Newsnet Scotland L’Indépendance de l’Écosse: it’s time! « En effet, aussi longtemps que cent parmi nous seront vivants, nous ne consentirons jamais, en aucune manière, à nous soumettre au gouvernement des Anglais, car ce n’est ni la gloire, ni les richesses, ni l’honneur pour lesquels nous nous battons, mais pour la liberté seulement, que nul homme, digne de ce nom, n’accepte de perdre, sinon avec sa vie. » - Déclaration d’Arbroath, 1320 Fondé en 1934, le SNP regroupe d’abord les nationalistes qui veulent un parlement écossais dans la capitale nationale, Édimbourg; c’est l’idée du Home Rule. Le parti devint rapidement l’union des forces indépendantistes. Pendant les 73 années qui suivirent, les souverainistes durent se contenter de maigres résultats dans leur lutte vers un État indépendant du Royaume-Uni. Après avoir occupé les sièges de l’opposition, le parti national écossais prend le pouvoir à Édimbourg en 2007, en faisant campagne sur l’indépendance. Une histoire nationale Organisation des forces indépendantistes
Scottish Parliament The Scottish Parliament (Scottish Gaelic: Pàrlamaid na h-Alba; Scots: The Scots Pairlament) is the devolved national, unicameral legislature of Scotland, located in the Holyrood area of the capital, Edinburgh. The Parliament, informally referred to as "Holyrood", is a democratically elected body comprising 129 members known as Members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs). Members are elected for four-year terms under the additional member system. As a result, 73 MSPs represent individual geographical constituencies elected by the plurality ("first past the post") system, with a further 56 returned from eight additional member regions, each electing seven MSPs. The most recent general election to the Parliament was held on 5 May 2011. Following a referendum in 1997, in which the Scottish electorate gave their consent, the current Parliament was convened by the Scotland Act 1998, which sets out its powers as a devolved legislature. History of the Scottish parliament
Scotland's Referendum 2014 | Scotland’s Future – Your Guide to an Independent Scotland On 18 September 2014 you will be asked to vote in a referendum on the question: ‘Should Scotland be an independent country?’ The Scottish Government believes you should vote Yes. This guide sets out the gains of independence for Scotland – whichever party is in government – and this Government’s vision and priorities for action if we are the first government of an independent Scotland. It also explains the process by which Scotland will become independent following a Yes vote and how our newly independent Scotland will work. Scotland has many natural advantages. We have a talented population with many world-class businesses and institutions. Through devolution, the people of Scotland have experienced some of the benefits of independence. The Scottish Parliament has protected the NHS from privatisation and restored our tradition of free education. In detail, this guide sets out: The case for independence Scotland can afford to be independent. How Scotland will become independent.
Scottish Parliament - About my vote, produced by The Electoral Commission What does it do? The Scottish Parliament represents the people of Scotland and has the power to make decisions and pass laws in the following areas: Economic developmentEducation and trainingThe environmentFarming, fisheries and forestryHealth and social servicesHousingLaw and orderLocal governmentPolice and fire servicesPlanningSport and the artsTourism. These are called devolved matters. How is it made up? There are 129 elected Members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs) and, if you live in Scotland, you are represented by eight of them. The Scottish Executive is the government in Scotland and is responsible for all devolved matters. How is it elected? When you vote in a Scottish Parliament election, you have two votes – one to elect your constituency member and one to elect your regional member. In the constituency ballot, the candidate with the largest number of votes is elected. When is it elected? Elections for the Scottish Parliament take place every four years. Share this page
Scottish Democratic Alliance - dedicated to re-energising Scotland Assemblée parlementaire du Conseil de l'Europe Recommandation 1811 (2007)1 Régionalisation en Europe 1. L’Assemblée parlementaire constate qu’une majorité d’Etats membres du Conseil de l’Europe sont des Etats fédéraux, confédéraux ou régionalisés, où les régions jouissent d’un fort degré d’autonomie ou, du moins, d’une décentralisation administrative considérable. 2. Elle constate en outre que la sphère politique régionale est une réalité institutionnelle d’une grande utilité en tant que niveau subétatique de gouvernement dans une majorité d’Etats membres du Conseil de l’Europe, dans la mesure où la région, pour des raisons de superficie et de proximité, est le niveau idéal pour l’exercice de la gouvernance. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 31.2. à renforcer le rôle des régions dans les institutions de l’Union européenne, notamment en développant les compétences et les moyens du Comité des régions; 1.
Scotland | £414m bill for Holyrood building The final cost of the Scottish Parliament building at Holyrood has been put at £414.4m. MSPs were given a final report on the "Holyrood Project" which showed that the price tag was some £16m cheaper than expected. Presiding officer George Reid also announced that the building's contractors will not be sued over construction delays. The constuction of the Holyrood complex has been formally declared complete. However, Mr Reid said legal action would be taken to recover the costs of a broken beam in the main chamber. The most recent estimate of the building costs had been £430.5m. Bill Aitken MSP, Scottish Conservative chief whip, said nobody had come out of the row over the Scottish Parliament with any great credit. "But at least some sort of grip was eventually exercised. An inquiry into the problems with the construction of the building was held by Tory peer Lord Fraser. He found systemic failures but no single "villain of the piece". 'Steely determination' New building
Five books to read on Scottish independence The stone had, briefly, returned home in the early Fifties when it was stolen from under the throne at Westminster Abbey by Scottish patriots; but it was sent back to London in time for the coronation in 1953. Now, 800 years after it was plundered, the stone was being piped over the border to apparent indifference. “In spite of all the carefully staged parading and heraldry, the sheer lack of popular enthusiasm was impressive,” wrote Neal Ascherson in his classic history-cum-memoir Stone Voices, published in 2003. The reason, Ascherson said, was that Scotland had come to define itself by the larcenous absence of the stone. Its significance to Scots became that of wrongfully acquired property. Could this be the principal motive behind the drive for Scottish separation from the Union – a burning sense of grievance at the historic perfidy of the English? Colley’s thesis is that Britishness as a form of national expression is as indigenous to Scotland as it is to England and Wales.