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Genetics

Genetics
Genetics includes the study of heredity, or how traits are passed from parents to offspring. The topics of genetics vary and are constantly changing as we learn more about the genome and how we are influenced by our genes. Inheritance Mendel & Inheritance – powerpoint presentation covering basics of genetics Simple Genetics Practice – using mendelian genetics and punnett squares Genetic Crosses with two traits – basic crosses, uses Punnet squaresGenetic Crosses with two traits II – basic crossses, uses Punnett squaresDihybrid Crosses in Guinea Pigs (pdf) – step through on how to do a 4×4 punnett square Codominance & Incomplete Dominance – basic crosses involving codominance X-Linked Traits – practice crosses that involve sex-linkage, mainly in fruitflies The Genetics of Blood Disorders – a worksheet with genetics problems that relate to specific disorders: sickle cell anemia, hemophilia, and Von Willebrand disease. Human Genetics Presentation Chromosomes Modeling Chromosomal Inheritance Related:  Intro to Genetics DNA Structure and Function

Evolution & Taxonomy Evolution is often called the “unifying theory of biology” because it organizes all of the observations gathered by biologists and proposes and explanation for those observations. All state standards for teaching science include a section on evolution (sometimes called adaptation or change over time). Evolution Peppered Moth Simulation – newspaper and colored paper simulated natural selection Peppered Moth Simulation Kit – similar to above, only uses a purchased kit from Neo Sci. Evolution Concept Map – graphic organizer, shows terms related to evolution and how they are connected Evolution Crossword Puzzle – terms related to topic of evolution; darwin, galapagos, selection..etc… – Berkeley interactive activity with questions Comparing Life History to the Hours of a Clock – place events, such as “bacteria evolve” on a clock The Decay Curve of Twizzlers – use twizzlers candy to understand the decay of isotopes and how that decay is used for carbon dating Taxonomy

Does Sunscreen Protect my DNA? In this laboratory experiment students explore how effectively different sunscreens protect yeast cells from damage caused by ultraviolet (UV) radiation. DNA contains the instructions for proper cell function; changes to DNA can cause cancer; skin cancer can be caused by exposure to UV radiation, which comes from the sun; and the meaning of SPF ratings on sunscreens. Class Time: Two 45 minute class times Prep Time: 1-2 hours Does Sunscreen Protect my DNA? Student Version Does Sunscreen Protect my DNA? Teacher pages include material supply contacts and teaching strategies to help students interpret and explore their data. Students follow simple step-by-step instructions to explore DNA damage caused by UV radiation. Funding provided by a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Precollege Science Education Initiative for Biomedical Research Institutions Award (Grant 51000125)

Honors Genetics Use of our material: We have worked very hard on Powerpoints/games/worksheets, etc to make this a resource for our students. If you are using our materials, please give us credit for our efforts by listing us as a source with links to our site. High School Life Science Conceptual Understanding: Heredity is the passing of characteristics from one generation to the next via genes. Chromosomes are single long DNA molecules which carry the instructions for forming particular species characteristics. Genes are a segment on the DNA that code for a particular trait. An alternative form of a gene found at the same place on a chromosome is called an allele. HS-LS3-1 Ask questions to clarify relationships about the role of DNA and chromosomes in coding the instructions for characteristic traits passed from parents to offspring. High School Life Science Standards (Grades 9-12) Indicator 1: Understand the fundamental structures, functions, classifications, and mechanisms found in living things.

Cell Biology Cell Parts Cheek Cell Lab - observe cheek cells under the microscope Cheek Cell Virtual Lab – if you missed it in class Animal Cell Coloring - color a typical animal cell Plant Cell Coloring - color a typical plant cell Plant Cell Lab - microscope observation of onion and elodea Plant Cell Lab Makeup - microscope observation of onion and elodea, if students missed the lab that day they can view a site with pictures to complete lab handout Plant Cell Virtual Lab – use a virtual microscope to view plant cells. Comparing Plant and Animal Cells – looks at cheek and onion cells Prokaryote Coloring - color a typical bacteria cell Cell City Analogy - compares a cell to a city Cells Alive (internet) - view cells on the web Cell Model – create a cell from household and kitchen items, rubric included Cell Research & Design - research cells on the web, use computer to create your own cell Cell Rap – song or poem to describe the parts of the cell Cell Reproduction Cell Processes Cell Study Guide

Interactive Game As of July 1, 2013 ThinkQuest has been discontinued. We would like to thank everyone for being a part of the ThinkQuest global community: Students - For your limitless creativity and innovation, which inspires us all. Teachers - For your passion in guiding students on their quest. Partners - For your unwavering support and evangelism. Parents - For supporting the use of technology not only as an instrument of learning, but as a means of creating knowledge. We encourage everyone to continue to “Think, Create and Collaborate,” unleashing the power of technology to teach, share, and inspire. Best wishes, The Oracle Education Foundation British Couple Clones Dead Dog For $100K On Dec. 26, Laura Jacques, 29, and Richard Remde, 43, of Yorkshire, United Kingdom, welcomed two new puppies - dubbed Chance and Shadow - cloned from the DNA of Dylan, their deceased boxer, the Guardian reports. Dylan died of a brain tumor in June at the age of 8. [READ: Do You Love Your Dog More Than Humans?] The couple sent his DNA samples to Sooam Biotech Research Foundation in South Korea, which offers a commercial dog-cloning service for about $100,000 per procedure, according to the Guardian. Sooam Biotech, the only laboratory of its kind in the world, has successfully cloned hundreds of dogs, though Dylan's is reportedly the oldest sample from which a dog has been cloned successfully.

