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Gender and health

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International Day of the Girl: how inequality starts before birth – video. Gender, health and the Sustainable Development Goals. Blog: Violet Shivutse: applying the principles of farming to grow a network of caregivers in Kenya. A new report from UN Women, Progress of the World’s Women 2015-2016: Transforming Economies, Realizing Rights, calls for radical reforms to the global policy agenda thinking which will transform economies and make women’s rights and equality a reality.

Blog: Violet Shivutse: applying the principles of farming to grow a network of caregivers in Kenya

Included is a series of case studies from all over the world which illustrate how governments, organizations, and individuals are working to transform the economic landscape for women. Violet Shivutse, a 47 year old farmer and founder of Kenya’s branch of the Home Based Care Alliance, describes how she applied the lessons of farming to grow an entire network of effective, organized caregivers.

As a female farmer in Kenya, I have seen that the fields are not always level between women and men. Often, men participate in decision making and agricultural programs, while women labor for a day’s wage. From this experience, I have learned that if you want something, you have to go out and get it. In short: caregivers needed to organize. The countries where it's worst to grow up as a girl.

Ahead of International Women's Day an annual report has revealed the hardest countries in which to grow up female, finding the index is topped predominately by African countries.

The countries where it's worst to grow up as a girl

The Poverty is Sexist 2016 report by ONE, released Monday, compiled data from 166 countries to rank opportunity around the world. The report index takes into account statistics across a range of subjects, including GDP per capita, school attendance by girls, access to bank accounts, the proportion of women in a paid job relative to men, the likelihood of death during childbirth, political representation by women and prevalence of anaemia among women. The results found that the 20 toughest countries to be born a girl, are among the poorest - 18 are classified by the United Nations as 'Least Developed Countries', while 13 are on the World Bank’s list of ‘Fragile Situations’. Niger was the hardest country for young women, followed by Somalia and Mali.

Newspaper article: Indian sex workers are a shining example of women's empowerment. When the multi-country research programme that I direct, Pathways of Women's Empowerment, began its search for inspiring examples of empowerment, in 2006, few might have imagined it would take us to a collective of sex workers in a town in the heart of Maharashtra in India.

Newspaper article: Indian sex workers are a shining example of women's empowerment

But the stories of empowerment I heard when I visited the Sangli headquarters of the Vamp collective not only summed up some of the most important lessons we were learning in the programme about what works to support women's empowerment, they were also among the most impressive. The Power of the Collective from Katrina Mansoor on Vimeo. "If I'd been married, I would have been HIV positive by now," says one of Vamp's stalwarts, Shabana, reflecting that married women are far more vulnerable than she is as a sex worker, unable to insist on condoms with their husbands as she does with her clients. Vamp's mission is to change society. Founded in 1997, Vamp now has more than 5,000 members. YouTube video: Beads of Bondage. Podcast: gender equality and global development. Gender inequality remains one of the top development challenges of the 21st century.

Podcast: gender equality and global development

Women and girls continue to fare worse across many headline development indicators - from poverty and health to education and political participation. But what's holding back progress on gender equality? And what can be done to make the world a better place for women and girls? In this edition of our new Global Development podcast, we look at the impact of the global financial crisis on women around the world, examine new ideas to push forward progress on gender issues, and ask what can be done to tackle gender-based inequalities in the 21st century.

Article: The many faces of gender inequality (Sen, 2001) Article: Gendercide: The worldwide war on baby girls. XINRAN XUE, a Chinese writer, describes visiting a peasant family in the Yimeng area of Shandong province.

Article: Gendercide: The worldwide war on baby girls

The wife was giving birth. “We had scarcely sat down in the kitchen”, she writes (see article), “when we heard a moan of pain from the bedroom next door…The cries from the inner room grew louder—and abruptly stopped. There was a low sob, and then a man's gruff voice said accusingly: ‘Useless thing! ' “Suddenly, I thought I heard a slight movement in the slops pail behind me,” Miss Xinran remembers. “To my absolute horror, I saw a tiny foot poking out of the pail. “‘But that's...murder...and you're the police! ' In January 2010 the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) showed what can happen to a country when girl babies don't count. The number is based on the sexual discrepancy among people aged 19 and below.

Parts of India have sex ratios as skewed as anything in its northern neighbour. Boys are slightly more likely to die in infancy than girls. Chasing puppy-dogs' tails. Article: Preventing HIV Infection in Women: A global Health Imperative.