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Confirmation Bias

Confirmation Bias
The Misconception: Your opinions are the result of years of rational, objective analysis. The Truth: Your opinions are the result of years of paying attention to information which confirmed what you believed while ignoring information which challenged your preconceived notions. Have you ever had a conversation in which some old movie was mentioned, something like “The Golden Child” or maybe even something more obscure? You laughed about it, quoted lines from it, wondered what happened to the actors you never saw again, and then you forgot about it. Until… You are flipping channels one night and all of the sudden you see “The Golden Child” is playing. What is happening here? Since the party and the conversation where you and your friends took turns saying “I-ah-I-ah-I want the kniiiife” you’ve flipped channels plenty of times; you’ve walked past lots of billboards; you’ve seen dozens of stories about celebrities; you’ve been exposed to a handful of movie trailers. “Be careful. Sources: Related:  PSYCHO SOCIO KNOW

Steven Pinker i Rebecca Newberger Goldstein: Daleki zasięg rozumu Lucid Dreaming Frequently Asked Questions Answered by The Lucidity Institute Version 2.4 © Lucidity Institute (contact us) This FAQ is a brief introduction to lucid dreaming: what it is, how to do it, and what can be done with it. There are several excellent sources of information on lucid dreaming, the most reliable and extensive of which is the Lucidity Institute website ( Other sources are listed below. "I first heard of lucid dreaming in April of 1982, when I took a course from Dr. 3.4 WHAT TECHNOLOGY IS AVAILABLE TO ASSIST LUCID DREAMING TRAINING?

Procrastination The Misconception: You procrastinate because you are lazy and can’t manage your time well. The Truth: Procrastination is fueled by weakness in the face of impulse and a failure to think about thinking. Netflix reveals something about your own behavior you should have noticed by now, something which keeps getting between you and the things you want to accomplish. If you have Netflix, especially if you stream it to your TV, you tend to gradually accumulate a cache of hundreds of films you think you’ll watch one day. Take a look at your queue. Psychologists actually know the answer to this question, to why you keep adding movies you will never watch to your growing collection of future rentals, and it is the same reason you believe you will eventually do what’s best for yourself in all the other parts of your life, but rarely do. A study conducted in 1999 by Read, Loewenstein and Kalyanaraman had people pick three movies out of a selection of 24. You weigh yourself. How would you pick? Links:

The Ten Most Revealing Psych Experiments Psychology is the study of the human mind and mental processes in relation to human behaviors - human nature. Due to its subject matter, psychology is not considered a 'hard' science, even though psychologists do experiment and publish their findings in respected journals. Some of the experiments psychologists have conducted over the years reveal things about the way we humans think and behave that we might not want to embrace, but which can at least help keep us humble. That's something. 1. The Robbers Cave Experiment is a classic social psychology experiment conducted with two groups of 11-year old boys at a state park in Oklahoma, and demonstrates just how easily an exclusive group identity is adopted and how quickly the group can degenerate into prejudice and antagonism toward outsiders. Researcher Muzafer Sherif actually conducted a series of 3 experiments. 2. The prisoners rebelled on the second day, and the reaction of the guards was swift and brutal. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

5 Magic Ways to Connect with Defiant Kids — Danielle Maxon, LCSW When your child is defying you at every twist and turn, it's easy to feel distant and disconnected. They are actively pushing you away, rejecting your love, and disrespecting your rules. Of course you're feeling disconnected! But maintaining and growing your relationship with your child is the #1 thing that will help your family overcome the difficult behaviors. Your relationship with your child is more important than any parenting strategy or type of therapy! 1. There are so many ways to incorporate nurturing touch into your interaction with your child: from hair-ruffling, shoulder-patting, and high-fives, to hugs, snuggle-time, and massage. 2. The quality of your listening is more important than the quantity. 3. Kids spend all day at school hearing "123, Look at Me" only to come home to "Look at me when I'm talking to you!" 4. Create a routine with your child that allows for quality time. 5. Want some quick strategies to avoid the dreaded power struggles?

