African Americans in United States History

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Classic Ladies of Color. Looking Harlem in the Eye by Darryl Pinckney. Carl Van Vechten (1880-1964), enthusiast of Modernism and ally of the Harlem Renaissance, had a swell time while the Roaring Twenties lasted.

Looking Harlem in the Eye by Darryl Pinckney

Maybe he had too good a time—man about town, his big-toothed smile not to be missed at important theater openings and literary events, then on to suppers and cabarets. “Up at 8 with quite a hangover,” Van Vechten typically notes in his small daybook. He ceased his binge drinking as the Jazz Age turned into the Great Depression and he also stopped writing fiction. His dear friend Gertrude Stein had been right not to take his novels of decadence too seriously. Yet Van Vechten would have the Second Act that American life is not supposed to grant. Van Vechten came from a sort of rich family, and perhaps that was the source of his social confidence. Van Vechten took to Zora Neale Hurston and especially to Langston Hughes. Van Vechten’s characters are based on the black friends he’d made in uptown literary and show business circles.

W. The Anti-Slavery Alphabet - Mississippi Department of Archives and History. Philadelphia: Printed for the Anti-Slavery Fair, 1846 Merrihew & Thompson, printers In a January 1847 Pennsylvania Freeman, the Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society reported profitable sales at its December 1846 fair of "an Anti-Slavery alphabet, written and presented to the Fair by Hannah and Mary Townsend, of this city.

The Anti-Slavery Alphabet - Mississippi Department of Archives and History

" The slim volume targeted young readers, with the hope of inspiring a new generation of abolitionists. The alphabet consists of sixteen leaves, printed on one side, with the printed pages facing each other and hand-sewn into a paper cover. Each of the letter illustrations is hand-colored. Catalog Record Browse Images. Fifty Years Later - Home. How Watermelons Became a Racist Trope. Before its subversion in the Jim Crow era, the fruit symbolized black self-sufficiency.

How Watermelons Became a Racist Trope

Courtesy Brown University Library It seems as if every few weeks there’s another watermelon controversy. The Boston Herald got in trouble for publishing a cartoon of the White House fence-jumper, having made his way into Obama’s bathroom, recommending watermelon-flavored toothpaste to the president. A high-school football coach in Charleston, South Carolina, was briefly fired for a bizarre post-game celebration ritual in which his team smashed a watermelon while making ape-like noises.

While hosting the National Book Awards, author Daniel Handler (a.k.a. While mainstream-media figures deride these instances of racism, or at least racial insensitivity, another conversation takes place on Twitter feeds and comment boards: What, many ask, does a watermelon have to do with race? Not that the raw material for the racist watermelon trope didn’t exist before emancipation.

100 LGBTQ Black Women You Should Know: The Epic Black History Month Megapost. Black lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer and transgender women represent a vibrant and visible portion of the LGBTQ community.

100 LGBTQ Black Women You Should Know: The Epic Black History Month Megapost

In addition to the legends of the Harlem Renaissance and the decades of groundbreaking activism spearheaded by women like Audre Lorde, Barbara Smith and Angela Davis, many of the most prominent coming out stories of the past two years have been black women like Brittney Griner, Raven-Symonè, Diana King and Robin Roberts. Meanwhile, Laverne Cox and Janet Mock have become the most visible transgender women in media. So, in honor of Black History Month, below you’ll find over 100 lesbian, bisexual, gay, queer and transgender women you should know about. If she was still alive, the oldest person in this list would be 189 years old. The youngest person on this list is a mere 21 years of age. Keep in mind, there are so many more prominent black LGBT women than are represented below. Frances E.W. Edmonia “Wildfire” Lewis (1844-1907), Sculptor Ruth Ellis (1899-2000), Activist. Black, queer, feminist, erased from history: Meet the most important legal scholar you’ve likely never heard of.

Ruth Bader Ginsburg has emerged as the liberal hero of a hopelessly right-wing Supreme Court, a ram in the bush for those of us who look on in horror as the court presides over the dismantling of key pieces of legislation like the Voting Rights Act, anti-discrimination law and affirmative action policy, which have been so critical to African-American advancement since the 1960s.

