How to teach … philosophy In testing times such as these, is there really space in the timetable to teach philosophy? The great German philosopher Hegel (1770-1831) said: "Education to independence demands that young people should be accustomed early to consult their own sense of propriety and their own reason. To regard study as mere receptivity and memory work is to have a most incomplete view of what instruction means." Perhaps Michael Gove wouldn't agree, but for those who are interested the Guardian Teacher Network has resources to help young people think about philosophical questions and come to some coherent conclusions – and there is some evidence to indicate a powerful knock-on effect on student achievement in other subjects, not to mention the capacity to reflect on life choices. We start with an educational movement Philosophy for Children (P4C).
Philosophical Debates How do you feel about debates? What are discussions? Why bother? Better yet, let's rewind and start over. Philosophy relies on the rational argument and approaches some of life's most important questions systematically and methodically. Take 5 seconds to think about that.
Fred Smith - Dust of Uruzgan - ABC Canberra - Australian Broadcasting Corporation Fred Smith is the latest in a long line of Australian songwriters that attempt to capture what it means to serve your country overseas. The subject for his latest album, Dust of Urugzan, are the mixed fortunes of Australian armed service personnel, who travel the world with their work seeing some amazing sights and finding themselves treading very different roads to those of Australia, running the risk of injury or even death. Fred Smith travelled to Afghanistan for the Department of Foreign Affairs as a political adviser, engaging the provincial government officials and the tribal chiefs. He travelled with his guitar that serves as a bridge not only to the troops in the Afghan camps, but also to the people of this war-torn region.
Leiter on Dworkin on "Justice for Hedgehogs" Brian Leiter (University of Chicago) has posted The Empire Strikes Back: Errors and Mistakes in "Justice for Hedgehogs" on SSRN. Here is the abstract: In "The End of Empire: Dworkin and Jurisprudence in the 21st Century," I demonstrated that the seven most distinctive Dworkinian theses about the nature of law and adjudication have been extensively and decisively criticized over the past three decades, so much so that Dworkin himself has abandoned several of them. Dworkin has now responded to my essay in a new monograph, "Justice for Hedgehogs." In this short paper, I demonstrate that "Justice for Hedgehogs" fails to redeem any of the seven major Dworkinian theses. In many cases, Dworkin abandons his prior arguments for his distinctive claims, substituting new, but much weaker arguments, for prior positions that, while demonstrably false, at least had the virtue of some philosophical interest.
Human science Human science is the study and interpretation of the experiences, activities, constructs, and artifacts associated with human beings. The study of the human sciences attempts to expand and enlighten the human being's knowledge of his or her existence, its interrelationship with other species and systems, and the development of artifacts to perpetuate the human expression and thought. It is the study of human phenomena. The study of the human experience is historical and current in nature. It requires the evaluation and interpretation of the historic human experience and the analysis of current human activity to gain an understanding of human phenomena and to project the outlines of human evolution. Human science is the objective, informed critique of human existence and how it relates to reality.
On the benefits of a philosophy major « Pleas and Excuses My fantastic colleague, Ty Fagan, made this graphic from recent data coming from the Educational Testing Service. I thought it was worth a blog post, because students interested in a philosophy major often ask me whether they should do a double-major or minor in “something more practical.” Often, business is the major considered to be more practical.
UCB Rhetoric - UCB Rhetoric - Spring 2012 Understanding law as a matter of language requires attending to the ways that law hears and is heard. Exploring the hearing of law leads into issues of experience and temporality to which speech act "theory" gives short shrift. Such a turn reorients both current models of legal positivism and contemporary representations of impartial justice which overemphasize issues of blindness and sight. As the readings of this seminar show, the turn to hearing also allows one to negotiate the materiality of the human condition while taking history seriously.
Human nature The branches of contemporary science associated with the study of human nature include anthropology, sociology, sociobiology, and psychology, particularly evolutionary psychology, and developmental psychology. The "nature versus nurture" debate is a broadly inclusive and well-known instance of a discussion about human nature in the natural sciences. History The concept of nature as a standard by which to make judgments was a basic presupposition in Greek philosophy. Specifically, "almost all" classical philosophers accepted that a good human life is a life in accordance with nature. (Notions and concepts of human nature from China, Japan or India are not taken up in the present discussion.)
Predicting the unpredictable: critical analysis and practical implications of predictive anticipatory activity 1Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA2Dipartimento di Psicologia Generale, Universita di Padova, Padova, Italy3Department of Statistics, University of California at Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA4Samueli Institute, Alexandria, VA, USA5Consciousness Research Laboratory, Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma, CA, USA A recent meta-analysis of experiments from seven independent laboratories (n = 26) indicates that the human body can apparently detect randomly delivered stimuli occurring 1–10 s in the future (Mossbridge et al., 2012). The key observation in these studies is that human physiology appears to be able to distinguish between unpredictable dichotomous future stimuli, such as emotional vs. neutral images or sound vs. silence. This phenomenon has been called presentiment (as in “feeling the future”).
Law, Philosophy of Philosophy of law (or legal philosophy) is concerned with providing a general philosophical analysis of law and legal institutions. Issues in the field range from abstract conceptual questions about the nature of law and legal systems to normative questions about the relationship between law and morality and the justification for various legal institutions. Topics in legal philosophy tend to be more abstract than related topics in political philosophy and applied ethics. Nature versus nurture Scholarly and popular discussion about nature and nurture relates to the relative importance of an individual's innate qualities ("nature" in the sense of nativism or innatism) as compared to an individual's personal experiences ("nurture" in the sense of empiricism or behaviorism) in causing individual differences in physical and behavioral traits. The view that humans acquire all or almost all their behavioral traits from "nurture" was termed tabula rasa ("blank slate") by philosopher John Locke. The blank slate view proposes that humans develop only from environmental influences. This question was once considered to be an appropriate division of developmental influences, but since both types of factors are known to play interacting roles in development, most modern psychologists and other scholars of human development consider the question naive—representing an outdated state of knowledge. Scientific approach
The brain mechanism behind your inner voice Corollary discharge plays a central role in our motor system. It allows us to correct motor errors before we have committed them and it allows us to prevent confusion between self- and externally-caused sensory events. Dr Mark Scott How can we ‘hear’ ourselves speak even when we are not speaking aloud? Research published this month suggests that the same mechanism that means we cannot tickle ourselves is responsible…