What is a Bowden extruder? | Start 3D PrintingStart 3D Printing One of the challenges when getting started with 3D printing is learning the terminology. Depending on your background, the various mechanical and project names may be complete gibberish. Fortunately, most of the ideas are pretty simple when you take a step back. For example, let’s look at the Bowden Extruder. In its simplest form, when someone refers to a Bowden-style extruder, what they mean is that there’s a flexible tube guiding the filament from the extruding motor (cold-end) to the nozzle (hot-end.) In fact, you can convert a “traditional”, direct extruder into a Bowden extruder by separating these two parts and running a tube (generally made of teflon) between them. The Direct Extruder The direct extruder is more common, and it’s easier to explain the Bowden variant in terms of its differences. (Source: RepRap.org wiki) The diagram above illustrates the workings of a typical, DIY extruder. (Image source: flickr.com/photos/jabella/8965234122/) The Bowden Extruder Why go Bowden?
CAM Toolchains Java development THIS page is an extremely rough draft. You can help us improve it. This page has been flagged as containing duplicate material that Firmware/Alternative also attempts to cover.These pages should be merged such that both pages do not attempt to cover the duplicate topics. The software used for RepRap can be divided into two categories: CAD (Computer Aided Design) and CAM (Computer Aided Manufacturing). A hypothetical software toolchain process for a new design would be: Design a new 3D model in a CAD package (ex: OpenSCAD, FreeCAD, ProEngineer, SolidWorks) Export the design's geometry to a .stl file Generate motion paths & extruder commands in GCODE format by means of a "slicing" program (ex: skeinforge, repsnapper, SFACT) Use a host software package to communicate the GCODE to the printer (ex: printrun, repsnapper, replicatorG, Repetier-Host) The firmware installed on your printer determines how the printer controller reacts to the GCODE you send it. G-code, Etc.
Improved Analog & Digital Interface with Arduino « Analog inputs with Arduino and EMC | Newest entries | Generating HAL files from Eagle schematics » Building on my earlier work , I've now improved the interface between HAL and the Arduino board to have: 6 10-bit analog inputs 6 8-bit PWM "analog" outputs 6 digital inputs/outputs (partition chosen when component is loaded) GPL license statement in source files As before, the driver consists of an Arduino Sketch ( halintf.pde ) and a HAL Userspace Component written in Python ( arduino.py ). First, load the sketch (firmware source code file) in the Arduino GUI, compile it, and transfer it to the board. Now, if you don't already have it installed, install using apt-get or Synaptic Package Manager. Next, copy arduino.py to the name (no extension) in a directory on your PATH. To demo it, in the sample hal script , change the line to reflect the serial port where the arduino is connected. Silkscreen Text (Diecimila board) HAL pin name arduino.analog-in- arduino.digital-out- or arduino-digital-in-
Skeinforge - DEMOZENDIUM From DEMOZENDIUM Skeinforge is a tool chain composed of Python scripts that converts your 3D model into G-Code instructions for RepRap. Updating Skeinforge manual Skeinforge Manual Update advice from Enrique for updating pages and setting up a new structure. Tutorials Allan Ecker aka The Masked Retriever BotHacker Keep it Cool! C Blair 3D Model to G-Code File for Rapman Cliff Biffle, Nick Ames & Rick Pollack Compendium of calibration information: How to Calibrate and Tune Skeinforge for your MakerBot Daniel K. Skeinforge for RapMan Dave Durant Keith Fixing CupCake Build Problems Marius Kintel Explanation of setting the important Skeinforge parameters, extrusion width and layer thickness: reprap.org - Skeinforge Width Thickness Tutorial Nick Ames Skeinforge Tutorial: wiki.makerbot.com - Configuring Skeinforge Rapmanist How to Generate Gcode with Skeinforge video. Tony Thanks With thanks to all the above and Enrique who has a Blog for discussion of all things related to Skeinforge: Fabmetheus Blog What Overview