Black, queer, feminist, erased from history: Meet the most important legal scholar you’ve likely never heard of

In a recent interview at Georgetown University, Ginsburg reflected on the history behind one of her key legal accomplishments, the 1971 case of Reed v. Reed. After an estranged couple lost their son, his mother, Sally Reed, petitioned to administer his estate. But Idaho law maintained that “males must be preferred to females,” in such matters. Ginsburg authored the plaintiff’s brief for the case when it reached the Supreme Court, arguing that the 14th amendment protected against discrimination based upon sex. But much of the legal groundwork for that argument can be attributed to Dr. AAME : image. Obit of the Day: Creator of “Luther” In 1968,... Obit of the Day: Creator of “Luther” In 1968, Brumsic Brandon, Jr. created something new.

Obit of the Day: Creator of “Luther” In 1968,...

An editorial cartoonist for several years, Mr. Brandon decided to develop a daily strip that focused on the lives of black children in an inner city environment. (Other strips that were predominantly black like Morrie Turner’s “Wee Folks” were set in middle class neighborhoods.) Through the strip, Mr. "Luther" premiered in New York Newsday and their syndicated papers at the time that newspapers were trying to diversify their comics pages, often in response to the assassination of Dr. There were six regular characters in the strip, including the titular Luther: Hardcore, Oreo, Mary Frances, Pee Wee, Lily (the lone white character), and their teacher Miss Backlash, who was often mentioned but never seen. In 1970, Mr. Brumsic Brandon, Jr. died on November 28, 2014 at the age of 83. Sources: NY Times, Lambiek Comiclopedia, and Wikipedia Also relevant on Obit of the Day:

Black Women Matter by Underground Sketchbook. San Diego Air & Space Museum - Balboa Park, San Diego. 1900s Emory Conrad Malick becomes first African American pilot, trained at the Curtiss Aviation School at North Island in 1912.Eugene Jacques Bullard becomes first black fighter pilot in France (1917). 1920s Bessie Coleman becomes first licensed female black pilot in the United States, licensed in France (1921).James Herman Banning became the first black aviator to obtain a license from the U.

San Diego Air & Space Museum - Balboa Park, San Diego

S. Dept. of Commerce (1926).William J. 1930s First all-black air show in U.S. 1940s Executive Order 8802, which provided for full participation in defense programs regardless of race, is signed by President Franklin D. 1950s Benjamin O. 1960s The New York State Commission against Discrimination faulted Capital Airlines for failing to hire Patricia Banks, an African-American woman who had been denied employment as a flight attendant despite meeting all job requirements (1960).Vance A. 1970s 1980s Guion S. 1990s 2000s Daniel James III, son of Gen. Continue >>

A Study of Frances E. W. Harper's Feminist(ic) Writings. "Wrongs to Be Righted"[1] A Study of Frances E.

A Study of Frances E. W. Harper's Feminist(ic) Writings

W. Harper's Feminist(ic) Writings In 1864 and after four years of marriage, Frances Ellen Watkins Harper was left a widower with one daughter and three step-children. Her husband died in debt and the house that she bought with her own money was taken away to pay for this debt. Had I died instead of my husband, how different would have been the result! She continues in this speech to demand for equal rights for women. Although most of her writings and speeches are concerned with problems that face black people, they are not limited to that one topic. [i]t is the juncture of race - for white women were not forced to prove their (sex and) femininity - and sex - for men were not constrained by such gender definitions - which forms the matrix of the tensions in Harper's narratives. (651) And this is indeed the case in all Harper's work. In these lines Harper was referring to the limitations put on a black woman who seeks some occupation.

Oh! Oh! Black Nashville Genealogy & History. The Black Press: Soldiers Without Swords. The Project Gutenberg eBook of Slave Narratives, A Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves. Black/Asian "solidarity" on MLK Day (with tweets) · so_treu. The Forgotten Radical History of the March on Washington. The Forgotten Radical History of the March on Washington Bayard Rustin and Cleveland Robinson 3 weeks before the march (Orlando Fernandez, Wiki.