The Origin of the 8-Hour Work Day and Why We Should Rethink It One of the most unchanged elements of our life today is our optimal work time or how long we should work – generally, every person I’ve spoken to quotes me something close to 8 hours a day. And data seems to confirm that: The average American works 8.8 hours every day. At least, those are the official statistics from the Bureau of Labor Statistics: And yet, for most of us it is obvious that knowing how long the average person works every day has little to do with how efficient or productive that pattern is. With success stories from people working 4 hours a week, to 16 hours a day, it’s hard to know if there is an optimal amount. Share stories like this to your social media followers when they’re most likely to click, favorite, and reply! Why do we have 8 hour work days in the first place? Let’s start out with what we have right now. In the late 18th century, when companies started to maximize the output of their factories, getting to running them 24/7 was key. So there we have it. 1.)

Dealing with Depression: Why ‘Get Over It’ Doesn’t Work In the face of our depressed moods, friends, loved ones, and even our therapists may say things like, “Stop doing that to yourself!” or “Get over it!” We may even say to ourselves, “Why can’t I just get over it?” These forms of “psychotherapy” usually come from a loving place but often turn out to be ineffective. When ‘Get Over It’ Does Work Believe it or not, as a therapist I spend a fair chunk of my day using a form of “Stop It!” “Get over it!” When ‘Get Over It’ Doesn’t Work When someone has conscious control over a behavior, “get over it”-type interventions can help, but my clinical work looks much different when the self-defeating pattern is unintended or unconscious, habitual, or automatic. Find a Therapist for Depression Often, people who experience repression-driven problems never recognize they were mad at someone else; instead, they are instantly overcome by a process of self-blame and self-torture that leaves them feeling fatigued and hopeless. How ISTDP Can Be Useful Reference:

How to Cure Cancer In the fall of 1963, not long after Vincent T. DeVita, Jr., joined the National Cancer Institute as a clinical associate, he and his wife were invited to a co-worker’s party. At the door, one of the institute’s most brilliant researchers, Emil Freireich, presented them with overflowing Martinis. The head of the medical branch, Tom Frei, strode across the room with a lab technician flung over his shoulder, legs kicking and her skirt over her head. Half a century ago, the N.C.I. was a very different place. DeVita decided to try the same strategy on another seemingly hopeless cause, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, a cancer that begins as a solid tumor in the lymph nodes and steadily spreads throughout the body. “The side effects were almost immediate,” DeVita writes: The sound of vomiting could be heard along the hallway. Then came the surprise. What happened? Vince DeVita served as the head of the National Cancer Institute from 1980 to 1988. “Why in God’s name have you done this?”

Mind–body problem Different approaches toward resolving the mind–body problem The mind–body problem is an unsolved problem concerning the relationship between thought and consciousness in the human mind, and the brain as part of the physical body. It is distinct from the question of how mind and body function chemically and physiologically since that question presupposes an interactionist account of mind-body relations.[1] This question arises when mind and body are considered as distinct, based on the premise that the mind and the body are fundamentally different in nature.[1] Each of these categories contain numerous variants. The two main forms of dualism are substance dualism, which holds that the mind is formed of a distinct type of substance not governed by the laws of physics, and property dualism, which holds that mental properties involving conscious experience are fundamental properties, alongside the fundamental properties identified by a completed physics. Philosophers David L. Plato[edit] A.

Why You Should Take Your Shoes Off Before Entering Your Home, Backed By Science While it may be commonplace in most Asian countries, the cultural norm of taking your shoes off before entering your home has yet to catch on in Europe and America. In Asian cultures it’s easily understandable as to why people remove their shoes before coming into a home as their meals are typically eaten on mats on the floor, and they sleep on rolled out futons at night. A new study has researchers suggesting that maybe we might want to be more aware of what exactly we’re bringing into our homes via our shoes. Bacteria in the home – Research conducted at the University of Houston found that 40% of shoes were carrying around the Clostridium difficile, or “C.diff”, bacterium. What else is on your shoes? Steps you can take to have a cleaner, healthier home – The benefits of taking off your shoes before entering a home are tremendous and worthwhile. Think about adding a designated spot in your home for people to ditch their shoes while spending time in your abode. (h/t Life Hack)