Ancient Egyptian creation myths The sun rises over the circular mound of creation as goddesses pour out the primeval waters around it Ancient Egyptian creation myths are the ancient Egyptian accounts of the creation of the world. The Pyramid Texts, tomb wall decorations and writings, dating back to the Old Kingdom (2780 – 2250 B.C.E) have given us most of our information regarding early Egyptian creation myths. These myths also form the earliest religious compilations in the world. The ancient Egyptians had many creator gods and associated legends. Thus the world or more specifically Egypt was created in diverse ways according to different parts of the country. Common elements Another common element of Egyptian cosmogonies is the familiar figure of the cosmic egg, a substitute for the primeval waters or the primeval mound. Cosmogonies Hermopolis Heliopolis Memphis The Memphite version of creation centered on Ptah, who was the patron god of craftsmen. Thebes References
Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses Illustrated Descriptions and stories Egyptian Gods Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses For all ancient people, the world was filled with mystery. Demons Demons were more powerful than human beings but not as powerful as gods. Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses Most Egyptian gods represented one principle aspect of the world: Ra was the sun god, for example, and Nut was goddess of the sky. The physical form taken on by the various Egyptian gods was usually a combination of human and animal, and many were associated with one or more animal species. Many deities were represented only in human form. Nut, Shu and Geb Nut was the mother of Osiris, Isis, Seth, and Nephythys, Nut is usually shown in human form; her elongated body symbolizing the sky. Shu was the husband of Tefnut and the father of Nut and Geb. Shu’s function was to hold up the body of the goddess Nun and separate the sky from the earth. Geb was the father of Osiris, Isis, Seth, and Nephythys, and was a god without a cult. Amun Anubis Bastet Bes Hapi Hathor Horus Isis Khepre
Apep Development Ra was the solar deity, bringer of light, and thus the upholder of Ma'at. Apep was viewed as the greatest enemy of Ra, and thus was given the title Enemy of Ra. Also, comparable hostile snakes as enemies of the sun god existed under other names (in the Pyramid Texts and Coffin Texts) already before the name Apep occurred. The etymology of his name (ꜥꜣpp) is perhaps to be sought in some west-semitic language where a word root ꜣpp meaning 'to slither' existed. A verb root ꜥꜣpp does at any rate not exist elsewhere in Ancient Egyptian. Battles with Ra Set speared Apep The sun god Ra, in the form of Great Cat, slays the snake Apep Tales of Apep's battles against Ra were elaborated during the New Kingdom. Since everyone can see that the sun is not attacked by a giant snake during the day, every day, storytellers said that Apep must lie just below the horizon. In a bid to explain certain natural phenomena it was said that occasionally Apep got the upper hand.
Egypt Population 2019 (Demographics, Maps, Graphs) Egypt, known officially as the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country which spans the southwest corner of Asia and the northeast corner of Africa. This is made possible through a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Most of Egypt is located in North Africa. Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East. Egypt Area and Population Density Cairo alone, which is the capital city of Egypt, has a population of around 10.902 million people (according to estimations made in 2009). Largest Cities in Egypt After Nigeria and Ethiopia, Egypt is the most populated country on the African continent. Egypt Demographics Ethnic Egyptians account for 91% of the total population. The official language is Arabic, while other widely understood and spoken languages by the upper classes include English and French. Approximately 2.7 million Egyptians are found living abroad, as estimated by the International Organization for Migration. Egypt Population History
Ammit Ammit (/ˈæmɨt/; "devourer" or "soul-eater"; also spelled Ammut or Ahemait) was a female demon in ancient Egyptian religion with a body that was part lion, hippopotamus and crocodile—the three largest "man-eating" animals known to ancient Egyptians. A funerary deity, her titles included "Devourer of the Dead", "Eater of Hearts", and "Great of Death". Ammit lived near the scales of justice in Duat, the Egyptian underworld. In the Hall of Two Truths, Anubis weighed the heart of a person against the feather of Ma'at, the goddess of truth, which was depicted as an ostrich feather (the feather was often pictured in Ma'at's headdress). If the heart was judged to be not pure, Ammit would devour it, and the person undergoing judgement was not allowed to continue their voyage towards Osiris and immortality. Once Ammit swallowed the heart, the soul was believed to become restless forever; this was called "to die a second time". See also References