Prusa Mendel Assembly Prusa Mendel Documentation Before assembling a Prusa Mendel, make sure you have all the parts necessary. For the bill of materials, see Prusa Mendel. For the visually oriented, have a look at this photo gallery of an ongoing Prusa Mendel build. You may also want to watch the complete video series for assembling a Prusa 2 How_to_build_Prusa_2. Notes: Heating the flat side of a bushing with a hair dryer or heat gun before snapping onto the smooth bar can keep it from snapping. Frame Triangles This step takes about 15 minutes per triangle, for a total of 30 minutes. There is a triangle on each side of the Prusa RepRap. Parts Required (per triangle) 2 RP footed frame vertices 1 RP frame vertex (non-footed) 1 RP bar clamp 3 370mm M8 threaded rods 14 M8 nuts 14 M8 washers (Optional but recommended) A piece of threaded rod or wood or any other material with precisely 290mm length. Front Threaded Rods This step takes about 30 minutes. Parts Required 2 assembled frame vertex triangles 2 RP bar clamps
ELM - DC Servomotor Controller This is an experiment on the closed loop DC servomotor control system (SMC). It will able to be used for practical use with/without some modifications. The closed loop servo mechanism requires real-time servo operations, such as position control, velocity control and torque control. Recently, most servo systems are using brushless motors called "AC servo motor" to reduce maintanance cost. Hardware Figure 1. Figure 2. Figure 1 shows the block diagram for SMC. Figure 2 shows the circuit diagram for SMC. JP1 is an ISP connector to program the AVR, and it can also used to attach an LED display board. Figure 3 shows the built servo controller board. Software Figure 4. Figure 4 shows the theory on the positioning servo mechanism. The servo operator consists of error amplifires and PID filters. The single loop servo control shown in figure 4 is called "Conventional servo mechanism". Figure 5. Figure 5 shows the servo operation for SMC. Position capture Figure 6. Internal processes for SMC
Prusa Nozzle MKII Regarding the E3D and thermal analysis of CAD - I've done a fair bit of this stuff a long time ago outside of the scope of 3D printing, and I did run plenty of analysis in the design/verification stages. However I am also aware of when these types of techniques fail to produce useful results - this is very much one of them. The real design, analysis and calculation were done on a whiteboard with little more than fouriers thermal transfer equations, a bit of thermal resistance calculation and a hell of a lot of empirical analysis. Let us also bear in mind that the conditions we print in vary hugely, with print temperature ranging from 170C to 300C, and the temperature of the air we're pulling over the heatsink can be from 15C to over 75C in some cases. The large heatsink with active cooling has only a small amount of heat flowing into it, which is rapidly removed by the fan. TL;DR Simulation is nice, reality is more reliable. I Design/Sell all-metal hotends.
BIOS beep codes. I see many users to confused on BIOS beep codes, so ill create a new topic with them (i search the forum for a topic like this but i didn't find anything, but if this topic exists just delete mine.) AWARD BIOS:1 short - System boot successfull2 short - CMOS setting error1 long 1 short - DRAM or M/B error1 long 2 short - Monitor or display card error1 long 3 short - Keyboard error1 long 9 short - BIOS ROM error*repeated beeps - DRAM error*repeated short beeps - Power error*Repeated high & low beeps - Processor is damaged/Overheated
Capacitance Measurer v1.0 Question: is measurer a real word? - google doesn't think so. I, like many people I'm sure, find certain capacitor markings a little cryptic. So, with the help of my Arduino Decimilla, I set about building a device to measure the capacitance of a selected capacitor. First, a little of the theory behind its operation: Capacitors charge and discharge at certain 'speeds' based on the series resistance and its total capacitance. Example:100uF capacitor in series with a 10K resistor will take 1 second to reach 63.2% of full charge, then another 1 second to charge up to 63.2% of the remaining capacitance and so on... With this knowledge, I may be able to time how long it took for the capacitor to reach 63.2% charge, or, since they are proportional, 63.2% of the arduino's voltage level. Here is the schematic I have produced for my circuit: NOTE: Sorry, I've just noticed I missed out 3 of the PWM pins on the Arduino. The switch 'S1' is used to start the measurement. Now, here's the code: Chris P.S.