background preloader

Gestalt psychology

Gestalt psychology
Gestalt psychology or gestaltism (German: Gestalt – "shape or form") is a theory of mind of the Berlin School. The central principle of gestalt psychology is that the mind forms a global whole with self-organizing tendencies. This principle maintains that the human mind considers objects in their entirety before, or in parallel with, perception of their individual parts; suggesting the whole is other than the sum of its parts. Gestalt psychology tries to understand the laws of our ability to acquire and maintain meaningful perceptions in an apparently chaotic world. In the domain of perception, Gestalt psychologists stipulate that perceptions are the products of complex interactions among various stimuli. Contrary to the behaviorist approach to understanding the elements of cognitive processes, gestalt psychologists sought to understand their organization (Carlson and Heth, 2010). Origins[edit] Gestalt therapy[edit] Theoretical framework and methodology[edit] Properties[edit] Reification

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestalt_psychology

Related:  Brain Structureété14*

Brain Wiring, MRI, Water London’s streets are a mess. Roads bend sharply, end abruptly, and meet each other at unlikely angles. Intuitively, you might think that the cells of our brain are arranged in a similarly haphazard pattern, forming connections in random places and angles. But a new study suggests that our mental circuitry is more like Manhattan’s organised grid than London’s chaotic tangle. It consists of sheets of fibres that intersect at right angles, with no diagonals anywhere to be seen. Max Wertheimer - Wikipedia Max Wertheimer (April 15, 1880 – October 12, 1943) was an Austro-Hungarian-born psychologist who was one of the three founders of Gestalt psychology, along with Kurt Koffka and Wolfgang Köhler. He is known for his book, Productive Thinking, and for conceiving the phi phenomenon as part of his work in Gestalt psychology. Wertheimer became interested in psychology and studied under Carl Stumpf at the University of Berlin.[1] Wertheimer then went on to obtain his PhD in 1904 under Oswald Külpe, at the University of Würzburg[1] and then began his intellectual career teaching at the Frankfurt University. For a short time he left Frankfurt to work at the Berlin Psychological Institute, but returned in 1929 as a full professor. Wertheimer eventually ended up on the faculty of The New School in New York, a position he held until his death. Early life[edit]

Blue Brain Project Accurately Predicts Connections between Neurons 26.09.12 - Proof of concept: researchers identify principles to support brain simulation models One of the greatest challenges in neuroscience is to identify the map of synaptic connections between neurons. Called the “connectome,” it is the holy grail that will explain how information flows in the brain. In a paper, published the week of 17th of September in PNAS, the EPFL’s Blue Brain Project (BBP) has identified key principles that determine synapse-scale connectivity by virtually reconstructing a cortical microcircuit and comparing it to a mammalian sample. These principles now make it possible to predict the locations of synapses in the neocortex. “This is a major breakthrough, because it would otherwise take decades, if not centuries, to map the location of each synapse in the brain and it also makes it so much easier now to build accurate models,” says Henry Markram, head of the BBP.

Free Pattern Month Day 21 - Very Purple Person: Scalloped Hat Pattern Boy, do I have a great pattern for your next summer escapade. Please welcome the most adorable Novita from Very Purple Person and her Scalloped Hat Pattern. I found Novita's blog oh-so-long ago. in.ernet.dli.2015 Donor Challenge: Help us reach our goal! To the Internet Archive Community, Time is running out: please help the Internet Archive today. The average donation is $45. Trends in Technology-aided Learning: 2015 and Beyond To call it an emerging trend would be an understatement. Today, the effectiveness as well as cost-effectiveness of technology-aided learning is an established fact – both within and outside the corporate world. Technology-aided learning is now a huge and booming industry, with an estimated market value of $107 billion in 2015 (Source: Forbes.com). It makes perfect sense to end the year with a review of the trends that are set to define the learning industry in the coming year. Small is Powerful: While the spread and popularity of e-learning is increasing day by day, the need for micro-learning or learning in small sizes is also on the rise. This is because the number of professionals is increasing exponentially, and though all value learning, most find it hard to schedule long learning hours in the midst of a stressful working day.

.mit This first complete translation of Max Wertheimer's early writings makes his classic work available to a much enlarged readership. The fabulous mind of the author is exhibited in astonishingly painstaking experimentation driven by the logic of relational determination (Gestalt theory). Supplementary essays by six distinguished scientists flesh out the theoretical and historical significance of what provoked a paradigm shift.Richard Heldemeritus professor of Brain and Cognitive Sciences at MIT Reading the classical Wertheimer papers, I am impressed by his originality, energy, range of approach, experimental skill, the wealth of findings, and the quality of theoretical discussions.

Mapping brain circuits for specific functions MIT neuroscientists used calcium imaging to label these pyramidal cells in the brain (credit: Qian Chen/MIT) A team led by MIT neuroscientists has developed a way to monitor how brain cells coordinate with each other to control specific behaviors, such as initiating movement or detecting an odor. The researchers’ new imaging technique, based on the detection of calcium ions in neurons, could help them map the brain circuits that perform such functions. en.m.wikipedia Psychological perspective Humanistic psychology is a psychological perspective that rose to prominence in the mid-20th century in answer to the limitations of Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory and B. F.

First micro-structure atlas of the human brain completed A European team of scientists have built the first atlas of white-matter microstructure in the human brain. The project’s final results have the potential to change the face of neuroscience and medicine over the coming decade. The work relied on groundbreaking MRI technology and was funded by the EU’s future and emerging technologies program with a grant of 2.4 million Euros. The participants of the project, called CONNECT, were drawn from leading research centres in countries across Europe including Israel, United Kingdom, Germany, France, Denmark, Switzerland and Italy. The project investigators met today in Paris, after 3 years of research, to announce the conclusion of the project and present a report of their findings. The new atlas combines three-dimensional images from the MRI scans of 100 brains of volunteers.

IS UNIT WEB SITE - IPTS - JRC - EC Starting date: May 2009 Duration: 18 months Client: European Commission, Directorate General for Education and Culture, Unit Jean Monet, partnerships and relations with agencies (EAC A3) Objective: It is acknowledged by policymakers and researchers that a fundamental transformation of education and training throughout Europe is needed, not only to maintain existing levels of education and training in the population, but also to develop the new skills and competences required if Europe is to remain competitive and grasp new opportunities. To direct policy action appropriately, a methodologically sound approach is needed, outlining possible visions of a European knowledge society in 2020 and indicating emergent novel competences and ways of acquiring them.

en.m.wikipedia Karl Ludwig Bühler (27 May 1879 – 24 October 1963) was a German psychologist and linguist. In psychology he is known for his work in gestalt psychology, and he was one of the founders of the Würzburg School of psychology. In linguistics he is known for his organon model of communication and his treatment of deixis as a linguistic phenomenon. He was the dissertation advisor of Karl Popper.[3] Biography[edit] Bühler was born in Meckesheim. Exercise May Help Preserve Memory and Thinking Skills Stuart Bradford Remaining physically active as you age, a new study shows, may help protect parts of your brain from shrinking, a process that has been linked to declines in thinking and memory skills. Physical exercise not only protected against such age-related brain changes, but also had more of an effect than mentally and socially stimulating activities. In the new report, published in the journal Neurology, a team at the University of Edinburgh followed more than 600 people, starting at age 70. The subjects provided details on their daily physical, mental and social activities.

The whole is other than the sum of the parts. Gestalt laws of grouping organising the Good Gestalt. by weihler Oct 3

Related: