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Nelson Mandela La jeunesse – Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory. HIST 359 Homepage. Why 'Brain Drain' Can Actually Benefit African Countries. Survey the world’s campaigns to alleviate poverty and improve people’s lives, and a common thread emerges: People in wealthy countries feel it’s important that people in poor countries stay at home.

Why 'Brain Drain' Can Actually Benefit African Countries

Development organizations in Africa, in particular, receive billions of dollars each year to oversee (often well-meaning and occasionally successful) programs designed to make “life at home” better for Africans—whether through running farms in Rwanda, educating teens in Tanzania, or supporting whole Millennium Villages (at a cost of $12,000 per household). One could go further and argue that if Africans in one particular state or region migrate or want to migrate, then development in that area hasn’t worked. But a fascinating new paper from the World Bank turns this logic on its head.

“Does Migration Foster Exports?­” Has a title with an unnecessary question mark. NMNH African Voices: History. "Unless you know the road you've come down, you cannot know where you are going.

NMNH African Voices: History

" Temne proverb, Sierra Leone Follow the timeline as it guides you through the millenia of Africa's history. Your journey begins with the origins of humankind and ends with current challenges. Learn how Africans have developed cities and empires, philosophies and religions, technology and trade. Like all people tackling life's challenges, Africans have met with failure and success, tragedy and triumph. 5 Million Years Ago Humans Arise in Africa. Council On Archaeological Studies At Yale University. The origins of urbanism in the Middle Niger floodplain of Mali is a continuing research focus, since the 1970s, of Rod McIntosh.

Council On Archaeological Studies At Yale University

Excavation has expanded from the deepest Middle Niger basins — at Jenne-jeno, at present-day Jenne, and Dia — to the desertified “dead delta” of the Méma. Large “tells”, often in clusters, characterize mid- to late-first Millennium BCE urbanism in these regions, with Late Stone Age (LSA) (mid-first millennium BCE?) Deposits at the base of mounds in the Méma. Recent Ph.D. (2011) Doug Park has discovered clustered urban sites on the banks of the palaeochannel Wadi El-Ahmar near Timbuktu (northern Middle Niger). Related sites line this palaeochannel as it penetrates far north into the Saharan dunes. Middle Senegal Valley (MSV). Africa Info last 20,000 years. Africa Info It is useful to understand how African environments seem to have changed during the last 20,000 years when looking at the evidence for food production on the continent.

Africa Info last 20,000 years

TRIP DOWN MEMORY LANE: TOPNAAR PEOPLE: THE NAMA-KHOIKHOI PEOPLE ON THE TOP FAMOUSLY KNOWN FOR THEIR !NARA MELON. The Topnaar people are nomadic, cattle-herders and aboriginal Khoikhoi-speaking ethnic group belonging to the Nama, who for their part, also belong to the larger Khoi-Khoi (Hottentots) ethnic group.


Topnaar live in the Central Namid in the lower Kuiseb valley along Kuiseb river in the area around the Walvis Bay in the Erongo Region of Namibia. Topnaar community on the Kuiseb River. The Khoi-Khoi were called Hottentots by the first European colonizers, probably because of their language Nama, a "click" language. The four clicks used in Nama are I a "dental click", il a "lateral click", ! A "palatal click" and =t= a "alveolar click". Tribal hunt in Tanzania, Africa (Hadzabi tribe) Baka People: Facing changes in African forests. Hunter gatherers - Tribe - BBC. Why is Africa Poor. The long term effects. The spirituality of Africa. One of Jacob Olupona’s earliest memories in Massachusetts is of nearly freezing in his apartment as a graduate student at Boston University during the great snowstorm of 1978.

The spirituality of Africa

“I had it. I told my father that I was coming home,” he recalled. But after braving that first blizzard in a land far from his native Nigeria, Olupona stuck it out and earned his Ph.D. Precolonial African Religion — Living While Black: Themes in African American Thought and Experience. Spread of Christianity in AfricaClick image for larger viewSource Spread of Islam in AfricaClick image for larger viewSource Precolonial African religions shared the following basic characteristics.

