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The Theory Underlying Concept Maps and How to Construct and Use Them

The Theory Underlying Concept Maps and How to Construct and Use Them
Concept maps are graphical tools for organizing and representing knowledge. They include concepts, usually enclosed in circles or boxes of some type, and relationships between concepts indicated by a connecting line linking two concepts. Words on the line, referred to as linking words or linking phrases, specify the relationship between the two concepts. We define concept as a perceived regularity in events or objects, or records of events or objects, designated by a label. The label for most concepts is a word, although sometimes we use symbols such as + or %, and sometimes more than one word is used. Propositions are statements about some object or event in the universe, either naturally occurring or constructed. Figure 1. (click on an image for a larger view) Another important characteristic of concept maps is the inclusion of cross-links. A final feature that may be added to concept maps is specific examples of events or objects that help to clarify the meaning of a given concept.

Concept maps or mind maps? the choice What are the differences between mind maps and concept maps? (click to see larger) Sometimes you will have no choice. In an educational setting, some educators require their students to make concept maps, others mandate mind maps. But most of the time we are free to choose. Then, the key determinants of when you would use each type of map will usually be these:

How People Learn How People Learn Joseph D. Novak & Alberto J. Cañas Institute for Human and Machine This document is part of the Cmappers.Learn section of Visit the site to learn more about concept mapping. Virtual Brainstorming and Mind mapping Software Mind Mapping Software:: Mind Mapping online There are a number of simple mind mapping and brainstorming programs available for use, either on your own system or online as a group. Some are even available that can be used across the mobile phone network to enable you to generate a mind map through the internet using your phone. Mindmapping online Mindmapping is not just unorganized brainstorming. It is similar in concept to using the "bones" on a fishbone diagram to organize your thoughts but it is a less "fixed" structure.

Joseph D. Novak Senior Research Scientist Completing graduate studies at the University of Minnesota in 1958, Dr. Novak taught biology at Kansas State Teachers College at Emporia, 1957-59, and biology and teacher education courses at Purdue University, 1959-67. From 1967 to 1995, he was Professor of Education and Biological sciences at Cornell University where his research focused on human learning, educational studies and knowledge creation and representation. He has developed a theory of education to guide research and instruction, first published in 1977 and updated in 1998 and 2010. A Comparison between Concept Maps, Mind Maps, Conceptual Diagrams, and Visual Metaphors as Complementary Tools for Knowledge Construction and Sharing Martin J Eppler1 ↵Faculty of Communication Sciences, University of Lugano (USI), Lugano, Switzerland. Tel.: 058 666 45 12 Fax: 058 666 46 47. E-mail: In this article, Novak's concept mapping technique is compared to three other types of visualization formats, namely mind maps, conceptual diagrams, and visual metaphors.

Thanks for trying the Visual Thesaurus The Visual Thesaurus is an interactive dictionary and thesaurus that allows you to discover the connections between words in a visually captivating display. With a subscription you will also get access to the Spelling Bee, VocabGrabber, and Online Magazine. 14 day risk-free trial! Visual Thesaurus Unlike a paper-bound book, the Visual Thesaurus is fluid and dynamic, like the way you think. Word maps blossom with meaning, helping you find just the right word. Making Concept Maps (Novak) Novak's cmap home Excerpted, rearranged (and annotated) from an online manuscript by Joseph D. Novak, Cornell University original manuscript was revised in 2008-> Concept maps are tools for organizing and representing knowledge.

Second-order cybernetics Second-order cybernetics, also known as the cybernetics of cybernetics, investigates the construction of models of cybernetic systems. It investigates cybernetics with awareness that the investigators are part of the system, and of the importance of self-referentiality, self-organizing, the subject–object problem, etc. Investigators of a system can never see how it works by standing outside it because the investigators are always engaged cybernetically with the system being observed; that is, when investigators observe a system, they affect and are affected by it. Overview[edit] The anthropologists Gregory Bateson and Margaret Mead contrasted first and second-order cybernetics with this diagram in an interview in 1973.[1] It emphasizes the requirement for a possibly constructivist participant observer in the second order case: . . . essentially your ecosystem, your organism-plus-environment, is to be considered as a single circuit.[1]

School Library Research (SLR) School Library Research (ISSN: 2165-1019) is the scholarly refereed research journal of the American Association of School Librarians. It is the successor to School Library Media Research (ISSN: 1523-4320) and School Library Media Quarterly Online. The purpose of School Library Research is to promote and publish high quality original research concerning the management, implementation, and evaluation of school library programs. The journal will also emphasize research on instructional theory, teaching methods, and critical issues relevant to school libraries and school librarians. SLR seeks to distribute major research findings worldwide through both electronic publication and linkages to substantive documents on the Internet.

A Science Odyssey: People and Discoveries: B.F. Skinner B.F. Skinner1904 - 1990 Burrhus Frederic (B.F.) Skinner majored in literature at Hamilton College in New York. Draw A Creative Mind Map for Self Analysis Many personal development experts share about the benefits of using mind maps. My post today takes it one step further with how I have used the concept of mind mapping for self analysis. I also share illustrations from my personal art journal that I created some time ago. I drew them as part of my pre-vision board exercises. The (above) mind map picture that I did for self-analysis was my first. It may look simplistic but it has helped launched a myriad of creative ideas.

Motivation Motivation to Learn: An Overview Citation: Huitt, W. (2011). Motivation to learn: An overview. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. 100 Reasons to Mind Map 100 examples of how you can use mindmapping whether completely new to mind maps or a seasoned pro. I hope the list helps generate ideas for you. 100 Reasons to Mind Map 1. Explore a subject 2. Study & learn a new topic, culture or country 3. John B. Watson (American psychologist) John B. Watson, in full John Broadus Watson (born January 9, 1878, Travelers Rest, near Greenville, South Carolina, U.S.—died September 25, 1958, New York, New York), American psychologist who codified and publicized behaviourism, an approach to psychology that, in his view, was restricted to the objective, experimental study of the relations between environmental events and human behaviour. Watsonian behaviourism became the dominant psychology in the United States during the 1920s and ’30s. Watson received his Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Chicago (1903), where he then taught.