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For Non-Human Persons

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Scientists make first living robots from frog cells. A team of scientists at Tufts University in the US have created xenobots, tiny robots made from frog skin and heart cells that can walk, work together and heal themselves.

Scientists make first living robots from frog cells

Algorithms define the configurations of frog cells, which are then constructed by humans to create a living robot that the scientists have called a xenobot, after the Xenopus laevis species of frog they are made from. These aquatic organisms live for up to seven days, and the team hopes that in future they can be used to deliver drugs into people's bloodstreams, clean up microplastics from the ocean, or manage radioactive waste spills. A number of variations of the 0.7 millimetre-long robots are designed using a computer algorithm. "Computers model the dynamics of the biological building blocks (skin and heart muscle) and use them like LEGO bricks to build different organism anatomies," said the team of scientists.

Samsung's artificial Neon humans are "a new kind of life" In a bid to "make science fiction a reality", Samsung's future factory STAR Labs has developed Neon, AI-powered virtual beings that look and behave like real humans.

Samsung's artificial Neon humans are "a new kind of life"

Unlike artificially intelligent (AI) assistants like Siri or Alexa, STAR Labs' computationally created beings aren't programmed to be "know-it-all bots" or an interface to answer users' questions and demands. Instead, the avatars are designed to converse and sympathise "like real people" in order to act as hyper lifelike companions. Can Elephants Be Persons? If Happy the elephant were allowed to live a natural life in the wild, she would likely spend her days roaming miles of tropical forest and plucking fruit and leaves from trees with the finger-like tip of her trunk.

Can Elephants Be Persons?

She would have grown up as part of a complex social system, in which elephant calves are doted on by older siblings, cousins, and aunts. By age forty-seven, Happy would likely have already raised multiple calves of her own. She would trumpet with excitement at the other members of her herd and call to potential mates using infrasonic rumbles that travel long distances, inaudible to the human ear. But Happy does not do any of this. Dolphins and Whales Might Experience the World as a Group. There's other evidence for dolphins and whales having an advanced level of social and emotional intelligence.

Dolphins and Whales Might Experience the World as a Group

Some cetacean species possess spindle cells, a special type of neuron related to emotions and social interaction. These neurons are commonly thought of as a uniquely human feature that sets Homo sapiens and some non-human primates apart from the rest of the animal kingdom. If elephants aren’t persons yet, could they be one day? The Blood of the Crab. Theconversation. History will record that in the second decade of the third millennium, a killer whale uttered the word “hello” to a human.

theconversation

After eons of existential wandering in the forest of cosmic loneliness, has humanity finally made contact with another consciousness, not from another world but, astonishingly, the oceans of our own? Although scientists have reported an Orcinus orca at a marine park in Antibes, France, making noises that sound like human speech, the whale was not talking, any more than Hoover the seal or Koshik the elephant or uncountable parrots were when they produced recognisable copies of human words. Nevertheless the study, from researchers led by José Abramson at the Complutense University of Madrid and including my St Andrews colleague Josep Call, is still important.

Not because it means whales can speak English, but that they are capable of one of the core building blocks of language development in humans: vocal learning, the ability to copy novel sounds. Animal Pain and the New Mysticism About Consciousness » IAI TV. Can an Artist Help Captive Elephants Win Legal Personhood? You come upon the elephants slowly—glimpsed while walking down a city street as flickers of color against a building, or as strips of light velcroed to wet air—and then very quickly.

Can an Artist Help Captive Elephants Win Legal Personhood?

Chimps could soon win legal personhood. For the past three years, an attorney has been filing lawsuits in New York state on behalf of four chimpanzees named Tommy, Kiko, Hercules, and Leo.

Chimps could soon win legal personhood

They are intelligent “persons,” he argues, and should not be kept in cages. 150625112010. Thinking Pigs: A Comparative Review of Cognition, Emotion, and Personality in Sus domesticus [eScholarship] Peer Reviewed Title: Thinking Pigs: A Comparative Review of Cognition, Emotion, and Personality in Sus domesticus Journal Issue: International Journal of Comparative Psychology, 28 Author:

Thinking Pigs: A Comparative Review of Cognition, Emotion, and Personality in Sus domesticus [eScholarship]

Pigs Are Highly Social And Really Smart. So, Um, About Eating Them... Was the Golden Rule Born in the Mind of a Monkey? As economic inequality increased in many wealthy nations in recent years, a debate has developed around the question of whether inequality is bad for national economies—and bad for their citizens.

