetary warming could be kept below a 2-degree Celsius increase, perils such as catastrophic sea-level rise and searing heat waves could be avoided. Ongoing data, however, indicate that three global feedback mechanisms may be pushing Earth into a period of rapid climate change even before the 2-degree C "limit" is reached: Ice melting into the oceans, which warms surface seawater, leading to more melting; thawing of permafrost, which releases carbon dioxide and methane into the atmosphere, raising the air temperature and melting more permafrost; and glaciers breaking up and falling into the sea, which lessens the amount of sunlight reflected into space, thereby heating the atmosphere and further degrading glaciers.

Hurricane Sandy path: How the Fujiwhara Effect explains its odd trajectory. Image courtesy of Ryan Maue / WeatherBELL Analytics A week ago, as Sandy was coalescing down in the Caribbean, the United States’ best models predicted that the hurricane would mosey up the coast and then sail harmlessly out to sea. But a European model predicted something stranger and more sinister: that Sandy would, in essence, lock arms with a low-pressure trough over the Eastern United States, which would pull it inward toward a potentially devastating landfall on the East Coast.

Sandy is 'An Extraordinarily Unusual Confluence of Events' Arctic Ice Melt Could Mean More Extreme Winters For U.S. And Europe. From Climate Central: The record loss of Arctic sea ice this summer will echo throughout the weather patterns affecting the U.S. and Europe this winter, climate scientists said on Wednesday, since added heat in the Arctic influences the jet stream and may make extreme weather and climate events more likely. The “astounding” loss of sea ice this year is adding a huge amount of heat to the Arctic Ocean and the atmosphere, said Jennifer Francis, an atmospheric scientist at Rutgers University in New Jersey. Thawing permafrost emits more carbon than expected. Hurricane Isaac Pictures: Photos Document The 2012 Storms That Hit Louisiana And Mississippi. Before It Was Hurricane Isaac: Amazing Night Photo of Tropical Storm. Wi-Fi weather station could help create world's biggest weather-monitoring network.