Precolonial African Religion — Living While Black: Themes in African American Thought and Experience

Religion was all-encompassing; precolonial Africans integrated religion into all aspects of life. Religions saw the supernatural involved in everything animate and inanimate. Religions allowed worship of numerous deities, from the lesser gods and goddesses to the Supreme Being. Medieval Sourcebook: Gibbon: The Fall of the Roman Empire. Africana Age. Africana Age. Implications of research on neglected dimensions of ancient world history. Jesse Benjamin (*) Journal of Asian and African Studies, Nov 2001 v36 i4 p361(22) Full Text: COPYRIGHT 2001 E.J.

Implications of research on neglected dimensions of ancient world history

Brill The exploration of relations between the Nubians and the Nabateans opens new possibilities concerning the historical and historiographic linkages between ancient East Africa and the ancient Middle East. In large part, such an analysis speaks to the re-mapping of Ancient World relations and the role of anti-colonial historiography in the execution of such a task. Anti-colonial historiography has challenged the presuppositions of the modern political construction of these regions and their interaction. I. In this essay, I revisit historical analyses of ancient "East Africa" and the ancient "Middle East," roughly in the years between 500 B.C.E. and 500 C.E.

Historical questions regarding this region usually revolve around the opposed terms: "East Africa" and "the Middle East. " The Growth of Pan-African Nationalism 1900-1919. Ras Mekonnen Wolde Michael, the Cousin of Emperor Menelik II, Father of Emperor Haile Sellasie I, the Governor of Harrar Province and De-Facto Foreign Minister of Ethiopia visited several Imperial European Countries in the early 1900’s was the Leading Commander at the Battle of Adwa in 1896 .In the picture, seated in the middle with two British Dignitaries in the 1902 Coronation of King Edward VII -Picture courtesy of Fesesha Dawit , grandson of Kentiba Gebru ( who is standing at the right side of the picture) THE GROWTH OF PAN-AFRICAN NATIONALISM 1900-1919 K.

The Growth of Pan-African Nationalism 1900-1919

WESLEY ALFORD, Ph.D. Axum overview: ABC-clio. Nubia: ABC-clio. Modern slavery: Special Reports. Exploring Africa. The Exploring Africa!

Exploring Africa

Curriculum is divided into units, modules, and learning activities. Each unit covers a major topic or theme in the study of Africa, which is then divided into thematic, disciplinary, regional, or country modules. Each module is comprised of learning activities, which are each aligned to the Common Core State Standards. The learning activities in each module vary in length of time needed for completion.

Both students and teachers should feel free to navigate through the units, modules, and learning activities autonomously, or communally with a class, study partner, or teacher. For students, Exploring Africa! For teachers, we offer an Exploring Africa Lesson Plans digital booklet in our store if you want to bring Exploring Africa! To use the Activity Journal, you will need to have a username and password to login and comment on posts. African Timelines - Table of Contents.

African Timelines - Table of Contents COCC Home > Cora Agatucci Home > Classes > HUM 211 Home > African Timelines Who Should Tell the Story of Africa? "It is to correct [Western] misrepresentations and restore the true value and place of Negro culture and achievement in the sum total of human progress that makes the study of African history today a double necessity for both Africans and non-Africans.

" --K.B.C. Onwubiko from "The Importance of African History Today," History of West Africa, A D 1000-1800 (1967. Nigeria: Africana-FEP Publishers Limited, 1985). The Story of Africa. Rock Art in Africa - Trust for African Rock Art. Kofi Annan "Africa's rock art is the common heritage of all Africans and all people. It is the common heritage of humanity. As populations increase and vandalism and theft of Africa's rock art are on the rise, this irreplaceable resource is highly threatened. It is time for Africa's leaders to take a new and more active role. We must save this cultural heritage before it is too late".

Kofi Annan Former UN Secretary-General(2005) Defining and Studying the Modern African Diaspora. The AHA's 1999 annual meeting will have as its theme "Diasporas and Migrations in History. "1 This has been welcomed by those whose scholarly interest and research focus on what has come to be called the African diaspora. As a field of study, the African diaspora has gathered momentum in recent times.

