http://io9.com/5893964/10-psychological-states-youve-never-heard-of----and-when-you-experienced-themRelated: Philosophy/ Psychology • psychology & behaviour • Psycho • Thought Patterns • Science
Overview of Julian Jaynes Theory of Consciousness and the Bicameral Mind In January of 1977 Princeton University psychologist Julian Jaynes (1920–1997) put forth a bold new theory of the origin of consciousness and a previous mentality known as the bicameral mind in the controversial but critically acclaimed book The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind. Jaynes was far ahead of his time, and his theory remains as relevant today as when it was first published. Jaynes asserts that consciousness did not arise far back in human evolution but is a learned process based on metaphorical language. Prior to the development of consciousness, Jaynes argues humans operated under a previous mentality he called the bicameral ('two-chambered') mind.
Empathic people are natural targets for sociopaths - protect yourself © Fotolia Olly The empathy trap: therapists and counselors almost by definition are empathic, to facilitate clients' recovery - but this quality can mean those carers are targets for sociopaths, aided by what Dr Jane & Tim McGregor call "apaths". The first UK article on this cruel sport shows how to identify and thus avoid it.
Half of Your Friends Aren’t Actually Your Friend Here’s a fun exercise: Take a minute and count up all your friends. Not just the close ones, or the ones you’ve seen recently — I mean every single person on this Earth that you consider a pal. Got a number in your mind? Good. Now cut it in half. Okay, yes, “fun” may have been a bit of a reach there. The Baader-Meinhof Phenomenon You may have heard about Baader-Meinhof Phenomenon before. In fact, you probably learned about it for the first time very recently. If not, then you just might hear about it again very soon.
Secrets of the Manhattan Project Leaked 1500 Times During World War II An employee at Oak Ridge wrote a letter to her uncle, telling him the war would be over quickly, when "the product" being produced was finally used. Unfortunately, she dropped the letter on a bus prior to mailing it. She admitted to intelligence agents that, in her position as a confidential secretary, she had "acquired considerable information about the work of the project, but had been very foolish to reveal any of the information to her uncle."
KOHLBERG'S STAGES OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT Lawrence Kohlberg was a moral philosopher and student of child development. He was director of Harvard's Center for Moral Education. His special area of interest is the moral development of children - how they develop a sense of right, wrong, and justice. Kohlberg observed that growing children advance through definite stages of moral development in a manner similar to their progression through Piaget's well-known stages of cognitive development. His observations and testing of children and adults, led him to theorize that human beings progress consecutively from one stage to the next in an invariant sequence, not skipping any stage or going back to any previous stage. These are stages of thought processing, implying qualitatively different modes of thinking and of problem solving at each stage.
New evidence shows how chronic stress predisposes brain to mental disorders (Medical Xpress)—University of California, Berkeley, researchers have shown that chronic stress generates long-term changes in the brain that may explain why people suffering chronic stress are prone to mental problems such as anxiety and mood disorders later in life. Their findings could lead to new therapies to reduce the risk of developing mental illness after stressful events. Doctors know that people with stress-related illnesses, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), have abnormalities in the brain, including differences in the amount of gray matter versus white matter. Gray matter consists mostly of cells – neurons, which store and process information, and support cells called glia – while white matter is comprised of axons, which create a network of fibers that interconnect neurons. White matter gets its name from the white, fatty myelin sheath that surrounds the axons and speeds the flow of electrical signals from cell to cell.
Is slavery wrong? - Atheist Alliance International Recently a Muslim asked me, “Why is it bad to own slaves?” It’s a good question and it needs an answer. What religions tell us It Does Something A Lot Weirder And now you all understand why Stephen Hawking is widely acknowledged as a genius. Until his proposal of black hole evaporation by virtual particles, no one had then made such a strong link between quantum mechanics and general relativity. Much however still remains to be done. I'm interested in why the hole preferentially chooses to absorb antiparticles. If it absorbs an average of particles/antiparticles there would be no net energy gain or loss due to pair production over time. No, no, no, you misunderstand.
Hive minds: Time to drop the fiction of individuality - opinion - 08 April 2014 FOR most of Western history, truth and morality came from God and king, and free will was a theological question. This began to change in the 1700s, and the idea that humans were individuals with the freedom of rational choice soon wormed its way into the belief systems of the upper echelons of society. Over time, the concepts of rationality and individualism profoundly shaped the governments and culture of the West. But to what extent are we freethinking individuals? The question matters because economics and much of cognitive science have, at their basis, the concept of an independent individual. The Effects Of Emotional Abuse & How To Heal Them - mindbodygreen Insomnia, appetite changes, constant fear, a sense of doom, and hopelessness: self-destruct mode. This is your body saying "no more." Your patchwork — the above four solutions — aren't working anymore, and your body is going to torture your mind until you surrender to the only permanent solution: love.
1. What is Multimodal Literacy? – Multimodal Literacy Multimodal literacy, first proposed by Professor Gunter Kress and Professor Carey Jewitt, Institute of Education, University of London, is about understanding the different ways of knowledge representations and meaning-making. Multimodal literacy focuses on the design of discourse by investigating the contributions of specific semiotic resources, (e.g. language, gesture, images) co-deployed across various modalities (e.g. visual, aural, somatic), as well as their interaction and integration in constructing a coherent multimodal text (such as advertisements, posters, news report, websites, films). The pedagogical approaches in developing multimodal literacy is informed by the seminal work by Emeritus Professor Michael Halliday’s in Systemic Functional Theory as well as other international scholars and researchers in the field of multimodality.  Jewitt, C., & Kress, G. (Eds.). (2003).
These Wasps Built Their Colony On A Window – And The View Is Incredible Wooo! The other day out walking through the woods behind my house I came upon a paper wasp nest the size of a basketball in a bush. It was crawling with those nasty black wasps that hate people more than a fat kid hates broccoli. Needless to say, I backed away slowly and gave it a wide interdiction zone. Should have taken a picture. I grew up in the southwest and had more than one encounter with a wasps nest, though they were rarely much bigger than a softball or, occasionally, a cantaloup.