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Gregorian Chant

Gregorian Chant
Help support New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. Includes the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa, Bible and more — all for only $19.99... The name is often taken as synonymous with plain chant, comprising not only the Church music of the early Middle Ages, but also later compositions (elaborate melodies for the Ordinary of the Mass, sequences, etc.) written in a similar style down to the sixteenth century and even in modern times. In a stricter sense Gregorian chant means that Roman form of early plain chant as distinguished from the Ambrosian, Gallican, and Mozarabic chants, which were akin to it, but were gradually supplanted by it from the eighth to the eleventh century. Of the Gallican and Mozarabic chants only a few remains are extant, but they were probably closely related to the Ambrosian chant. The principal proofs for a Gregorian tradition may be summarized thus: Comments Sources About this page APA citation. MLA citation.

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Gregorian Chant Notation This is a description of the traditional Gregorian Chant notation, so that anyone will be able to read the notation and sing it. Chant is written in neumes, which are notes sung on a single syllable. Gregorian Chant has no meter at all, though it does have a rhythm of groups of 2 or 3 notes. Vertical lines separate musical phrases and may sometimes allow a pause for taking a breath, like Gregorian chant This is a page from a book whose title is Graduale Aboense. Here you can see a song about St. Henry, a holy man from Finland. The black marks, which are above the words, show what the music looks like. The song starts at the large letter G in the middle of the page. Example Hynn to John, sung in Latin

Plainsong Plainsong (also plainchant; Latin: cantus planus) is a body of chants used in the liturgies of the Western Church. Though the Eastern Orthodox churches and the Western Church did not split until long after the origin of plainsong, Byzantine chants are generally not classified as plainsong. Plainsong is monophonic, consisting of a single, unaccompanied melodic line. Its rhythm is generally freer than the metered rhythm of later Western music. History[edit] Plainsong developed during the earliest centuries of Christianity, influenced possibly by the music of the Jewish synagogue and certainly by the Greek modal system.

Abbaye de Solesmes - Histoire du Chant Grégorien Gregorian Chant is a musical repertory made up of chants used in the liturgical services of the Roman Catholic Church. In fact, the liturgical tradition which the Church has given us is a vocal, monophonic music composed in Latin using sacred texts from the Ancient and New Testaments. This is why Gregorian Chant has often been called a "sung Bible". Linked intimately to the liturgy in this way, the goal of the Gregorian melodies is to favor spiritual growth, reveal the gifts of God and the full coherence of the Christian message. What we call Gregorian chant today first appears distinctly in the Roman repertory of the fifth and sixth centuries. Its implimentation and perhaps some of its composition was in the hands of a group of ministers in a service specially dedicated to the Roman basilicas, the schola cantorum.

The Gregorian Chant History The Gregorian chant is the oldest musical manifestation of the Occident and it has its roots in the songs of the old synagogues, since Jesus Christ`s times. The first Christians and disciples of Christ, were converted Jewish that, persevering in prayer, continued to sing the psalms and songs of the Old Testament as they were used, although with other sense. As long as the Greek, not Jews and Romans were also becoming Christian, elements of the music and the Greek-French-Roman culture were being included to the Jewish songs. The formation period of the Gregorian chant includes the centuries I to VI, reaching the peak in the centuries IX, X and XI, beginning of the Medium Age; it begins, then, its decadence. The name is an homage to Pope Gregory I (540-604) that did a collection of pieces, publishing them in two books: Antiphonarium, group or referring melodies at the Canonical Hours, and the Graduale Romanum, containing Santa Mass`s songs. Starting from the initiative talent of D.

Composer Timelines for different Classical Music Periods Musicologists divide the history of classical music into different eras or periods - see our description of the different Classical Music Periods. It is quite common to see historical events mapped out on a Timeline so that you can see the events in order. Such diagrams help you to see the "big picture", and with music you can plot the lifetimes of the famous composers. On such a timeline you can see which composers are contemporaries, and begin to get an appreciation for the number of composers creating music during different periods. Here are our own Composer Timelines for the following Music Periods:

The History Of Gregorian Chant The Gregorian Chant is the collective name given to a whole tradition of chants that evolved in the world from the times of the Old Testament of The Christian Bible and have survived even today. These chants have been quite associated with Christianity and indeed they have been sung in churches for over two thousand years now. It is certain that the Gregorian chant - though not in that name - existed even during the times of Jesus Christ, and Christ might have sung these chants in His teachings to people. The Gregorian Chant contains a collection of what is known as the plainchant (from the French plein chant, which means 'full song') - a series of unaccompanied vocal music that follows a monophone.

Pope Gregory I Pope Gregory I (Latin: Gregorius I; c. 540 – 12 March 604), commonly known as Saint Gregory the Great,[1] was Pope from 3 September 590 to his death in 604. Gregory is well known for his writings, which were more prolific than those of any of his predecessors as pope.[2] He is also known as St. Gregory the Dialogist in Eastern Orthodoxy because of his Dialogues.

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