Illuminated Manuscripts from Europe Type Manuscripts Date Around 1200 - 1300 This manuscript consists of a catalog of constellations with many illustrations in red, purple, and beige. The model for this 800-year-old codex might have been a manuscript at the Cistercian Monastery of Zwettl (Codex 296), in which the illustrations of the constellations are similar but are probably even earlier. 1901 to World War II Lesson Plan on Migration - Lesson Plans from Movies and Film - Nomadism - Dormancy - Science This lesson plan can be used for all or some of the following purposes: (1) introduce students to migration, nomadism, and dormancy, important methods used by living organisms to adapt to their environment; (2) acquaint students with many of the concepts biologists use to describe those behaviors; (3) work with the vocabulary and explore the derivation of some technical terms used to describe migration, nomadism and dormancy; (4) confirm the use of the taxonomy for animal species; (5) discuss the use of ultralight aircraft to reestablish lost migration patterns among birds; and (6) provide an example of the process by which government can act through NEPA (the National Environmental Policy Act). Time: Five to seven 55 minute class periods. Curriculum Standards for the Eleven Most Populous States: Click here. Materials: (Microsoft® Word® versions of the materials marked with an asterisk are provided so that teachers can modify them to suit the needs of their classes.)
TIMELINE: Chinese Books, Manuscripts, Maps, and Prints The Xiping Stone Classics These engravings of the seven Confucian classics were set up outside the National University Gate, located on the south side of Loyang, the capital city, in the Eastern Han dynasty. They were created between 175 and 183, after Cai Yong and a group of scholars successfully petitioned the emperor to have the Confucian classics carved in stone in order to prevent their being altered to support particular points of view. They are also called the “Han Stone Classics” and the “Single-Script Stone Classics." The seven classics -- The Book of Changes, The Book of Documents, The Book of Poetry, The Rites, The Spring and Autumn Annals, The Gongyang Tradition, and The Analects – were copied and engraved in the standard clerical script of the Han period.
ancient maps home page Down to: 6th to 15th Centuries | 16th and 19th Centuries | 1901 to World War Two | 1946 to 21st Century The Ancient World ... index of places Aegean Region, to 300 BCE Aegean Region, 185 BCE Africa, 2500 to 1500 BCE Africa to 500 CE African Language Families Alexander in the East (334 to 323 BCE) Ashoka, Empire of (269 to 232 BCE) Athenian Empire (431 BCE) China, Korea and Japan (1st to 5th century CE) China's Warring States (245 to 235 BCE) Cyrus II, Empire of (559 to 530 BCE) Delian League, 431 BCE Egyptian and Hittite Empires, 1279 BCE Europe Fertile Crescent, 9000-4500 BCE Germania (120 CE) Greece (600s to 400s BCE) Gupta Empire (320 to 550 CE) Han China, circa 100 BCE Hellespont (Battle of Granicus River, 334 BCE) India to 500 BCE Israel and Judah to 733 BCE Italy and Sicily (400 to 200 BCE) Judea, Galilee, Idumea (1st Century BCE) Mesopotamia to 2500 BCE Mesoamerica and the Maya (250 to 500 CE) Oceania Power divisions across Eurasia, 301 BCE Roman Empire, CE 12 Roman Empire, CE 150 Roman Empire, CE 500
Welcome - The Flow of History TIMELINE: World History First date on the Maya calendar Only four Mayan manuscripts still exist worldwide, of which the oldest and best preserved is the Dresden Codex, held in the collections of the Saxon State and University Library. The manuscript was purchased for the Dresden court library in 1739 in Vienna, as a “Mexican book.” In 1853 it was identified as a Mayan manuscript. Consisting of 39 leaves, inscribed on both sides, and approximately 358 centimeters long, the manuscript originally was folded in an accordion-like manner. The chalk-coated writing material, amatl, is a paper-like matter produced from fig-tree fiber by means of soaking and beating.
Human cycles: History as science Sometimes, history really does seem to repeat itself. After the US Civil War, for example, a wave of urban violence fuelled by ethnic and class resentment swept across the country, peaking in about 1870. Internal strife spiked again in around 1920, when race riots, workers' strikes and a surge of anti-Communist feeling led many people to think that revolution was imminent. And in around 1970, unrest crested once more, with violent student demonstrations, political assassinations, riots and terrorism (see 'Cycles of violence'). To Peter Turchin, who studies population dynamics at the University of Connecticut in Storrs, the appearance of three peaks of political instability at roughly 50-year intervals is not a coincidence. Cliodynamics is viewed with deep scepticism by most academic historians, who tend to see history as a complex stew of chance, individual foibles and one-of-a-kind situations that no broad-brush 'science of history' will ever capture. From ecology to history
Xpeditions @ nationalgeographic.com Xpeditions is now archived in National Geographic Education's new website—natgeoed.org If you liked Xpeditions, you'll love the new media-rich natgeoed.org. Explore the new site now for activities, maps, interactives, videos, homework help, and more! www.natgeoed.org Please note: to search for Xpeditions content, check the “include archive” filter. Nat Geo Education Blog Sarah Lavezzo: Peacebuilding Toolkit 2015-02-10, 04:02 pmSarah Lavezzo, this week’s Educator of the Week, is an enrichment teacher for grades 1-5 at an eleWhere There’s Smoke, There’s . . . Most Popular Giant Traveling Maps Get great resources for introducing geography and map-reading skills to students in Grades K-8.
MAP: Imperial Russia By the middle of the 19th century, the Russian Empire comprised more than 15 percent of the Earth’s land mass spanning parts of three continents, Europe, Asia, and North America. The population of the empire included not only Russians, but also Ukrainians, Belarusians, Finns, Poles, Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Tatars, Uzbeks, Kazakhs, Germans, and many other ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups. Russians were proud of the empire and used various means to celebrate its scale and diversity. Presented here are two sets of cards, circa 1800-33 and 1856, in which each card corresponds to a particular province or other administrative subdivision of the empire.
Eshnunna Coordinates: 33°29′3″N 44°43′42″E / 33.48417°N 44.72833°E / 33.48417; 44.72833 Eshnunna (modern Tell Asmar in Diyala Province, Iraq) was an ancient Sumerian (and later Akkadian) city and city-state in central Mesopotamia. Although situated in the Diyala Valley north-east of Sumer proper, the city nonetheless belonged securely within the Sumerian cultural milieu. The tutelary deity of the city was Tishpak (Tišpak). History Occupied from the Jemdet Nasr period about 3000 BC, Eshnunna was a major city during the Early Dynastic period. After rising to prominence as an independent state in the early second millennium, during the time of Shamshi-Adad, Eshnunna was occupied by Elam, then conquered by Hammurabi of Babylon in the 38th year of his reign, and absorbed within the Old Babylonian Empire (sometimes called the First Babylonian Dynasty). Archaeology In the late 1990s, Iraqi archaeologists worked at Tell Asmar. Laws of Eshnunna Square Temple of Abu Notes