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Second lowest minimum for Arctic ice. Image copyright PETER J.

Second lowest minimum for Arctic ice

RAYMOND/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY Arctic ice cover in 2016 reached the second lowest minimum on record, tied with 2007. The sea-ice extent on 10 September stood at 4.14 million sq km, some way short of the 3.39 million sq km record low in 2012. Arctic sea-ice cover grows each autumn and winter, and shrinks each spring and summer. Highest September temperature since 1949 as 32.2C recorded. Image copyright PA The UK's hottest day of the year so far - and the warmest September day since 1911 - has been recorded in Gravesend, Kent, where it reached 34.4C (93.9F).

Highest September temperature since 1949 as 32.2C recorded

The spell of warm Autumn weather is forecast to continue across parts of England until Friday. Climate Change Will Make UK Coastline More Dangerous, Expert Says. The UK's coastlines will become even more dangerous because of climate change, an expert has told Sky News.

Climate Change Will Make UK Coastline More Dangerous, Expert Says

Two more people died today on Britain's shores - a man scuba diving in Cornwall and a 17-year-old boy in the waters near Sunderland. Last week, five young men were drowned at Camber Sands. The weekend before, seven people died in different parts of waters around the UK. Rip currents - fast moving, narrow channels of water that can drag swimmers out to sea - are not becoming more frequent or more vicious. But our changing climate is making them more unpredictable, according to Dr Simon Boxall, an oceanographer at the University of Southampton. Video: How To Survive A Rip Tide Dr Boxall told Sky News: "Climate change means not just more winter storms, but more summer storms as well, so you have an ever moving topography. "Rip currents need an escape and so they work on the topography of the sea floor. Global warming slowdown 'could last another decade'

21 August 2014Last updated at 14:45 ET By Matt McGrath Environment correspondent, BBC News Currents in the Atlantic could be responsible for a slowdown in temperature rises.

Global warming slowdown 'could last another decade'

Climate change to boost summer flash floods, says study. 1 June 2014Last updated at 13:00 ET By Matt McGrath Environment correspondent, BBC News Flash flooding struck the north Cornwall village of Boscastle in the summer of 2004 Global warming will lead to a significant increase in extreme summer downpours in the UK, a study suggests.

Climate change to boost summer flash floods, says study

The Met Office and Newcastle University researchers say there could be five times the number of "extreme rainfall events" per hour, under extreme warming projections. This would cause "really severe" flash flooding in many parts of the UK, according to the scientists. However, they caution that this result is based on only one computer model. Wavier jet stream 'may drive weather shift' 15 February 2014Last updated at 14:32 ET By Pallab Ghosh Science correspondent, BBC News, Chicago Pallab Ghosh: "We may have to get used to winters where spells of weather go on for weeks - or even months" The main system that helps determine the weather over Northern Europe and North America may be changing, research suggests.

Wavier jet stream 'may drive weather shift'

The study shows that the so-called jet stream has increasingly taken a longer, meandering path. Floods: Environment Agency in dredging row. 27 January 2014Last updated at 11:15 ET Environment Secretary Owen Paterson: "It appears that we need to dredge these two rivers" Environment Secretary Owen Paterson has been confronted by angry residents in an area badly hit by flooding.

Floods: Environment Agency in dredging row

Farmers and MPs in the Somerset Levels have accused the government and the Environment Agency of failing to take action by dredging the rivers. The agency has said increased dredging would not have prevented recent flooding. Mr Paterson promised an action plan would be drawn up to provide a long-term solution. Are ideas to cool the planet realistic? 20 September 2013Last updated at 10:05 ET By Melissa Hogenboom Science reporter, BBC News The potential risks of attempting to control the Earth's climate are not yet fully understood The deliberate large-scale manipulation of the Earth's environment, called geoengineering, could be one way to cool the Earth or help reduce levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

Are ideas to cool the planet realistic?

But scientists are aware that these technologies are in very early stages of development and remain untested on a global scale. Five-fold rise seen in UK landslides. 12 September 2013Last updated at 09:19 ET By Simon Redfern Reporter, BBC News, Newcastle The direct and indirect economic costs of last year's landslides are as yet un-quantified Over the last 14 months there has been a five-fold increase in reported landslides in the UK, scientists say.

Five-fold rise seen in UK landslides

The British Geological Survey (BGS) has over 16,000 records of landscapes, used to compare variations over time. In one month alone - December 2012 - there were 75 UK landslides, compared with a typical annual average of 60. DNA study suggests hunting did not kill off mammoth. 10 September 2013Last updated at 21:30 ET By Pallab Ghosh Science correspondent, BBC News The traditional view of the woolly mammoth as a hardy, abundant species will have to change Researchers have found evidence to suggest that climate change, rather than humans, was the main factor that drove the woolly mammoth to extinction.

DNA study suggests hunting did not kill off mammoth

A DNA analysis shows that the number of creatures began to decrease much earlier than previously thought as the world's climate changed. It also shows that there was a distinct population of mammoth in Europe that died out around 30,000 years ago. Climate change 'driving spread of crop pests' 1 September 2013Last updated at 21:10 ET By Rebecca Morelle Science reporter, BBC World Service The team looked at more than 600 pests, including the Colorado potato beetle Climate change is helping pests and diseases that attack crops to spread around the world, a study suggests. Researchers from the universities of Exeter and Oxford have found crop pests are moving at an average of two miles (3km) a year.

The team said they were heading towards the north and south poles, and were establishing in areas that were once too cold for them to live in. The research is published in the journal Nature Climate Change. Currently, it is estimated that between 10% and 16% of the world's crops are lost to disease outbreaks. Alaska's disappearing ice. Why has global warming stalled? 22 July 2013Last updated at 17:15 GMT Solar energy is absorbed by the oceans With Britain's heatwave reaching a peak, there could be no better moment to talk about why global warming has slowed to a standstill. It reminds me of reporting on a drought a few years ago: while filming interviews with people about the impact, the heavens opened and rainwater was soon flowing down my neck. Antarctic's Pine Island glacier produces giant iceberg. 10 July 2013Last updated at 06:51 ET By Jonathan Amos Science correspondent, BBC News A crack has opened across the full width of the PIG ice shelf, spawning a new berg.

Obama lays out climate action plan. 25 June 2013Last updated at 18:49 ET By Paul Rincon Science editor, BBC News website President Obama said he would use his executive powers to enforce the new rules on reduction of greenhouse gas emissions US President Barack Obama has laid out a package of measures aimed at curbing climate change, including limits on emissions from power plants. Central Europe on alert for flooding. 2 June 2013 Last updated at 14:13 ET High water levels have been reported in several countries in central Europe Homes have been evacuated across southern Germany, the Czech Republic, Austria and Switzerland as rivers reach dangerously high levels. The Czech capital Prague is on high alert as a swell of floodwater moves in from the south. Both Germany and Austria are deploying their armies to help emergency services. A man was killed by a landslide near Salzburg in Austria and two people have died in the Czech Republic.

The Czech government has declared a nationwide state of emergency. The Czech deaths came after floodwaters destroyed flimsy country cottages. Climate slowdown means extreme rates of warming 'not as likely' Climate change shifts migrating birds' wintering ground. Scientists call for action to tackle CO2 levels.