Worksheets by Topic Genetics- Punnett Square games Best Review Games for Punnett Squares (teacher reviewed) Chickens and Lemmings This is one of the best games for learning Punnett Squares, because it checks you as you go along. If you make a mistake it will help you understand what you need to change. Tutorial and interactive game for Punnett Squares In the directions under “set up” click the link for the tutorial.Below the directions is a Punnett Square that will fill in the squares for you after you set up the parents’ information. Drag and Drop Punnett Squares Drag the letters for mom’s and dad’s alleles. Then drag letters in to fill the squares for the potential children’s alleles. Pick a Game- Punnett Squares Rock, Paper, ScissorsorWho Wants to Be a Millionaire or Super Basketball Shooter or… the list has lots of choices! Interactive Quiz Can you answer all these questions right the first time? 3 Comments

Couple Spends $100,000 To Clone Deceased Dog, Gets Two Puppies Current Classes Practice Exams for Genetics These practice exams were put here to help you monitor your progress in genetics. Do not study only these questions as new questions will be written for each test and old questions will be modified. It is important that you understand the question and why the correct answer is correct. Exam #1 Chapter 2 -- Chromosomes and Cellular Reproduction Chapter 3 -- Basic Principles of Heredity Chapters 4 and 6 -- Sex Determination, Sex-linked Traits, Pedigrees Chapter 3 -- Probability and Statistics Exam #2

Anatomy (Dissections) Most biology classes will have some form of dissection – the frog is the most common. However, if you do not do an actual dissection, many of the sections below contain links to virtual dissections and image files. Fetal Pig Fetal Pig Dissection - procedure for the dissection Fetal Pig Dissection Review - resources for studying Fetal Pig Lab Guide – lists structures and check boxes Fetal Pig Gallery – collection of labeled and unlabeled images Frog Dissection Frog External Anatomy - legs, eyes, mouth structures Frog Dissection - major organs of the digestive, urogenital, and circulatory and respiratory systems Frog Brain and Bones – remove the frog’s brain, expose the bones of the lower leg Frog Dissection Crossword – review terms and procedures Observe a Living Frog – non dissection, behavior and characteristics Bullfrog Dissection – bullfrog dissection guides, more advanced than basic frog dissection Frog Dissection Gallery – collection of labeled and unlabeled images of the frog Human

Fruit Fly Tutorial Index In this virtual lab we will cross various fruit flies to see what phenotypes are present in the F1 and F2 generation. Using the data from these crosses, we will make a hypothesis regarding the genotypes of the parental (P) generation and test the hypothesis using a chi square analysis. **Print out a copy of the Data Page **Review how to do a chi square analysis Background Information Drosophila melanogaster is a fruit fly, a little insect about 3mm long, of the kind that accumulates around spoiled fruit. It is also one of the most valuable of organisms in biological research, particularly in genetics and developmental biology. See mutant fruit flies You can order mutant fruit flies from any biological company and perform crosses in the lab that will generally take about two weeks. How to Raise Fruit Flies 1. Terminology Wild-type - flies that have the "normal" characteristics, red eyes, normal length wing and brown bodies. Mutant flies - any variation from the wild type. Genetic Notation 1.

Biology 2 & 2A Curriculum Biology 2 and 2A Chapter 30: Chordates, Fish, Amphibians Notes: Chordates | Fish | Amphibians Reading Guides: Chordates | Fish | Amphibians Fish Anatomy Coloring Fish Crossword Fish Observation lab Lab: Temperature and Respiration Rates of Fish Virtual Fish and Temperature Lab Chapter 30 Review Guide Quizzes: Fish and Amphibians Fish and Amphibian Taxonomy Amphibian Quiz Frog Dissection Other Resources Frog Test 1 Frog Test 2 Frog Test 3 Frog Test 4 Froguts.com Frogger for Fun! Frog External Anatomy Frog Digestive and Urogenital System Frog Brain and Bones Frog Dissection Alternative Frog Notes - additional diagrams and information you received in class Frog Labeling - review the parts of the frog by labeling these images Ultimate Frog Anatomy Review - resources to help you prepare for lab test Frog Dissection Crossword - descriptions of frog anatomy, you fill in the words Chapter 31: Reptiles and Birds Notes: Reptiles | Birds | Order Squamata Other Resources: Learn Bird Songs at enature.com Chapters

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