type-of-government-egypt-have What Type of Government Does Egypt Have? Egypt is a Northern Africa country bordering four other countries including the Gaza Strip, Israel, Libya, and Sudan. Egypt manages the Sinai Peninsula, the only land connecting Africa and the other parts of the Eastern Hemisphere. The Suez Canal which is a portion of the sea linking the Mediterranean Sea and the Indian Ocean is also controlled by Egypt. The country is formally known as the Arab Republic of Egypt and locally known as the Jumhuriyat Misr al-Arabiyah or just Misr. The country attained independence on February 28, 1922, from Britain as a protectorate. Executive Branch Of The Government Of Egypt The chief of state is the president who is voted by a majority vote (in a second round if the need arises) for a four-year office term and is entitled to a second term if re-elected. Legislature Of The Government Of Egypt Judicial Branch Of The Government Of Egypt The Constitution Of Egypt
Thoth Thoth played many vital and prominent roles in Egyptian mythology, such as maintaining the universe, and being one of the two deities (the other being Ma'at) who stood on either side of Ra's boat. In the later history of ancient Egypt, Thoth became heavily associated with the arbitration of godly disputes, the arts of magic, the system of writing, the development of science, and the judgment of the dead. Name Etymology The Egyptian pronunciation of ḏḥwty is not fully known, but may be reconstructed as *ḏiḥautī, based on the Ancient Greek borrowing Θώθ [tʰɔːtʰ] Thōth or Theut and the fact that it evolved into Sahidic Coptic variously as Thoout, Thōth, Thoot, Thaut as well as Bohairic Coptic Thōout. According to Theodor Hopfner, Thoth's Egyptian name written as ḏḥwty originated from ḏḥw, claimed to be the oldest known name for the Ibis although normally written as hbj. Further names and spellings Depictions Attributes Mythology History
The Ancient Egyptian Religion Making a Comeback in the Modern World Ancient Egypt exercises a powerful hold over modern imaginations, conjuring images of gilded pharaohs, towering pyramids, and stunning hieroglyphics. Historians and archaeologists have, over the past two centuries, unearthed countless lost treasures from beneath the Egyptian sands, and we now know much more than we did about this elusive and fascinating civilization. However, some enthusiasts have taken this fascination to an entirely new level. Since the 1980s, an increasing number of people, based in the United States, claim to be following the practices of ancient Egyptian religion. The two ancient Egytps symbolised by the crowns of lotus and papyrus flowers. Kemetism is the name given to modern groups that follow the religious beliefs and rituals associated with ancient Egypt. We know relatively little about the ways in which ancient Egyptians thought about and practiced their faith, but nevertheless, the contemporary version of this very old religion has blossomed in recent decades.
Sekhmet In Egyptian mythology, Sekhmet /ˈsɛkˌmɛt/ or Sachmis (/ˈsækmɨs/; also spelled Sakhmet, Sekhet, or Sakhet, among other spellings) was originally the warrior goddess as well as goddess of healing for Upper Egypt, when the kingdom of Egypt was divided. She is depicted as a lioness, the fiercest hunter known to the Egyptians. It was said that her breath formed the desert. Sekhmet also is a Solar deity, sometimes called the daughter of the sun god Ra and often associated with the goddesses Hathor and Bast. Etymology Sekhmet's name comes from the Ancient Egyptian word "sekhem" which means "power or might". History Bust of the Goddess Sakhmet, ca. 1390-1352 B.C.E. The warrior goddess Sekhmet, shown with her sun disk and cobra crown from a relief at the Temple of Kom Ombo. In order to placate Sekhmet's wrath, her priestesses performed a ritual before a different statue of the goddess on each day of the year. Festivals and evolution In popular culture See also
The Japanese Climate From subarctic Hokkaidō to subtropical Okinawa, Japan’s climate varies greatly by region. Snow in the North, Blossoms in the South When Hokkaidō in northern Japan is still buried in snow in January, cherry blossoms come into full bloom in the southern islands of Okinawa. Stretching like a bow off the east of the Eurasian continent, the Japanese archipelago shows great climatic variation within its approximately 3,000 kilometers of length from northeast to southwest. It consists of more than 6,800 islands—the four largest are Hokkaidō, Honshū, Shikoku, and Kyūshū—and has around 30,000 kilometers of coastline, which is longer than that for the United States. As the map below shows, Japan is divided into various climate zones from subarctic Hokkaidō to subtropical Okinawa. List created by Nippon.com editorial staff based on textbook data produced by Ninomiya Shoten. The Coming of Spring Getting Through Summer Summer (left) and winter (right) school uniforms. Tape for sealing out drafts.
