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The Theory Underlying Concept Maps and How to Construct and Use Them

The Theory Underlying Concept Maps and How to Construct and Use Them
Concept maps are graphical tools for organizing and representing knowledge. They include concepts, usually enclosed in circles or boxes of some type, and relationships between concepts indicated by a connecting line linking two concepts. Words on the line, referred to as linking words or linking phrases, specify the relationship between the two concepts. We define concept as a perceived regularity in events or objects, or records of events or objects, designated by a label. The label for most concepts is a word, although sometimes we use symbols such as + or %, and sometimes more than one word is used. Propositions are statements about some object or event in the universe, either naturally occurring or constructed. Figure 1. (click on an image for a larger view) Another important characteristic of concept maps is the inclusion of cross-links. A final feature that may be added to concept maps is specific examples of events or objects that help to clarify the meaning of a given concept.

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How People Learn How People Learn Joseph D. Novak & Alberto J. Cañas Institute for Human and Machine Cognitionwww.ihmc.us This document is part of the Cmappers.Learn section of www.cmappers.net. Visit the site to learn more about concept mapping. '+windowtitle+' We often think about the future as being in front of us and the past as being at our back – as we walk, places we pass are behind us, and places we have yet to reach lie ahead. But not every culture views time the same way. For instance, although the Arabic dialect spoken in Morocco refers to time in the same way that English does, previous research suggests that Moroccans have a tendency to see the past as being in front of them and the future as being behind them. Psychological scientist Juanma de la Fuente of the University of Granada and colleagues hypothesized that differences in how we perceive time result not from language or from how our bodies are oriented, but from whether we’re more focused on the past or the future.

15 Stunning Examples of Data Visualization Data Visualization is a method of presenting information in a graphical form. Good data visualization should appear as if it is a work of art. This intrigues the viewer and draws them in so that they can further investigate the data and info that the graphic represents. In this post there are 15 stunning examples of Data Visualization that are true works of art. Prefrontal-hippocampal dynamics involved in learning regularities across episodes + Author Affiliations Address correspondence to Christian F. Doeller, Saarland University, Department of Psychology, Experimental Neuropsychology Unit, PO Box 15 11 50, Saarbrücken D-66041, Germany. Email: c.doeller@mx.uni-saarland.de. Abstract

tivity Ideas: Rewriting Nursery Rhymes and Fairytales Advantages Many HE courses in Literature now acknowledge the value of students writing creatively as a way of understanding more about the texts they are studying and helping them to become better critical readers. Writing imitations and parodies of a writer’s style can develop and consolidate understanding of the key features of a writer’s work. A Comparison between Concept Maps, Mind Maps, Conceptual Diagrams, and Visual Metaphors as Complementary Tools for Knowledge Construction and Sharing Martin J Eppler1 ↵Faculty of Communication Sciences, University of Lugano (USI), Lugano, Switzerland. Tel.: 058 666 45 12 Fax: 058 666 46 47. E-mail: martin.eppler@lu.unisi.ch In this article, Novak's concept mapping technique is compared to three other types of visualization formats, namely mind maps, conceptual diagrams, and visual metaphors.

Eight Ways to Find People Like You » This Offbeat Life I may well have found the secret to getting unstuck. Find a place to belong. Find people like you. Why Is Facebook Blue? The Science Behind Colors In Marketing Editor's Note: This is one of the most-read leadership articles of 2013. Click here to see the full list. Why is Facebook blue? According to The New Yorker, the reason is simple. It’s because Mark Zuckerberg is red-green color blind; blue is the color Mark can see the best. Not highly scientific, right?

Writing In The 21st Century What are the arts but products of the human mind which resonate with our aesthetic and emotional faculties? What are social issues, but ways in which humans try to coordinate their behavior and come to working arrangements that benefit everyone? There's no aspect of life that cannot be illuminated by a better understanding of the mind from scientific psychology. Ten Takeaway Tips for Teaching Critical Thinking Suggestions from educators at KIPP King Collegiate High School on how to help develop and assess critical-thinking skills in your students. Ideally, teaching kids how to think critically becomes an integral part of your approach, no matter what subject you teach. But if you're just getting started, here are some concrete ways you can begin leveraging your students' critical-thinking skills in the classroom and beyond. 1. Questions, questions, questions. Questioning is at the heart of critical thinking, so you want to create an environment where intellectual curiosity is fostered and questions are encouraged.

Cognitive Distortions And Socializing Many of the problems and conflicts people face are sustained in part by distorted, maladaptive thinking: Someone who's shy often sees other people as more critical and judgmental than they really are. A person struggling with anxiety may see the world as exaggeratedly dangerous, and underestimate their ability to cope. Someone who's depressed will look at everything through a bleak, hopeless, pessimistic lens. Chronically angry people often read hostile intent into the other people's neutral or benignly thoughtless actions. A man who's insecure in his relationships may constantly interpret what his girlfriend says as a sign she doesn't really like him.

Color Me A Dinosaur – The History Of Crayola Crayons, Charted First, Pluto got a demotion. Then, surfing the FM dial, I heard a Styx song on the oldies station. And just yesterday, park-side, a nanny chided me: “Star fish? No, kids call those sea stars nowadays.” Oh, really?

Brain-Friendly Teaching (1): Putting Brain-Friendly Strategies To Work How can the findings of current brain research be applied in the classroom to help students perform best on standardized tests? Marilee Sprenger details seven steps to move information from sensory memory to long-term memory. "In the United States, most schools prepare for standardized tests by spending a large amount of time a few months prior to testing on review," observes brain expert Marilee Sprenger. "Although that has been known to raise test scores in comparison to schools that do not follow that process, it does not put information into long-term memory. Because working memory can hold information for just days or weeks, most of the time, the information is forgotten after the test."

Three Steps to Critical Thinking Edward Charles Francis Publius de Bono is a bona fide genius. The author, inventor, Rhodes scholar and Nobel prize-nominated economist graduated from college at age 15. In the field of education and business, he is famous for originating the term lateral thinking. In his spare time, he also wrote Six Thinking Hats and several other books on creativity. Of all his contributions to the field of education, there is one critical thinking method that I use in classes more than any other: the PMI, a brainstorming model built on the categories of plus, minus and interesting.

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