This is reflected in the proliferating conferences, courses, PhD programs, faculty positions, book prizes, and the number of scholars who define themselves as specialists. Kingdoms » African Studies Center. A ‘green’ Sahara was far less dusty than today: History of the non-desert Sahara. As recently as 5,000 years ago, the Sahara — today a vast desert in northern Africa, spanning more than 3.5 million square miles — was a verdant landscape, with sprawling vegetation and numerous lakes. Ancient cave paintings in the region depict hippos in watering holes, and roving herds of elephants and giraffes — a vibrant contrast with today’s barren, inhospitable terrain.

The Sahara’s “green” era, known as the African Humid Period, likely lasted from 11,000 to 5,000 years ago, and is thought to have ended abruptly, with the region drying back into desert within a span of one to two centuries. Now researchers at MIT, Columbia University and elsewhere have found that this abrupt climate change occurred nearly simultaneously across North Africa.

8 Maps That Will Change the Way You Look at Africa: Thematic maps of modern Africa. East Africa Historiography. The Khoisan Once Were Kings Of The Planet. What Happened? : Goats and Soda. Ted Ed. The Atlantic slave trade: What too few textbooks told you - Anthony Hazard. The Atlantic slave trade sent slaves to various locations in the world. What effect did this forced migration have on these areas? Visit the Mariner’s Museum Captive Passage website. Twelve Disciples of Nelson Mandela. Twelve Disciples of Nelson Mandela. World History Connected Africa edition. Africa basic geography quiz. Sucking Dry an African Giant. Lake Chad has literally gone from being an oasis in the desert, to being just desert. Lake Chad: almost gone - Vital Water Graphics: Solid maps to accompany article. Africa Renewal Online: One plan to replenish Lake Chad. Passengers in Nigeria taking ferries to cross Lake Chad, whose shoreline is receding because the lake is drying up.

Photograph: Panos / Jacob Silberberg. Earthshots: Satellite Images of Environmental Change. The River Nile Facts. Egypt: The Nile: Then and Now. 1:50 video clip on the Nile. Niger River: Worst polluted, petroleum. The African Urban Past. Slavery and Remembrance: Comprehensive slavery resource. Ancient Egypt - Menu page. 60 Seconds of Life on the Congo River. Wonders of the African World. African Participation and Resistance to the Slave Trade · African Passages, Lowcountry Adaptations. Map of West Africa, created by Johann Baptist Homann, 1743. With some early exceptions, Europeans were not able to independently enter the West and Central African interior to capture Africans and force them onto ships to the Americas.

Instead, European traders generally relied on a network of African rulers and traders to capture and bring enslaved Africans from various coastal and interior regions to slave castles on the West and Central African coast. Many of these traders acquired captives as a result of military and political conflict, but some also pursued slave trading for profit. Scholars provide various explanations for why African traders were willing to supply enslaved Mossi horsemen, created by J.W. Africans to Europeans for the trans-Atlantic trade. Manillas from Nigeria, commonly used as currency in West Africa during the trans-Atlantic slave trade, particularly by European traders on the coast purchasing enslaved people from African traders.

"Death of Capt. Slavery overview: Digital History. French primary source justifying imperialism. Ferry was twice prime minister of France, from [1880-1881, 1883-1885]. ARI Counterpoint AfricaContributionFirstWorldWar Download. ColonialTroopsWWl. Video, watch 5:00-end. Promises unfulfilled for African soldiers in WWII. The Africans who fought in WWII. Jagama Kello, middle, left home at just 15 to fight Italian invaders. Conference resolution for All-African People's Conference. The Growth of Pan-African Nationalism 1900-1919. Timbuktu's 'Badass Librarians': Checking Out Books Under Al-Qaida's Nose. Timbuktu, Wahhabism, Islam, libraries. African Laborers for a New Empire: Iberia, Slavery, and the New World.