Egyptian mythology Egyptian mythology is the collection of myths from ancient Egypt, which describe the actions of the Egyptian gods as a means of understanding the world. The beliefs that these myths express are an important part of ancient Egyptian religion. Myths appear frequently in Egyptian writings and art, particularly in short stories and in religious material such as hymns, ritual texts, funerary texts, and temple decoration. The details of these sacred events differ greatly from one text to another and often seem contradictory. Mythology profoundly influenced Egyptian culture. Origins The development of Egyptian myth is difficult to trace. Another possible source for mythology is ritual. In private rituals, which are often called "magical", the myth and the ritual are particularly closely tied. Much of Egyptian mythology consists of origin myths, explaining the beginnings of various elements of the world, including human institutions and natural phenomena. Definition and scope
Egypt - Religion The official language of Egypt is Arabic, and most Egyptians speak one of several vernacular dialects of that language. As is the case in other Arab countries, the spoken vernacular differs greatly from the literary language. Modern literary Arabic (often called Modern Standard Arabic or al-fuṣḥā, “clear” Arabic), which developed out of Classical, or medieval, Arabic, is learned only in school and is the lingua franca of educated persons throughout the Arab world. The grammar and syntax of the literary form of the language have remained substantially unchanged since the 7th century, but in other ways it has transformed in recent centuries. The modern forms of style, word sequence, and phraseology are simpler and more flexible than in Classical Arabic and are often directly derivative of English or French. There are also other minor linguistic groups. Islam is the official religion of Egypt, and nearly all Egyptian Muslims adhere to its Sunni branch.
Eye of Horus The Wedjat, later called The Eye of Horus The Eye of Horus is an ancient Egyptian symbol of protection, royal power and good health. The eye is personified in the goddess Wadjet (also written as Wedjat, or "Udjat", Uadjet, Wedjoyet, Edjo or Uto). It is also known as ''The Eye of Ra''. Funerary amulets were often made in the shape of the Eye of Horus. The Wadjet or Eye of Horus is "the central element" of seven "gold, faience, carnelian and lapis lazuli" bracelets found on the mummy of Shoshenq II. The Wedjat "was intended to protect the pharaoh [here] in the afterlife" and to ward off evil. Horus Horus was the ancient Egyptian sky god who was usually depicted as a falcon, most likely a lanner or peregrine falcon. His right eye was associated with the sun god, Ra. The eye as hieroglyph and symbol Mathematics Arithmetic values represented by parts of the Eye of Horus Fractions drawn as portions of a square. The right side of the eye = 1/2
The Languages spoken in Japan Japan, often referred to as the State of Japan, is an island nation in the Eastern portion of the Asian continental waters. Located in the expansive Pacific Ocean, the country is situated to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. The Japanese characters that make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin", which is why Japan is often referred to as the "Land of the Rising Sun. Japan is an archipelago consisting of 6,852 islands. The four largest of these islands, Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku, comprise about ninety-seven percent of Japan's total land area. Japan is home to the world's tenth-largest population, with over 126 million permanent inhabitants. The Jaywalk, SourceConsidered one of the world’s major economical powers, Japan has the world's third-largest economy by nominal GDP and the world's fourth-largest economy by purchasing power parity.