Was the Golden Rule Born in the Mind of a Monkey?

A captivating video clip of monkey behavior (see below), taken from a 2011 TED talk by primatologist Frans de Waal, has become a surprising piece of ammunition in this discussion. The video illustrates a famous 2003 experiment by de Waal and his colleague Sarah Brosnan. It begins with a capuchin monkey being rewarded with a cucumber slice for handing a rock to the experimenter. The monkey happily performs this task and collects her payment—until the monkey next to her is given a more desirable reward, a grape, for the same job. The first monkey then flings the unappetizing cucumber from her cage.

If you watch the video of the capuchin monkeys (especially if it’s in the context of a blog post on income equality), it may seem obvious that the underpaid monkey is objecting to unfair treatment. Court Rules Orangutan Held In Argentina Zoo Is 'Non-Human Person' And Can Be Freed. By Richard Lough BUENOS AIRES, Dec 21 (Reuters) - An orangutan held in an Argentine zoo can be freed and transferred to a sanctuary after a court recognized the ape as a "non-human person" unlawfully deprived of its freedom, local media reported on Sunday.

Court Rules Orangutan Held In Argentina Zoo Is 'Non-Human Person' And Can Be Freed

Animal rights campaigners filed a habeas corpus petition - a document more typically used to challenge the legality of a person's detention or imprisonment - in November on behalf of Sandra, a 29-year-old Sumatran orangutan at the Buenos Aires zoo. In a landmark ruling that could pave the way for more lawsuits, the Association of Officials and Lawyers for Animal Rights (AFADA) argued the ape had sufficient cognitive functions and should not be treated as an object.

The court agreed Sandra, born into captivity in Germany before being transferred to Argentina two decades ago, deserved the basic rights of a "non-human person. " Orangutan is a word from the Malay and Indonesian languages that means "forest man. " Chimpanzee Personhood: What the Judges Said. It's a little unusual for a judge to wish you good luck as you head off to appeal his decision. But that's exactly what happened when the Nonhuman Rights Project went before the Hon. Joseph Sise in a county court last week. It was the first of three court proceedings on behalf of four chimpanzees in New York State – Tommy, Kiko, Hercules and Leo – whom we're seeking to have released to sanctuaries. “We didn't expect the strong words of encouragement and support from the judges. "Tommy, whose petition was heard by Judge Sise, is living in a small cage in a dark shed at a used trailer lot.

It quickly became apparent that what Judge Sise was doing was enabling us to get on the official record a full explanation as to why Tommy should be considered a "legal person" with the capacity for basic legal rights. "Your impassioned representations to the Court are quite impressive. Our lawsuit is novel territory, by any standard, and there are no precedents on which lower court judges can rely. Dolphins aren’t as special as you think.

A necessary disclaimer right off the bat: No one’s denying that dolphins are cool, and smart, and even special. To suggest otherwise is to step into extremely controversial territory, as Justin Gregg, a researcher with the Dolphin Communication Project, found out earlier this year. Earth in Transition. Elephants Orphaned by Mass Killings Are Tormented For Decades Afterward. Culling has long been used as a conservation tool to keep elephant populations in check, but a new study shows such killings can psychologically damage groups of elephants for decades. Wildlife officials in South Africa have used culling to manage elephant populations since the 1960s. The environmental benefit is clear: too many of these huge, hungry animals could quickly eat, trample and uproot the vegetation in a fenced nature reserve. To prevent such habitat destruction, managers have historically rounded up the big beasts with a helicopter and had professional hunters on the ground kill some adults.

The young elephants are then shipped to other parks. PTSD for Elephants Previous studies have shown that young elephants that live through such events grew up with a version of PTSD, delaying their development and making them unusually scared or aggressive. “These calves watched as their mothers and other family members were killed and butchered. Looking Long Term. India Bans Captive Dolphin Shows as 'Morally Unacceptable' NEW DELHI, India , May 20, 2013 (ENS) – India’s Ministry of Environment and Forests has decided to forbid the keeping of captive dolphins for public entertainment anywhere in the country. In a policy statement released Friday, the ministry advised state governments to reject any proposal to establish a dolphinarium “by any person / persons, organizations, government agencies, private or public enterprises that involves import, capture of cetacean species to establish for commercial entertainment, private or public exhibition and interaction purposes whatsoever.”