The Forgotten Radical History of the March on Washington

Com.) The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, which occurred fifty years ago this August 28, remains one of the most successful mobilizations ever created by the American Left. Organized by a coalition of trade unionists, civil rights activists, and feminists—most of them African American and nearly all of them socialists—the protest drew nearly a quarter-million people to the nation’s capital.

Composed primarily of factory workers, domestic servants, public employees, and farm workers, it was the largest demonstration—and, some argued, the largest gathering of union members—in the history of the United States. That massive turnout set the stage not only for the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which President John F. Yet, despite that success, the Left has largely relinquished its claim to the legacy of the March on Washington.

Salviprince.tumblr. Slave Narratives: Chronological List of Autobiographies. Autobiographies Listed Chronologically Jeffrey.

Slave Narratives: Chronological List of Autobiographies

Declaration and Confession of Jeffrey, a Negro, Who Was Executed at Worcester, Oct. 17, 1745, for the Murder of Mrs. Tabitha Sandford, at Mendon, the 12th of September Preceding. Boston: T.Fleet, 1745. [No copy of this text can be located]. Total autobiographies, 1740-1749: 1 Hammon, Briton. Fortune. Bristol. Arthur, 1747-1768. Total autobiographies, 1760-1769: 4 Gronniosaw, James Albert Ukawsaw, 1712-1775 A Narrative of the Most Remarkable Particulars in the Life of James Albert Ukawsaw Gronniosaw, an African Prince. Total autobiographies, 1770-1779: 1 Sancho, Ignatius, 1729-1780. Equiano, Olaudah, 1745? Total autobiographies, 1780-1789: 2 Equiano, Olaudah, 1745? Mountain, Joseph, 1758-1790.

Equiano, Olaudah. 1745? Pomp. Fortis, Edmund, d. 1794. Johnstone, Abraham, d. 1797. Smith, Stephen, 1769? King, Boston, 1760? Smith, Venture, 1729-1805. Total autobiographies, 1790-1799: 7 Total translations, 1790-1799: 2 Total autobiographies, 1800-1809: 1. The Inkwell, Santa Monica, California (1905-1964) Hazel Maybier Brown-Temple (far right) and Fellow Beachgoers Enjoy the Sand and Surf at the Inkwell, 1928 (Photo Courtesy of Rick Blocker). The Inkwell was a popular beach for African Americans in Southern California through the middle decades of the Twentieth Century. The beach at Bay Street fanning out a block to the north and south was derogatorily called “The Inkwell” by nearby Anglos in reference to the skin color of the beach-goers. Such names existed for other beaches across the U.S. as well. The Inkwell was originally located at the western end of Pico Boulevard and stretched two city blocks south to Bicknell Street.

Over the decades due to the Inkwell’s unique location, blacks were able to avoid overly hostile discrimination as the area evolved from the edge of public activity to a center of it. Even the Inkwell was challenged by nearby white homeowners and businessmen. Black beachgoers suffered personal assaults at public beaches north and south of Santa Monica’s borders. Photos: When Santa Monica Beach Was Segregated: LAist. Fullscreen Editors’ Note 11/22: Alison Rose Jefferson, a doctoral student who is studying this subject, wrote in to set us straight and said that a lot of the information floating around about Inkwell is inaccurate.

There were some errors in this article that have since been corrected—see our notes down below The story of Santa Monica's Inkwell beach sounds like something out of the Jim Crow South. During the 1920's, the 200-foot-long strip was one of the only beaches in the county—save for a sliver of Manhattan Beach—where African-Americans were allowed to enjoy the ocean. The beach started out as a hangout for members of Phillips Chapel CME Church.* The black community was forced to find their own piece of beach to feel safe at after a horrific incident at Santa Monica Beach.** Arthur Valentine, a black chauffeur, and his family and friends went to a whites-only area of Topanga Canyon and were forced off of the premises by the police, according to historian Alison Rose Jefferson. How African Americans beat one of the most racist institutions: The swimming pool.

