Africa Map / Map of Africa - Facts, Geography, History of Africa
print this map >>> LARGER (printable) AFRICA MAP As for Africa, scientists have formerly concluded that it is the birthplace of mankind, as large numbers of human-like fossils (discovered no where else) were found on the continent, some dating back 3.5 million years. About 1.75 million years ago, early man spread throughout parts of Africa. The Neanderthals arose some 200,000 years ago and inhabited regions in northern Africa and across parts of southern Europe. One of the most important developments of primitive man was the creation of stone tools. In 3200 BC the Egyptian culture emerged along the lower reaches of the Nile River; it was among the earliest civilizations and their tools and weapons were made of bronze. Egyptians also developed mathematics, an innovative system of medicine, irrigation and agricultural production techniques, writing and the first ships. Before the Middle Ages began, the Roman Empire collapsed and the Arabs quickly took their place on the continent.
Related: African history