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Open source

Open source
In production and development, open source as a development model promotes a) universal access via free license to a product's design or blueprint, and b) universal redistribution of that design or blueprint, including subsequent improvements to it by anyone.[1][2] Researchers view open source as a specific case of the greater pattern of Open Collaboration, "any system of innovation or production that relies on goal-oriented yet loosely coordinated participants, who interact to create a product (or service) of economic value, which they make available to contributors and non-contributors alike".[3] Before the phrase open source became widely adopted, developers and producers used a variety of other terms. Open source gained hold with the rise of the Internet, and the attendant need for massive retooling of the computing source code.[4][page needed] Opening the source code enabled a self-enhancing diversity of production models, communication paths, and interactive communities.

API In computer programming, an application programming interface (API) specifies how some software components should interact with each other. Detailed explanation[edit] API in procedural languages[edit] In most procedural languages, an API specifies a set of functions or routines that accomplish a specific task or are allowed to interact with a specific software component. Course Information Lectures Lectures are Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays from 11:00-11:50 in Building 370, Room 370. Lecture notes are available in advance and provide an outline for much of the material that will be presented in class; we recommend that you print out the notes and bring them to class so you can mark them up with additional notes during lecture. Books The following textbooks are recommended for the class:

Category:Creative Commons The Creative Commons (CC) is a non-profit organization devoted to expanding the range of creative work available for others legally to build upon and share. See Creative Commons Subcategories This category has the following 3 subcategories, out of 3 total. Pages in category "Creative Commons" The following 29 pages are in this category, out of 29 total. Open Source Definition and Solutions Open source is here to stay: Here's how to deal with it. Compiled by Steven J. Vaughan-Nichols, Editor-in-Chief, Practical Technology and Chris Lindquist The success of open-source software has been remarkable, forcing even the largest commercial software vendors such as IBM , Hewlett-Packard

Health Care Health care (or healthcare) is the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans. Health care is delivered by practitioners in allied health, dentistry, midwifery-obstetrics , medicine, nursing, optometry, pharmacy and other care providers. It refers to the work done in providing primary care, secondary care, and tertiary care, as well as in public health. Access to health care varies across countries, groups, and individuals, largely influenced by social and economic conditions as well as the health policies in place. Countries and jurisdictions have different policies and plans in relation to the personal and population-based health care goals within their societies. Health care systems are organizations established to meet the health needs of target populations.

Assembly Language Windows Applications Huh? . . . Windows in Assembler? First off, Assembly Language can be beautiful and legible. Here are two GIF images of my own code. Open standard An open standard is a standard that is publicly available and has various rights to use associated with it, and may also have various properties of how it was designed (e.g. open process). There is no single definition and interpretations vary with usage. The terms "open" and "standard" have a wide range of meanings associated with their usage. There are a number of definitions of open standards which emphasize different aspects of openness, including of the resulting specification, the openness of the drafting process, and the ownership of rights in the standard. The term "standard" is sometimes restricted to technologies approved by formalized committees that are open to participation by all interested parties and operate on a consensus basis. Many definitions of the term "standard" permit patent holders to impose "reasonable and non-discriminatory licensing" royalty fees and other licensing terms on implementers and/or users of the standard.

Proprietary software Proprietary software or closed source software is computer software licensed under exclusive legal right of the copyright holder with the intent that the licensee is given the right to use the software only under certain conditions, and restricted from other uses, such as modification, sharing, studying, redistribution, or reverse engineering.[1][2] Usually the source code of proprietary software is not made available. Complementary terms include free software,[2][3] licensed by the owner under more permissive terms, and public domain software, which is not subject to copyright and can be used for any purpose. Proponents of free and open source software use proprietary or non-free to describe software that is not free or open source.[4][5] A related but distinct categorization in the software industry is commercial software, which refers to software produced for sale but not necessarily closed source.

Law "Legal concept" redirects here. Lady Justice, a symbol of justice. She is depicted as a goddess equipped with three items: a sword, symbolising the coercive power of a court; scales, representing an objective standard by which competing claims are weighed; and a blindfold indicating that justice should be impartial and meted out objectively, without fear or favor and regardless of money, wealth, power or identity.[1] Law is a term which does not have a universally accepted definition,[2] but one definition is that law is a system of rules and guidelines which are enforced through social institutions to govern behaviour.[3] Laws can be made by legislatures through legislation (resulting in statutes), the executive through decrees and regulations, or judges through binding precedents (normally in common law jurisdictions). Private individuals can create legally binding contracts, including (in some jurisdictions) arbitration agreements that exclude the normal court process.

Secure Salted Password Hashing - How to do it Properly If you're a web developer, you've probably had to make a user account system. The most important aspect of a user account system is how user passwords are protected. User account databases are hacked frequently, so you absolutely must do something to protect your users' passwords if your website is ever breached. Category:Fair use For Wikipedia issues relating to copyright and fair use, please use Category:Wikipedia copyright and Category:Wikipedia non-free content. Subcategories This category has only the following subcategory. Pages in category "Fair use"

The 8 most successful open source products ever Posted in Tech blog on May 29th, 2009 by Pingdom Open source in itself is a success story. From being a niche concept, it has become a mainstream movement (well, more or less) and has received the attention of both individuals and businesses worldwide. There are thousands of open source projects and products out there, but which ones are the most successful? By successful we mean widely used and widely known.

Information retrieval Information retrieval is the activity of obtaining information resources relevant to an information need from a collection of information resources. Searches can be based on metadata or on full-text (or other content-based) indexing. Automated information retrieval systems are used to reduce what has been called "information overload". Many universities and public libraries use IR systems to provide access to books, journals and other documents. Learn to Code Part II: Working With Variables @pllee123: Much as I agree with the college classes are a good way to go. I've been a developer for over five years now and I've never been to a class in my life. It was just curiosity that caught me. I learnt everything I know whilst on the job.

open source: A movement in the software industry that makes programs available along with the source code used to create them so that others can inspect and modify how programs work. Changes to source code are shared with the community at large. Found in: Hurwitz, J., Nugent, A., Halper, F. & Kaufman, M. (2013) Big Data For Dummies. Hoboken, New Jersey, United States of America: For Dummies. ISBN: 9781118504222. by raviii Jan 1

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