Because this water drown my family, this water mixed my bloodThis water tells my story, this water knows it allGo ahead and spill some champagne in the waterGo ahead and watch the sun blaze on the waves of the ocean. – Frank Ocean, “Oceans” In 1930s New Orleans, when the city began draining swamps around Lake Pontchartrain to create the whites-only Pontchartrain Beach, African Americans naturally protested because there were few other places for them to legally and safely bathe and swim. The city considered giving blacks a beach in a tiny portion of the lakeshore called Seabrook, where the Industrial Canal spills into the lake — along with all of the pollution you would guess is carried in a canal built for industrial purposes.

But white homeowners didn’t want to grant even this filthy area to black kids. The Edgewood Improvement Association, a white homeowners group, complained that the mere presence of black swimmers would depress property values. Watch Now: Black Surfer Feature Doc 'White Wash' Narrated By Ben Harper, Black Thought. Narrated by Ben Harper and Tariq "Black Thought" of The Roots, the 75-minuted documentary film White Wash is available on DVD and other formats, including screening for FREE on Hulu, which I discovered over the weekend. I spend so much time on Netflix that other streaming sites (like Hulu) are ignored. And while Hulu has its pay service (Hulu+), the standard Hulu service is free, with commercials of course. But, unlike Netflix, which charges you a monthly fee, Hulu gives you two options - the pay service (more content, no ads), or the free service (access to less content, and with ads). White Wash is available under option number 2.

So here's your chance to see a film we first alerted you 3 years ago. In essence, White Wash tackles the issue of race and “black consciousness” in America through the eyes and minds of black surfers. The entire film is embedded below, courtesy of Hulu, so check it out: The Spy Photo That Fooled NPR, the U.S. Army Intelligence Center, and Me - Lois Leveen. A story of a mistaken identity reveals a lot about the history of black women in America, the challenges of understanding the past, and who we are today. Wikimedia Commons It's a blurry image. But in some ways that makes it the perfect portrait of Mary Bowser, an African American woman who became a Union spy during the Civil War by posing as a slave in the Confederate White House. What better representation of a spy who hid in plain sight than a photograph whose subject stares straight at the viewer yet whose features remain largely indecipherable?

Small wonder the photograph has been circulated by NPR, Wikipedia, libraries, history projects, and in my book, The Secrets of Mary Bowser. Mary Bowser left behind a sparse historical trail. Numerous books and articles repeated the tale of Bowser's espionage, often embellished and without any verifiable sources. When my publisher, HarperCollins, asked for images to include in my novel, I dutifully sent the picture purportedly of Bowser. King Institute Encyclopedia. 8 Successful and Aspiring Black Communities Destroyed by White Neighbors. Black Archives of Mid-America Kansas City. Black Pulp Fictions: Yesterday and Today. Dated January 25, 1870, these are the credentials. New book lionizes America’s first black public high school, source of many African-American greats. 1956 Black History Viewed Through Magazines : un album sur Flickr. Search Results: "" - Prints & Photographs Online Catalog. Facial Hair Friday: Portrait of the Artist with a Mustache.

A Racial History of Drowning. Stop Whitewashing. The African American woman pictured above, Zelda... Stop Whitewashing. Gradient Lair. Audiophile Life. Stop Whitewashing. National Postal Museum. An Ancestry of African-Native Americans- page 1. Young Black and Vegan - classicladiesofcolor: Before she became known as... Gallery - The Wayland Rudd Collection. Cold Town, bellecs: winningthebattleloosingthewar: On the... Great Performances . Aida's Brothers and Sisters: Black Voices in Opera. The Spirit of New Orleans — For decades, the Baby Dolls were among the more... WPA Federal Theater Project in New York:Negro Theatre Unit:"Macbeth", ca. 1935. Scientific American Frontiers . Unearthing Secret America . Slave Housing at Monticello. 100 Amazing Facts About the Negro. List of African-American inventors and scientists. Famous Black Inventors.

The Faces of Science: African Americans in the Sciences. The Secret Histories Project. The Big Idea: 7 Groundbreaking Black Female Inventors « MadameNoire MadameNoire. African Influences in Modern Art. Influence of African Art on Cubism - African-American History Through the Arts.